The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) held a big event in Izmir on Oct. 28, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution and the 94th anniversary of Turkey’s foundation

Communist Party of Turkey gathered thousands of people: “Socialism will suit very well to the Republic”

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The Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) held a big event in Izmir on Oct. 28, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the October Revolution and the 94th anniversary of Turkey’s foundation

The event of TKP, which is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution led by the Bolsheviks in 1917 and the 94th anniversary of Republic of Turkey’s foundation in 1923, attracted striking attention despite rainfall with the attendance of thousands of TKP members and friends.

The event, “Socialism will suit very well to the Republic”, started with a performance on the October Revolution in 1917 and its achievements for humanity.

Member of Political Bureau of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) Dimitris Arvanitakis and the Secretary-General of the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) Astor Garcia also attended the event.

KEMAL OKUYAN: COMMUNISTS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN REPUBLICAN

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Kemal Okuyan, the General Secretary of the TKP, delivered a speech during the event. Arguing that the question, “When did the communists become republicans?” is a superficial one, Okuyan dwelled on the historical bridge between the modern revolutions and the stance of communists:

When did the communists become republicans? Look how superficial is this question…

 Modern history starts with a great revolution; The French Revolution, in 1789. It has almost been 230 years. This revolution opened way to the foundation of the first Republic in France, in 1792. Afterwards, in 1804 the French Empire was proclaimed  In 1848 the revolutions shook Paris again and the republic was re-built. In 1851 it was demolished for one more time. In 1870-1871 the working class in France stepped in. The Paris Commune, the rule of the working people, re-established the republic. The origins of the song that we shall sing together at the end of this night, ‘The International’, come from this Commune. And who demolished the Republic that was founded by the proletariat of Paris? Hitler, the blood-handed dictator of the German monopolies. This same person in 1933 was the one that demolished the first German Republic that was founded in 1919 again by a revolution. In Spain the working class, the communists defended the republic that was founded in 1931 and finally turned over Franco, the favourite man of the bosses and landlords. 

In 1917 at the moment that the first socialist revolution was achieved, the working class named its power as socialist republic.

Through out whole of this story, we stand by the republic. In the other side stand the obscurants, the blooded dictators of the monopolies, the bigots, the priests, the kings, sultans and exploiters.

In Turkey we also have roots in 1923. The Communists have always been republicans. Yes, the republic that was founded in 1923 with a revolutionary breakthrough firstly inwardly got rotten then ruined, by the same forces, so the reactionaries. The question itself is wrong. The question of when did the communists become republicans. We were always here.

 But why? What is the meaning of the Republic for the communists, so that they historically, in the past and today, stand by the republic? Republic means popular will, that represents not the God nor the dynasty but the People. Kings, sultans, shahs, sheikhs, tsars they all rule on behalf of dynasties or God. Instead the popular will has two aspects. The people are equal and not governed by religion. If the holy one gets in the way, there is no longer a republic. Look, we are talking here. We are challenging the exploiters, the imperialists. But, as they squeeze they are hiding behind their sacredness. Why so? Because as the name implies, the sacred is inviolable. We cannot interfere with the religious beliefs of the people but just because of this deceit we have to pull the pin of the ones that are hiding behind religion. 

 That is right, you should not let God be involved in your governmental affairs. This principle summarizes secularism. Also, you should not let other countries interfere  your own internal affairs. And this is sovereignty. And the popular will has to be reflected. Today there is no secularism. There is a country that is being governed with Holy texts. Set aside the blusters of our sultan, are the European Union adjustment laws still valid? They are. As ‘strategic partners’ didn’t they make attacks with the USA? They did. Is the membership to NATO still valid? It is. Well, is the common will equally reflected? The ruling classes possess the media, money and they use religion as well. Excuse me, but we do not, we cannot call this a republic. Look, on 2019 the presidential elections will take place. We need 100.000 registered signatures. This costs 10-15 million Turkish Lira. For the Palace, this is nothing. But, does anybody here own 10-15 million Turkish Lira? The votes are equal but people are not!

 Remember the old question. Is the vote of the shepherd equal to the vote of an engineer? Should be equal. As long as we are talking about humans not sheep! The existing system turns humans to sheep, with money, cheat and superstitions. And then the popular will is stupefied! There is no popular will in a system that spirits away the human.

 What were we saying? This country is not a republic anymore. So, we have to build a new one, not to be demolished again. How? I hold in my hand the Constitution written down by Communist Party of Turkey. We call it ‘Socialist Constitution’. The one that we shall suggest and apply in the working people’s power in Turkey. Here are the introductory decrees which no one can propose or dare to change:

 “Article 1- The Turkish Republic, without any discrimination as to language, religion, race and sex, is a sovereign socialist state that represents the common will and defends the interests of the working people, peasants and all labourers.” This means equal citizenship. There is no room for exploiters. Does anyone have an objection? No, good.

 “Article 2- No regulation, profession, operation or action can allow man to exploit man; planning and taking measures to ensure this, is among the primary tasks of the state.” Socialism is an emancipatory system but there are some red lines. Exploitation is forbidden. Increasing one’s wealth by stealing the labour of another, is forbidden. Do you have any objection to this? No.

