During the war, the dogs which are the most loyal friends of the people, have made the task of the ambulance, became the courier, made mine or bomb disposal team leadership, has identified the location of the spies, in exchange for people’s friendship.
When the history of the planet has settled accounts with the ruins of WWI, in 1924, the council of Soviet’s revolutionary military of the tactical shooting high-school started to take the dogs for the purpose to be trained as being experimental and education in the military field for Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army, with Stalin’s orders. Within a few months, those education places were opened at Smolensk, Tashkent, Tbilisi and Ulyanovsk.
Initially, the issue about who will train to these dogs was experienced difficulty. Including the circus employees, they called many people on the military training facility. Over time, this situation was improved and the soldiers began to provide training. At the same time, the dog clubs were opened for army. When WWII broke out, 14,000 dogs started to serve in the army. At the end of the war, this number will be 60,000.
Second half of 1941, when Moscow war has started; the courageous and devoted dog troops were used to stop the Nazis tank units including Moscow defense and the containment of the Nazis. Stalin’s expectations about battle tactics and advantages were very high. When the time has come, he knew that a troop, which will consist from the dogs will be support at an important moment of war. The dogs were not only giving the reports about coming of Nazis when they went forward on the boundary line. The dogs were remunerating of their training, which was given about blowing up the tank troops, in the same time. In defense of Leningrad, the becoming target of the dogs’ shelter was not surprising rather than soldiers’ shelter with this reason. These sentences were seen frequency in urgent correspondence notes:
“The fascists are targeting to our dog; dogs’ positions are under fire.”
One of the most famous of these dogs was Rex. One day, a mission that is required to cross the Dnieper and had to be informed of their at next to Red Army troops with interruption of the communication channels established by the Nazis was given to Rex. Rex has entered to the cold river in three times at February, 1944. He almost lost into the water, going adrift. But it has continued his duties fearlessly. While its struggle, the heavy artillery fire was bombarding on both sides of the river. And ultimately, Rex had taken in the very important documents and spent infantry battalion against the shore.
Another hero dog was Dzhul’bars. It became a legend with the tasks in the Red Army. Dzhul’bars, did mine clearance in many European countries including Hungary, Austria, and the city Prague, for two years. It has identified of the location of 7468 mines in total and 150 artillery shells. And, it was called as guest of honor to the parade in Red Square by Stalin himself. Red Star medal was given to Dzhul’bars by Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky with the order of Stalin.
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