“Do I take off my boots? Stretcher would not become dirty with my boot’s slush.”

The words of the title were told after coal mine disaster a year ago, 13 May 2014 Soma, Manisa, Turkey. These belonged to miner Murat Yalcin, who survived from tragedy that 301 coal miners died tragically:
“Do I take off my boots?”
Later an interview, Yalcın was asked that why he said this. His answer was very significant.
“After me, my friends will have to be removed from the mine. And I do not want to be moved of them with a dirty stretcher. ”

Unfortunately, it has not been as he wishes. 485 workers were rescued, 301 workers and 1 mining engineer lost their life.

What happened after this incident was a tragedy. The families of the 301 miners who haven’t proper safety and healthy working conditions, could not get months salaries. Currently, the monthly salary which was given by AKP government to these families is 100 euros AKP government did not keep the promises. It has put a ban on the press and obstructed those who bring this issue to the agenda with all kinds of obstacles. Even, one of advisers of Recep Tayyip Erdogan who is president of republic today, kicked to a young man who was protest to Erdogan. That day at Soma, Recep Tayyip Erdogan had encountered an anger.

Then the words which R.T. Erdogan said that reveals how is desperate the situation in Turkey for workers:
“This way of death, is into the fate of this work.”

The answer to him was given by Soma mine worker, Engin Dagli:

“I wasn’t there when prime minister came. Also, I moved away when I heard that he came. I do not want to see even his face. However, he said
“This way of death, there is into the fate of this work.”. I want to ask him: Is it fate, if a man jumps out from the top of a ten-story building? Top it all off, R.T. Erdogan is giving an examples from mine accidents from France or China.

And another question:
Soma Construction Company which is the original owner of the mine, is especially protected. What is the reason?
Dagli: There is only one reason. Melike Dogru, who is wife of administrative manager of the mine and also the general manager, in the March 30 elections, she was nominated a member of the AKP provincial council. At the same time the company is the company that AKP distributes coal. (AKP government, before every election, distributes coal to poor people and collects votes).

To cultivate business in mine, over-production was done; lest stop production, shift changes were made gradually and there was no job security. Even, the owner of the mine had said unashamedly:
“We produce at tons of coal 23.8 dollars, while Turkey Coal Enterprises produces at tons of coal 130-140 dollars.”

So workers were running excessive. Shift system functioned unhealthy. There was no job security. And all the money they were receiving a monthly salary of 450 euros to 750 euros.

The security video recordings about what happened on that day, emerged in April 2015.

From the beginning first minutes of the video, there is the security cameras images of the day. From the second minute, and now disaster had been; the other miners and even their wives began to come to mine, to get news or to recover. While workers go out on the one hand, rescuers enter to inside on the other hand. In 3 minutes a worker gives an effort to explain of the status to outsiders. From 4th minutes the bodies of the miners begin to take out. From 5:20 minutes the anger and the rebellion of the miners is seen.

After 8 months after the disaster, the Republic of Turkey prosecutors could not prepare for a indictment about Alp Gurkan who is mine owner. And this man was not arrested until today. Already, according to mine owner, the responsibility of disaster belongs to mining engineer, who died in mine or those who make conspiracy. Thereupon, the relatives of the miners, collectively, they sued for damage and now it is heard in those days. It is still continuing.

For this case, which turned into a scandal, the workers’ relatives are experiencing the same pain almost every month in courtrooms.

The cries of the workers’ relatives outgrow the court hall. Here is, some of their words:

“I rather than the death of my husband, I’m sorry the poverty that he lived.”
“My husband never had a new shoe. Because, he always wore boots.”
“Our children always use black color in the paintings that they make at school.”
“After my husband died, the state gave 100 euros monthly salary. Is this my husband’s value?”

You can say poverty or despair for all happening. But it is the same name in all the world’s languages: Wild capitalism. The oppression of the working class has not been a realistic pain as today’s. The workers have no name in the new world order. Workers are used as slave.