 “Article 3- The political life and the governmental affairs, altogether or in parts, cannot be based on religion or religious laws. The belief in religion is an individual choice; every citizen is free to believe in any or no religion, and is free to make or not make it public. This is the real definition of secularism. We are in Izmir, so I don’t even have to ask but, is there an objection? No.

 “Article 4- In the Republic of Turkey where many different nations and people live together, all citizens benefit from the same rights, without any discrimination of ethnical or national roots. No nation has more role or responsibility than other nations or peoples in organizing the sovereign socialist state, in building and preserving an equal socialist system.” There is no nationalism here, no ethnical politics or separatism; there is fraternity, solidarity, equality. Is there any objection to this? No.

Article 5- The inviolability of the first four decrees of the Constitution are under guarantee of the organized society. Here we are not referring to the army, but the society. We are referring to the workers, youth, students, peasants, intellectuals, i.e. the main articles in the Constitution are under the guarantee of all the people. The army shall be the army of the people, not of the palace or NATO. 

Well, let us continue…What purposes shall these basic decrees serve? Factories, farms, forests, natural treasures (both underground and not), shall be under the possession of the working class. This event started with these words; from just the beginning of the October Revolution in 1917.  ‘Workers, be watchful and guard like the apple of your eye your land, grain, factories, equipment, products, transport- all that from now onwards will be entirely your property, public property’.

How nice. Workers, guard your factories, land and grain. Because these belong to the workers. After reserving the share for the needs of the society the whole value of the production shall be paid to the workers. What is this share? Education, health, dams, investments for new technologies, parks, cultural palaces… Not a penny to Koç, Sabancı, Ağaoğlu and the rest exploiters. Not a penny to the Palace. This is what we shall do: Stop the leakage. And we will have the sources for building a developed classless society.

 Then the working hours shall decrease. Humanity has given struggle for this and gained the right of 8-hour workday. But now, we are going back to the old ages. Technology develops and we are work more. It was said that people will be replaced by robots! Instead, people are turning into robots. In socialism the working hours shall gradually decrease. Listen what is written in the Socialist Constitution: “The reduction of work hours, is the precondition for the development of the human kind in all dimensions and is one of the primary targets of the society. The working hours cannot be more than 35 per week.” One prohibition more. The prohibitions is socialism are a bit different, these are positive prohibitions.

There are some more… “Article 28- Ensuring working opportunity and working security toevery citizen of any age capable of working is among the main duties of the state. The state cannot abolish these two basic rights at any condition and cannot ignore the conditions that give cause for this.” That means, unemployment is forbidden!

Since we are talking about bans. Here you are, one more: “All citizens of the Republic of Turkey are free to speak, make propaganda and get organized. Racist or fascist ideas, ideas that support openly or indirectly the exploitation of man by man, warmongering, abuse of religion cannot use the right to make propaganda and get organized as they block the free development of the society.” Warmongering is forbidden, racism, abuse of religion is forbidden. As far as religion is concerned, they say that we shall interfere in the beliefs of the people. That is a lie. This is what we say in the Socialist Constitution: “Each citizen of the Republic of Turkey has the freedom of belief and pray. Not any institution or person can put pressure on any other person.” This is a basic human right. Socialism values the basic human rights and freedoms.  And we continue:

The attempt of the politicization of religion and the regulation of the social life with religious laws are averted. No reference can be made in any official document about the religious beliefs of the citizens.” This is also essential for secularism. Comrades, friends, I continue: “People have the right to live in environments in which they can re-create themselves. According to this right, all citizens of the Republic of Turkey are provided with the right of a residence suitable for their needs. Every kind of precaution is taken so that the residences are properly constructed or improved against earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters. Heating, electric energy and water are supplied for free. Reducing the transportation on highways and extending more safe, comfortable and effective ways of transportation in urban and intercity transport.” 

Let me stop now. I ask you: Don’t you want to live in a country like this? Think about it… In a country that nobody can say that men and women are not equal, women will not be killed, the statues will not be spitted on, the scientists will not be abandoned to the holding companies, the theatre and opera houses will not be turned to shopping malls, the people with different sexual orientations will not be marginalized, will not be treated as sick people… 

During the day not being exploited, at night not sleeping hungry as Nazim Hikmet said.

Do we want this? Is this possible? On 1917 the people that believed in this, took action. In the Soviet Union all the above started being real. They passed the sea but they got drown in the river. They made some mistakes, they underestimated the enemy, i.e. the imperialism, the capitalism. The Soviet Union was demolished…

So, what shall we do? We shall build another, stronger republic. Socialism will suit very well to the “republic”.

Stating that the decrees and articles of the Socialist Constitution shall be under the guarantee of the organized society, the communist party general secretary Okuyan continued: “Here we are not referring to the army, but the society. We are referring to the workers, youth, students, peasants, intellectuals, i.e. the main articles in the Constitution are under the guarantee of all the people. The army shall be the army of the people, not of the palace or NATO.”

