World War I, or the Great War, began in July 1914. It ended in June 1919 with the Treaty of Versailles.
Causes of World War I:
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife on June 28, 1914, was the “spark” that led to war. The archduke was the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. A group called the Black Hand, a Serbian nationalist secret society, planned the attack, which was carried out by Gavrilo Princip. This was the culmination of the Serbian nationalism movement as they fought for sovereignty. The Austro-Hungarian response took approximately three weeks; they issued an ultimatum to Serbia, effectively nullifying Serbian claims to sovereignty through the extent of Austro-Hungarian demands for justice.
Austria-Hungary believed that the Serbians would reject their demands and allow them to start a limited war over the slight. While Austria-Hungary did not seriously consider Serbia’s ties to Russia, their…
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