The quotes and sources:


Water Wars in Middle East

We can consider as a starting point is the report of Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) headquartered in Washington, DC, “the Middle East’s water problem”, in 1986. In the report, there were such as the prophecies that the drought which begins due to reduced of the rivers flow in the Middle East, will increase, and water will be more valuable than oil included in the results of the research in daily life. The most interesting part of this report was that:
“Nile, Tigris and the Euphrates … In the Middle East, a future war, surely will be the sharing of the waters of three rivers …”

What happened in those years?

Saddam was massacring thousands of Kurds from 1986 until 1989. How Saddam has achieved this bloody power? In 1979, Saddam became president with a covered revolution. The same year, the Islamic revolution happened in Iran. Western countries and lead actor America, had backed the bloody war that lasted eight years of Saddam with Iran. Saddam weapons which have used between 1986-1989 did not fall from the sky, those had been American and European aids.

But, Saddam like every dictator, did not fit in mold. And, he betrayed the feeding him. He invaded Kuwait in 1990. America would not no longer be together with Saddam, and then he started to dance with Russia.

From 1990 in quickly, the statement about Israel’s water problems began to come out successively.

“Israel’s University of Haifa, Prof. Armon Sofer said, it will be war in the Middle East due to the use of water resources.” (Milliyet, 31 October 1990)

“Angry water fights were not new for the Middle East. It was related to the previous several battles three major rivers: the Nile, Tigris, Euphrates.” (Newsweek, 12 February 1990)

“Water scarcity threatens Israel.” (Shalom, Jan. 9, 1991)

“At next years in Jerusalem’s boulevards will not smell rose, and perhaps a country that Israel will be forced to abandon the image of desert bloom eye-catching. As in the old culture and inside the Negev cotton, the holy city needs a lot of water for decoration, but there is no water. (L’Express, August 16, 1991)

“Shimon Peres: Population is increasing. If we can not create the possibility to produce the water, this time we will fight for water.” (Cumhuriyet, 12 June 1991)

“One of the most important reasons of Israel’s invaded Southern Lebanon and the West Bank, these places have the rich water resources. Golan Heights are mountainous, rainy and fertile regions. It can not afford to lose these places in. Also, Israel occupied the portion of Lake Tiberias which belongs the Syria and using the whole lake. Because the sea water treatment process too costly. It even affects the inflation of Israel…

Water power can be used together to win the friendship and trade. But at the same time it is similar nuclear power, if once known by the people that you have it, it awakens in them great respect. Turkey’s water-rich regions of the Southeast. If the events in the Southeast Anatolia expand, also neighborly relations will be even more important.” (Economist, December 14, 1991)

“The Israeli Agriculture Minister Rafael Eitan: water in the region is a ticking bomb.” (Hürriyet, 14 July 1991)

“The Israeli Agriculture Minister Rafael Eitan, warns:” The water level in Lake Tiberias has never been so low any time. Water reserves of Israel under life-threatening.” (Nature, Aug. 1991)

“Israel stated that it is willing to cooperate with Turkey on GAP, Israel is deprived of water resources, but Turkey has rich in water, land and labor.” (Shalom January 29, 1992)
“Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin: I hope that the water problem is not resolved with the gun.” (Sabah, 22 December 1992)

“Western sources have pointed that the water which has begun to become more valuable than oil in the Middle East, can blow the war winds in the region by winning a strategic importance towards the 2000s.” (Cumhuriyet, 23 July 1992)

In the same year the terrorist organization PKK that is so-called defence the rights of Kurds in Turkey, was signature the bloodiest actions. PKK was busting the villages and killing children, elders, teachers and soldiers.

Those who could not live in Turkey, were fleeing to Syria, then were returning with armed again to Turkey. Some of the PKK terrorists were getting training in Germany, Greece, Italy, Belgium and France camps. Almost every west countries support them.

But, for what?