“During the day not being exploited, at night not sleeping hungry,” Okuyan summarized socialist living conditions with reference to a famous poem of renown Turkish communist poet Nâzım Hikmet.

“SOCIALISM WILL SUIT VERY WELL TO THE REPUBLIC!”

“Do we want this? Is this possible? In 1917, the people who believed in this took action. In the Soviet Union, all the above came true. They passed the sea but they got drown in the river. They made some mistakes, they underestimated the enemy, i.e. imperialism, capitalism. The Soviet Union was demolished,” Okuyan said, pointing out to the historical achievements and today’s need for a socialist revolution in Turkey and other countries.

“So, what shall we do? We shall build another, stronger republic. Socialism will suit very well to the Republic!” Kemal Okuyan concluded his speech.

Following Okuyan’s speech, the event continued with artistic performances of TKP member or friend musicians, theatre players, dancers and poets.

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The epic of Turkey’s War of Independence with Ruhi Su’s interpretation
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With the images of the War of Independence, Efeler is on stage with Western Anatolian zeybek folk dance performance.
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A scene from the performance of “Nazim stage” theatre players
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The poet Nihat Behram, while reading one of his poem.

The declaration of the European Communist Initiative was announced while the KKE and PCPE representatives greeted the event and participators.

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Dimitris Arvanitakis, Member of the Communist Party of Greece, KKE, and Astor Garcia, Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Spanish People,PCPE, spoke to those attending the event.

The event, “Socialism will suit very well to the Republic”, ended with the live performance of the International anthem chanted by thousands of people.

In October 28, the city, beloved Izmir, Turkey have been home to TKP and about 3500 communists in Open Air Theatre at International Izmir Fair area. Why 3500 people? This is my guess; because that theatre area is about 3000 people, but there were many people who didn’t sit on benches (due to there was no place on the benches) and have sit on the corridors or stood up at that night. The autumn rains that started after the beginning of the meeting also rain seemed to have not affected anyone, and everyone was eager to continue to be there as long as how long the meeting lasts.

I saw many communists in the same feeling and thought at that night. And I thought, can the same be spread all over the world? So there were representatives of Greek and Spanish communists at the meeting. Can this spread more widely? World international communist youth organizations are doing this, well, is the same idea of being on the right path among the adult communists?

What extent can a Russian communist accept the wrong, and non-scientific writings about Lenin or Stalin? Or, what extent a Turkish communist can accept the wrong and non-scientific approaches to Ataturk and Anatolia historical events?: Up to a point.

Firstly, my idea is that people can build a really beautiful planet by taking lessons from mistakes in the Soviet Union in especially after Lenin era, and also by evaluating it on a very good model like Cuba. For all this, all differences must be left aside, no matter what nationality or race they have, the people should approach the subject scientifically. And the eastern and western communists should put together their historical processes, especially without under the influence of western imperialism, and go on to model their examples. Nobody can know Anatolian’s history of communism, socialism better than a communist in Anatolia. Every determination has been made, or every article is written or will be written about communists of Russian, Turkey or Greek(I am giving these 3 countries as example but the examples can be expanded with many countries), would be missing or half, without taking advantage of the historical accumulation of Anatolian or Russian, or Greek communists from themselves. (Of course, the western people speak very well Turkish, Russian or Greek, and if they read the historical process of these countries from their sources at first hand, and they have the possibility to scan all these countries sources, this case is not valid.)Especially eastern countries are closed societies. Their historical facts are perceived very differently in the rest of the world because of the influence of the anti-propaganda made by the west, and also because they can not create much of the opportunity to explain themselves better to the world. But the world is living different era anymore. All these countries communist parties web pages on the net. And my advise is, if the western people want to approach in scientificly, they can look at these pages easily. Other wise it would be as same as being into loop.

As long as without taking advantage of the historical accumulation of eastern communists, each dissolution and deep disagreement arise. And every perpetuation is an element that will facilitate the work of the imperialists.

The road to take is long and difficult; and this is not a way to be taken with constantly talking, or discussing with each other’s and without knowing the truths of historical facts from first hand. Otherwise, this road can never go with together.

The quotes were taken from this page of SoL.international

Also, the speech(italic parts) of Kemal Okuyan was taken from this page of TKP web page.

Pictures were taken from SoL haber web page in Turkish.

 

 

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Women’s march

Hulya Sen; she was working as a family doctor in Istanbul before April 16, presidental referendum of Turkey, but after April 16, she resigned from her office and began a march to Ankara, the capital city of Turkey for the annulment of the referendum.

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-April 17 is the start day of Dr. Hulya Sen march; in Kadıkoy square while she is greeting the other “No” activists when they are sitting.-

Dr. Hulya Sen has said about the start of the march from Istanbul to Ankara:

“The results of the referendum were announced at same night in April 16, I was in Kadıkoy square. There were tens of thousands of people at there, and none of them was seemed in a state to go back homes already. There was a rejection, there was nonacceptance; because, the referendum was shady, there were the ballots without an authenticating stamp to count. People walked rightward to leftward in Kadıkoy. They entered the streets, then they went out. The rain started and everyone went home. We woke to a day with “yes”. I did not have anything to go and study. I also do not believe that the state is the same state which I started to work 25 years ago. ‘I need to separate my road,’ said to myself. I resigned and decided to go for a march. It was kind of desperation. Because, this is a situation which neither the people can seat nor can sleep; also can not work. Walking was helping for me, that was what came to mind. I’ve started a person, but I am no longer single person. I know we’re a huge crowd.”

The result of referendum that Dr. Hulya Sen mentioned, has been announced as “the yes vote is about 51.4% and, 48.6% for the no vote” for a new presidental sytem of Turkey.

According to the result of the referendum, the map of Turkey has been shaped as follows.

Hayır means “no” ; Evet means “yes” in Turkish

The area’s size which belongs to higher “yes” votes, so colourised with white color seems bigger than the area’s size which belongs to higher “no” votes, so colorised with orange color. However, the population of “No” votes area is higher than the “Yes” votes area in Turkey. Especially at the west cities, more than half of population of including Istanbul, Izmir, also Ankara the capital, and total 17 metropol cities’ population gave “no” vote against the new presidental system of Turkey. (In Turkey there are 30 metropol cities)

Of course, the cities with more “No” votes are the cities of higher populations and the cities with more “yes” votes are the lower population cities, do not indicate that “no” will be the dominant result. It can be said that the situation can be balanced between the lower population cities where “yes” votes reaches to 70% or 80% and two major populations of Turkey such as Istanbul and Ankara where the 51% “no” votes outcome. For example, in Istanbul about 11 million voters number is equal with almost 15 middle cities’ voters number in Anatolia. If these 15 middle cities gave the “yes” votes in high percent, so let’s say average is about 75%, this can be balanced the Istanbul 51% “no” votes. But it is still very difficult question to answer: How can be possible this result, while about 49 million people live in these 17 metropol plus 16 other cities where the “no” votes are higher? Turkey population according to last datas, is about 80 million. In this regard at the population of the cities where the “yes” votes are higher, is about 31 million people.

Before Dr. Hulya Sen started to her march, the question mark about the ballots without an authenticating stamp to count, has been confusing for many people, as she stated.

What is the issue about the ballots without an authenticating stamp?

The day 16 of April, at referendum day,

Before the referandum, High Electoral Board of Turkey, YSK, had been announced also made a video about how referendum will be made for the voters and the parties’ officials who will work on the ballot boxes. According to rules of referendum the ballots and the envelopes which ballots will put in, had to be officially stamped. However, while voting was underway, even half an hour before the end of voting in western cities and half an hour after voting in eastern cities is over -(in Turkey west cities’ voting process is finishing in 5 pm, east cities in 4 pm)- High Electoral Board of Turkey announced the ballots’ envelopes that had not been officially stamped, will be accepted.

“Both the opposition and the OSCE focused on a decision taken on Sunday by the High Electoral Board…he OSCE said the decision broke Turksh election law. The board “issued instructions late in the day that significantly changed the ballot validity criteria, undermining an important safeguard and contradicting the law,” the OSCE said…Opposition parties said that 1.5 million unstamped ballots had been illegally counted – enough to swing an election that had been decided by about 1.38 million votes, according to state news agency figures.” -quotes from the news of telegraph.co.uk

Another woman, Meral Aksener who seperated her political road from Turkish Nationalist Party MHP, like the other opponents was trying to reach to tv channels for hearing her voice, she was saying that, “Don’t leave the ballot boxes, there is huge manipulation from state news agency figures which were broadcasted on tv channels right now.”

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Meral Aksener

Same night the people were on the streets in many city of Turkey, the women at the forefront, the people made the protest agaist the result of referandum and High Electoral Board of Turkey, YSK.

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The writings on banners at referendum protests: “They will not able lock the women in homes” , “No means no.”

April 17-18, after referendum, Dr. Hulya Sen was on the roads towards to Ankara. She was making the statement to the local newspaper and she was saying that:

“High Electoral Board, YSK did not accept any objections, but we were expecting a different decision, you are seeing that the people gathering and saying they do not accept it. They want to walk with me, but I do not think it’s possible to walk together in the conditions of the OHAL (acronym of the state of emergency in Turkish). In fact, I think that it is not possible to propose a constitution under the conditions of OHAL. We are confronted with the imposition of a constitution without the internalization of the material, unless OHAL is removed and people have not discussed the constitutional amendment. Moreover, the election results are questionable.”

This has been subject to the OSCE report of referendum of Turkey:

“A failed coup attempt on 15 July 2016 left at least 241 people dead and 2,194 injured. In response to the attempted coup, as well as a wave of terror attacks that shook the country in 2016, the government declared a state of emergency on 21 July and extended it twice since, most recently for another 90 days starting on 19 January. Mass arrests and the prosecution under emergency decrees of over100,000 and continued detention of over 40,000 individuals, as well as dismissals of over 150,000 civil servants, followed. The state of emergency that restricted fundamental freedoms, as well as the ongoing security operations in the southeast that resulted in several hundred thousand people fleeing their homes, led to questions as to whether conditions were in place to permit a democratic referendum. In its opinion on the amendments to the Constitution, the Venice Commission noted that “the current state of emergency does not provide for the due democratic setting for a constitutional referendum.”