“…Many communities use the water of the Tigris and Euphrates basin or are affected by dams built on the river though. Kurds are the most affected communities. A many important rivers arise in Turkey where the population density consist from Kurds or in the control of Kurdish areas where are in safe Kurdish region in northern Iraq. As the most significant beneficiaries, Kurdish communities have the right to participate in a meaningful way in the decision-making process that will affect them. Therefore, the delegation calls to establish effective mechanisms to all relevant states to Turkey, Iraq and Syria in the region, in all negotiations related to water, the Kurdish minority and such as those affected social groups and water users to ensure the participation of the most important rights…”(1)

This quotes from Kurdish Human Rights Project (established in England) web pages documents. But now it cannot read I don’t know why. What do you think?

Let’s see Turkey’s waters that could not be shared.

UN sees the Middle East as the most problematic region of the world about water.
While Middle East Region has 5% of the world’s population, it has water resources only 1% of world. Moreover, 90% of the water resources (as in the Euphrates and Tigris for example) consist from transboundary waters in this region. Turkey is located in the midst of war, which will be released in this case.

Euphrates River arise from Turkey. After entering Syria going out from Turkey near Birecik, Balik and Khabur River, which are included of main source of the Euphrates, join it. Therefore, 98% of the Euphrates stems from Turkey. However, Syria argues that Balik and Khabur stem from its territory. Syria’s contribution is actually only about 11%. Iraq does not make any contribution to the water of Euphrates River, but Iraq is using 44% section of the river waters. While water contribution to the Euphrates of Turkey is 89%, Turkey is using only around 35% rate. Despite Syria contributed 11% on the Euphrates, Syria is using 21% of the river water. This rate increases with the Southeastern Anatolia Project(21 dams over the Tigris and Euphrates in Turkey) That’s why, Syria and Iraq seriously worried because of this situation. Tigris also arises from Turkey as the Euphrates; is leaving the border with Turkey near Cizre. Hezil waters of the Great Zab which are arising from Turkey, is joining the Tigris in Iraq. Tigris water had contributed to the 40% of Turkey, Iraq ‘s contribution is around 60%. Tigris is after leaving from Turkey, without going into Iraq, it forms 50 for 60 km the border between Turkey and Syria. This waterfront Tigris get Syria to benefit from the contribution of the Tigris water does not eat at all. Syria which get the opportunity to benefit from the Tigris this shore, does not contribute to Tigris water at all.

The problem Iraq and Syria with the dispute Turkey over starts in in the terminology of water. While Turkey claim the Euphrates and Tigris are”transboundary waters” as being right, Syria and Iraq, argue them as “international waters,”. Thus, they are trying to restrict Turkey’s rights of the Euphrates and on the Tigris. While Turkey accepts the amount as it sees fit “allocation of water”, Syria and Iraq, want to share the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates will connect with the agreements states. This difference of opinion creates breaking point of the problem for Turkey.

In fact, Turkey came under obligations on the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in Treaty of Lausanne(1923). It is written in a manner that will protect the interests of Turkey’s water in Lausanne. More particularly, various protocols were signed during the World War 2. After 1946,1947,1976 and 1987. However, these agreements and protocols in Turkey, the Tigris and Euphrates defined benefit industrial and agricultural purposes which prevents Ankara obligations under the put provisions, were not included. About transboundary waters, there is no international rules in a comprehensive and all disputes that can be applied to determine the rights and obligations of the riparian states…

The United Nations and the European Union since 2006, wants to the Euphrates and Tigris waters are “international waters,”; not “transboundary waters”, and publish reports on this issue. The importance of water for the communities and countries, is undeniable. However, while helping a country, if the damage to other countries, this assistance is doubt the innocence.

Already the EU handle the Euphrates and Tigris subject as two separate basins, also Jordan’s basin to include Euphrates, only shows that EU protected the interests of Israel. Indeed, the underlying reason of the base of the attempt to become dependent on foreign of Turkey’s political as well as economic, mainly because water that is seen as a pretext for war after oil. How else could be interpreted that USA is trying to make Turkey economically dependent by using US’s own children IMF and the stepchild UN and the World Bank, and occupy the agenda of Turkey by using another countries data? (2)

Israel has obvious a serious water problem, has not it? This is not about Syria, Iraq or the puppet state Kurdistan, which will established by the United States in the interests of Israel.