OSCE is continuing it’s report about campaigning of the parties:

“The campaign was characterized by the lack of a level playing field. The significantly more visible ‘Yes’ campaign, led by the governing AKP and to some extent the MHP, was supported by several leading national officials and many lower level public officials, including the prime minister and thepresident, who under the constitution is required to remain non-partisan and perform his duties without bias. These instances blurred the line between party and state… Supporters of the ‘No’ campaign faced a number of undue limitations on their freedom to campaign. Many ‘No’ campaigners suffered physical attacks. A high number were arrested, most often on charges of organizing unlawful public events or insulting the president. Some ‘No’ campaigners faced difficulties renting premises for events or had their events cancelled by the authorities or venue proprietors, often on short notice.”

Already another woman, Zeynep Altinok, who is Izmir deputy of main opponent party CHP had announced the balance of aggressive attitude over “No” supporters before the referendum.

According to Zeynep Altinok’s study, before referendum into two months, 213 people who were “no” campaigners and supporters were taken into custody; except the many knife attacks and injuries were made by “yes” supporters.

Also, some lines from her study,

“Prime Minister Binali Yildirim, accused the people who say “No” to support terrorism…

It was also forbidden to distribute brochure to the “No” supporters in the Istanbul subway, but at the same time the electricity of the stand of the “yes” supporters, was given by the subway…

The police could not tolerate the ‘No’ written on snow by Artvin-Cerattepe people. Police erased the “NO” writing on snow by intervening…”

The physical injuries that Zeynep Altinok mentioned in her study, continued on the day of the referendum according to the news;

“..when the objection to a ‘Yes’ vote was made with the reason it’s void by Melisa Yetin in Istanbul, it come to light that that both her and another woman offical Fatma Yilmaz was attacked and wounded. It has been suggested that the aggressor group was a member of AKP Kartal Esenlik Youth Branches….After they come out of hospital, they stated that “We were in charge for the Republic. The republic gave the freedom to women. If next sunday would be the election again, we are ready to work over…”

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After the attack, CHP ballot officer’s neck was crushed, and CHP deputy visited her house

An another woman who is CHP deputy, after the referendum day, was struggling with that,

CHP Manisa deputy Tur Yildiz Bicer asked about ‘the unstamped votes’ decision of YSK. She explained that she wanted a decision on the acceptance of the unstamped votes from YSK but she could not get a response. Tur Yildiz Bicer shared this message in a statement made on Twitter: “Today I applied to the YSK and asked the decision and circular letter about the acceptance of the unstamped votes; there is no decision, no circular letter and no answer!”

While these happened, an another woman, Burcu Celik who is HDP deputy was taken into custody.

According to news, Burcu Celik was arrested after she uncovered the doubts of the referendum results of Mus city, has also attracted attention.

And Dr. Hulya Sen has been walking, and the 4th day of her march, she gave this statement on another city’s local newspaper.

 “I feel myself as millions on this road which I started alone. I’m not tired. This action is an objection, a rebellion. The public and I are calling the High Electoral Board, YSK members to resign. Because no law can be imposed by compulsion despite public. The laws and the constitutions are made by society. You also need to draw the boundaries of the people you authorized, so that you can be called a legal text. If it gives you unlimited authority, this is not a legal text anyway. So this is not a constitution. This is a project to enforce the legal framework of unconstitutional governance. The Turkish people are not the nation to accept to such a compulsion. I have not been able to find out who wrote this draft constitution already. We know that we can find the official records of who wrote all the constitutions written up to now, including the Rescript of Gulhane.(1839)”

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She is welcomed by many people at different cities when she arrives

She countinued to her statement in another city,

“Now, even either YSK says “yes” or “no”, it has no judgement anymore. After that the decision of that authority, I think there is no judgement. I think YSK is invalid. In a place where the president doesn’t acknowledge the constitution, I do not acknowledge YSK.”

Thousands of people, like herself, were in the streets to signify that they did not accept YSK’s decision. YSK has not accepted to any objection for the referendum result, and many reputable legal experts of Turkey, indicated that YSK has to accept to objections. And according to them, YSK made a silent coup against the constitutional system.

The days and nights of last week, YSK is taking own share from the people’s refusal. Women are still on the front. For example, that old woman joined the daytime protests in front of the YSK, and says the following against YSK.

Translating her words in English shortly,

“They’re shamless. They are not embarrassed. Would that be so? I can not find anything to say. God da*n you, da*n you! You are reptiles, thieves, who get illegally. We want our votes, we do not want anything else! You can have the money that you have stolen, but you give us our votes! God da*n you! They’re relentless! They could not finish the country by eating! Fill your eyes with soil!

While Dr. Hulya Sen is on her march, the women of Anatolia are everywhere on the streets and they are resisting. They are writing an another page of history of Turkey. And it seems that the new page is on the begining yet. The women have been already expressing this on the streets with the slogan “this is just the beginning” with huge crowd last one week. There are still so many road they will take, also they are aware of it. They don’t seem to leave this road. Also as far as I know the women of Anatolia, they don’t withdraw under any conditions. Those who do not take the women reactions into account will certainly be doomed to absolute failure. On the other side, the women of Anatolia know better than anyone, Ataturk and his revolution has given the best rights for women, before many other countries in the world. Dr. Hulya Sen also stated she will finish her march tomorrow, April 23 National Sovereignty and Children’s Day, at Anitkabir, the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

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A photo from yesterday protests. The writings on banner: Resist with book, resist with work; resist with hand and teeth; resist with hope, love and dream!

While she was on this road, I respect to her and the other honorable women of this planet. Besides, it should not be forgotten that, like Nazim Hikmet said: “A brave woman’s head is heavy on a coward man’s shoulder.”

Before election, pro-Donald Trump and pro-Hillary Clinton software robots produced 3.8 million tweets and social bots also accounted for 400,000 of the 2.8 million individual users

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Fake Tweets, real consequences for the election

Software robots masquerading as humans are influencing the political discourse on social media as never before and could threaten the very integrity of the 2016 U.S. presidential election, said Emilio Ferrara, a computer scientist and research leader at the USC Information Sciences Institute (ISI), and USC Viterbi School of Engineering research assistant professor.

By leveraging state-of-the art bot detection algorithms, Ferrara and co-author Alessandro Bessi, a visiting research assistant at USC’s ISI, have made a startling discovery: a surprisingly high percentage of the political discussion taking place on Twitter was created by pro-Donald Trump and pro-Hillary Clinton software robots, or social bots, with the express purpose of distorting the online discussion regarding the elections.

The researchers analyzed 20 million election-related tweets created between Sept. 16 and Oct. 21. They found that robots, rather than people, produced 3.8 million tweets, or 19 percent. Social bots also accounted for 400,000 of the 2.8 million individual users, or nearly 15 percent of the population under study.

“The presence of these bots can affect the dynamics of the political discussion in three tangible ways,” writes in a recently released paper titled, “Social Bots Distort the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election Online Discussion,” appearing the journal First Monday.

“First, influence can be redistributed across suspicious accounts that may be operated with malicious purposes. Second, the political conversation can become further polarized. Third, spreading of misinformation and unverified information can be enhanced.”

“As a result, the integrity of the 2016 U.S. presidential election could be possibly endangered.”

Interestingly, Trump’s robot-produced tweets were almost uniformly positive, boosting the candidate popularity. By contrast only half of Clinton’s were, with the other half criticizing the nominee, according to the research paper. South Carolina produced the most fake campaign-related tweets, the study reports.

Because of social bots’ sophistication, it’s often impossible to determine who creates them, although political parties, local, national and foreign governments and “even single individuals with adequate resources could obtain the operational capabilities and technical tools to deploy armies of social bots and affect the directions of online political conversation,” the report says.

The “master puppeteers” behind influence bots, Ferrara added, often create fake Twitter and Facebook profiles. They do so by stealing online pictures, giving them fictitious names, and cloning biographical information from existing accounts. These bots have become so sophisticated that they can tweet, retweet, share content, comment on posts, “like” candidates, grow their social influence by following legitimate human accounts and even engage in human-like conversations.

News was taken from  http://phys.org/news/2016-11-fake-tweets-real-consequences-election.html#jCp

“Clinton and Trump have only tactical differences”

Socialists are participating in the U.S elections as well: Only a complete overturning of capitalism can realize the tremendous potential of humanity

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Tulga Bugra Işik’s news,  from SoL international

Due to the choices of monopolistic system, imperialist-militarist state structure and anti-communism, only two parties and two candidates are visible in the so-called “fortress of democracy”.

But today in the U.S. elections, there are other candidates such as the candidate of Greens Jill Stein, Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson and the candidate of Party of Socialism and Liberation, which continues its socialist struggle without concessions, Gloria La Riva.

We talked with the candidate of PSL on the policies of presidential candidates, electoral system of U.S., U.S. economy and the Middle East policy of U.S.

“ELECTIONS IN U.S. ARE ANTI-DEMOCRATIC”

Why is the Party for Socialism and Liberation running in the elections, in a political system designed for two parties? What does PSL think about two-party system and U.S. democracy?

The U.S. electoral and political system is the system of the ruling imperialist class. As such, it is one of the most important mechanisms to maintain its rule. The elections in the United States are one of the most anti-democratic in the capitalist world. For example, even though the presidential election is national, a candidate or party is required to apply for ballot status, state to state, and the requirements vary widely. It takes literally about a billion dollars for one of the two bourgeois candidates to run a campaign, so of course, that makes it necessary for those parties to be wholly responsible to the corporate donors. Then is the problem of access to the large-scale media, which engages in a fierce censorship of other candidates.

And yet, with this inaccessible scenario, our Party has participated in every presidential election since shortly after our founding. We do this because as Leninists, we believe it is essential to be where the masses are, to speak in the name of socialism and struggle as the only way that the crises of the working class and society as a whole can be overcome and resolved. If we were just to criticize from the outside without intervening in the electoral arena, we would not have meaningful access to the people, who still see the elections as the means for political participation.