There has been water problem which couldn’t been solved between Israel and its neighboring countries which Jordan River stakeholders, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Jordan, for years. The biggest causes of the problem are the drought which has been surrounding the region since 1988, and the withdrawal of the waters of the Jordan River. Jordan River water level has fallen below the red level which is considered to be alert in the framework of the national security concept. In 2001 the level of the river water has fallen below 215 m above sea level. If the every 30 cm level falls is correspond to 10% of Israel’s annual water consumption, is considered, it will be easier to understand the experience of water shortages of Israel. According to the estimates; If the current agricultural production to continue in the coming years in Israel, 210 million cubic meters water will need more than the current drinking water, and 375 million cubic meters water will need more than in the amount of agricultural and industrial, in 2020. (3)

Palestinian’s viewpoint: the words of “Minister for Imaginary Water”

Palestinian Water Authority Chairman Sheddad El Atili is giving a great fight against the water problem in the region. El Atili who is proclaimed himself “Minister for Imaginary Water” complains that Palestinian could not even open a single well without the permission of the Israel…

West Bank hills have the caves and crevices, where filled with the accumulation of rainwater. Groundwaters are creating only natural water source in the region. Israel which uses these reserves since the 1950s, holds the control of the region since the Six-Day War in 1967, and thus holds the military control of resources. While annual per capita is using 57 cubic meters of water in the Palestinian territories, Jewish settlement in the Israelis can use it quintuple the amount of this water. Palestinian Water Authority Chairman Sheddad says:
“I do not have the luxury to waste even a drop in the West Bank. But the situation is worse than in Gaza where the world’s largest prison is. About 2 million Palestinians live at there, due to the blockade Israel has imposed; they are not able to reach the water which deserves the definition of ‘drinking water’.”(4)

Golan Heights where Israel occupied in 1967 war and has been received back a small portion of it in 1973, are creating another problem which is increasingly complex due to related policy the underground and aboveground water sources in the region. According to information which is given by A. Arsan who is Water Works Director of Kuneytr (Syrian town at Syria- Israeli border), the Israeli administration continues to use the Banyas and Kadı River waters which are under occupied Golan region and south of the Sheikh mountain, despite UN decisions.

Despite UN decisions stating that Israel should withdraw from the Golan Heights, 4 dams were built in order to supply the water needs of residents who are placed in this area by Israel. However, because of some dams have been very close to the points on open fire and were built on the rivers which are flowing towards Syria, the water problem grown steadily.

Like a joke: Israel is not aware the dams which built by itself.

Arsan stated that they received a response letter from UN, after Syria brought this problem to the UN. And according to letter, “the other side, so that Israel was not aware of these dams”.

Who cares Genava Convention

According to the Geneva Convention on the use of waters by any occupier position (in this case Golan Heights are in occupied) also is prohibited. Syrian side is accusing Israel of stealing water under this contract. In addition to this, it is known that Israel takes various taxes from Syrians who are living around the lakes that Israel draws water, in return of using the lake water.

As well as the use of 750-800 million cubic meters of water per year of Israel, recently another issue emerged in Syria about the mixing sewage into the waters. Kuneytr Governor Riyad Hijab, drawing attention to a new problem, which will begin to take effect in the coming years, “the Israeli side is burying nuclear waste in the soil of the Golan and in the areas close to Syria,” he says. (5)

Do you still believe the war of the Middle East emerged out from petroleum? Do you still believe the Kurdistan which will established by US is interested in Kurdish rights?

(1) http://www.khrp.org/khrp-news/human-rights-documents/2003-publications.html

(2) Cumhuriyet Strategy Journal

(3) http://akademikperspektif.com/2013/12/31/ortadogunun-su-problemi/

(4) http://www.ntv.com.tr/arsiv/id/25451106/

(5) http://www.haberturk.com/dunya/haber/602277-suriyenin-golan-tepeleri-ile-baslayan-sorunu