We have had this year a tremendous experience, with our members and supporters in city after city, reaching out to so many communities, joining in the struggles and helping lead some, with our political program, which has received a positive response and interest from many. We also encourage those who are more interested than in just voting for an alternative candidate and party, to join our Party, which many have done.

We have helped give visibility and popular support to key struggles this year, for instance, when I and other members have traveled to North Dakota to support the great Native resistance struggle against the Dakota Access Pipeline. Our vice-presidential candidate in several states, Dennis Banks, is a well-known Native leader, co-founder of the American Indian Movement, who has been a continual presence there. This struggle is the most important environmental movement in the United States in years, and largest, most united movement of Native people in more than 100 years, with more than 450 Native tribes and nations who have joined together.

We have been part of dozens of protests and manifestations against the brutal police killings of Black and Latino people, defending people against evictions, marching against the US-Saudi bombing of Yemen, organizing protests against the U.S. proxy war against Syria.

“CLINTON AND TRUMP HAVE ONLY TACTICAL DIFFERENCES”

What do you think about differences between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump? Are there significant differences between them?

By the time you are able to publish this, perhaps the new president will be elected. It looks like it may be Hillary Clinton, since her close numbers seem to be improving in the last hours, due to the intense media push for her, and the fact that Republican and Democratic leaders alike are behind her. But we see that there would be little difference, perhaps small tactical differences, and certainly in their images. The public perception is different, although both candidates are greatly disliked. I can attest to the exhaustion that the mass of people feel, by us talking to so many thousands in the streets, in public events. There is a great feeling of distrust, anger at their justified perception that one, Trump, is a disgusting racist, anti-woman and overall bigot, and billionaire who has gotten away with huge tax breaks; While Clinton is seen by many as being in the pockets of the biggest banks, as a proven warmonger, and not trustworthy. Yet, there is definitely more fear of Trump. And that is the reason that Clinton will likely win, purely out of fear of Trump, and of course for many because she is a woman.

It is virtually a smooth transition from one president to another in terms of neoliberal policies that have intensified, whether it was NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement of President Clinton, to President Obama’s Trans Pacific Partnership, or the growing militarism, from the Gulf War of George H.W. Bush, to Clinton’s continuation of the genocidal sanctions against Iraq, to his bombing of Yugoslavia, to Obama’s support of the Honduras coup and the destruction of the Libyan state, notably with Hillary Clinton as Secretary of State. The fact that most Republican leaders have all given their support to Clinton is because they fear the potential instability and perceived illegitimacy of a Trump presidency.

The U.S. president is simply the CEO of U.S. imperialism, and whomever is elected will pursue those objectives. Of course, history has shown us that when a truly mass movement arises, such as the great civil rights struggle of the African American population, especially in the South, even reactionary politicians can be forced to change their position and make concessions. We see the potential for mass movements developing in this coming period, as some are already on the march.

“SECULAR GOVERNMENTS IN MIDDLE EAST ARE PARTICULARLY TARGETED BY US”

What do you think about U.S. policies in the Middle East?

The U.S. has undertaken a highly-destructive, genocidal offensive for more than 25 years now since the Gulf War, in the Middle East and nearby regions. But of course, since U.S. imperialism’s emergence as the dominant world power after 1945, generally unscathed by World War II, it has continually waged one aggression after another on each continent. There are too many to mention here. With respect to the Middle East, we have been determined opponents to the U.S. wars and occupations, which of course includes its funding and backing of Israel’s genocide against the Palestinian people. Many of us — even before our Party’s formation — were involved in defying the U.S. blockade of Iraq, taking massive shipments of medicines into Iraq. We are very active in the ANSWER Coalition, Act Now to Stop War and End Racism. Every independent state, especially secular government, have been particular targets of the United States, because they are seen as obstacles to full U.S. domination of the region.

We never fail to warn of Hillary Clinton’s openly stated intentions, starting with a U.S.-imposed no-fly zone that would lead to war. It is stunning, the recklessness of Clinton and her hostilities against Russia. We have often pointed out that her foreign policy advisers and future team, if she wins, will be the most hardened neoconservatives, like Rogert Kagan and Victoria Nuland. Clinton’s doctrine draft, one of whose architects is Michelle Flourney (who may become the next Secretary of Defense), the “Campaign for a New American Strategy,” spells out the objective of expanded American dominance in the Middle East, Africa and Europe (directed against Russia), as well as eliminating the “military budget cap,” as if there were any kind of restrictions to the Pentagon’s unlimited budget!

“REVOLUTIONARIES SHOULD BE PREPARED”

What is the current economic status of U.S.? What is the solution of PSL for the economic problems of U.S.?

In addition to the fact that, according to U.S. government statistics, half of the population is poor or near poor, there are millions more who are economically insecure, who lack medical care, or who are a paycheck away from poverty. This happens at a time when the wealth of the “1%” has grown astronomically. Of course the wealth at the top is because of the capitalists’ increased exploitation over the last 30 years while wages have been stagnant for many years. The 2007-2008 financial meltdown hit the working class and poor very hard, bringing many national pensions to the brink of collapse, and 3 million families lost their homes due to bank foreclosures, and student debt grew to $1.3 trillion dollars! Yet it was the banks that were bailed out by more than $700 billion, which taxpayers had to pay for ultimately. The same speculative actions of the bankers to maximize their profits, plus the cyclical crisis of capitalism, the drop in world commodity prices of oil, minerals and other key resources, overproduction in many other industries, all this points to an inevitable new economic collapse.

Each crisis leaves capitalism and the working class worldwide in a more precarious position, while the environment suffers intensifying degradation. It is critical for revolutionaries to be prepared, to build our organizations, to deepen our roots in the working class and fight the reactionaries’ and ruling class’s solution, which is war on the workers and repression. We believe, in spite of the growing economic crisis, that there is reason for optimism, because more and more people are becoming consciously anti-capitalism, and more are open to the ideas of socialism.

We believe that only a radical transformation of society, a complete overturning of capitalism, can realize the tremendous potential of humanity, on a socialist, sustainable basis.

That was the purpose of our socialist intervention in the U.S. elections, to educate, agitate, and grow the movement on a revolutionary basis, to join in unity with all popular movements and people wanting to work and struggle for real and lasting change.

We thank you comrades for your invitation once again and opportunity to express our views. We are in full solidarity with you in your struggle in Turkey.

For full reading, the quotes were taken from the link ‘Clinton and Trump have only tactical differences’

 

 

 

USA’s Z Generation is in tendency to “Socialism”

Millennials equally dislike Trump, Clinton & Putin – but would vote socialist

A new study surveying American attitudes towards capitalism, socialism or communism found younger Americans preferred George W. Bush and Bernie Sanders than Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton and Vladimir Putin. Nearly half of Gen Z would vote for a socialist.

Over half of Americans preferred George W. Bush and Bernie Sanders among living political figures to Hillary Clinton (41 percent disapproved of her), Donald Trump (whose negative rating was 49 percent), and Vladimir Putin (46 percent negative), according to a new study titled, “Annual Report on US Attitudes towards Socialism.”

The study’s findings came from polling 2,300 Americans aged 16 and above for their opinions on differing political economic systems, and their respective leaders.

As for the general economy, 53 percent of Americans said the country’s economic system works against them, while four out of 10 Americans call for a “complete change” of America’s economic system to ensure highest earners pay their fair share of tax.

Nearly half of Generation Z (45 percent) said they would vote for a socialist, while one in five (21 percent) said they would vote for a communist.

However, many millennials are unfamiliar with communist leaders Mao Zedong (42 percent); Che Guevara (40 percent); Stalin (18 percent); Lenin (33 percent); and oddly Putin (not a communist) at 18 percent. Of those millennials familiar with Vladimir Lenin, 25 percent have a favorable view of him.

Among the study’s findings, 26 percent of Americans and 32 percent of millennials think more people were killed under George W. Bush than Joseph Stalin. Nearly seven in 10 Americans believed more people were killed under Hitler than Stalin.

The poll was carried out by the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, a nonprofit to educate this generation and future generations about the ideology, history, and legacy of communism.

With just five self-described communist countries in the world – China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea and Vietnam – younger Americans had different views of communism and socialism than their elders.

Roughly half of millennials (55 percent) believe communism was and still is a problem – compared with 80 percent of baby boomers and 91 percent of elderly Americans.

While 57 percent of all Americans have a “very unfavorable” view of communism, that view is shared by just 37 percent of millennials and 38 percent of Generation Z.

The quote from Karl Marx which underpins Marxist philosophy, “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs,” resonated with 64 percent of Americans.

But 68 percent of Americans were supportive of Milton Friedman’s quote “A society that puts equality before freedom will get neither. A society that put freedom before equality gets a high degree of both.” It was Friedman’s theories about the free market that underpinned the Ronald Reagan administration and that belief that wealth would “trickle down.”

Among those surveyed, the majority said they were moderates ideologically, 48 percent said they were interested in news and public affairs most of the time, 28 percent were born-again Christians, 51 percent were female, 66 percent were white, 32 percent were Democrat, 25 percent were Independent and 24 percent were Republican; while 66 percent were registered voters. Of those polled, 42 percent had a high school education or did not finish high school, while 31 percent at least started a college education.

Quotes were taken from RT news, https://www.rt.com/usa/363095-millennials-equally-dislike-trump-clinton/

PS: Z generation’s birth years ranging from the mid-1990s to early-2000s

The Plan To Replace Existing Humans With ”Transhuman” Hybrids | The True News

The Plan To Replace Existing Humans With ”Transhuman” Hybrids | The True News.

Michael Snyder

TheTrueNews.info

Transhumanists believe that the time has come for humans to take control of their own evolution.  Many of them are fully convinced that we can use emerging technologies to “fix” the flaws in the human race and ultimately eradicate sickness, disease, poverty and war.