New Delhi: While the world is yet to see what an alien really looks like, an Oxford study suggests that our extra- terrestrial neighbours may be more like us than we think.
Hollywood films and science fiction literature have projected aliens as other-worldly, monster- like beings and that is what we have conformed ourselves to think.
However, for the first time, the study published in the International Journal of Astrobiology shows how evolutionary theory can be used to support alien predictions and better understand their behaviour.
The same processes and mechanisms through which humans were shaped – like natural selection – is potentially what shaped aliens as well, scientists said.
The theory supports the argument that foreign life forms undergo natural selection, and are like us, evolving to be fitter and stronger over time.
“A fundamental task for astrobiologists (those who study life in the cosmos) is thinking about what extra-terrestrial life might be like,” said Sam Levin, a researcher in Oxfords Department of Zoology.
“But making predictions about aliens is hard. We only have one example of life – life on Earth to extrapolate from.
“Past approaches in the field of astrobiology have been largely mechanistic, taking what we see on Earth, and what we know about chemistry, geology, and physics to make predictions about aliens,” said Levin.
In the new study, researchers offer an alternative approach, which is to use evolutionary theory to make predictions that are independent of Earths details.
“This is a useful approach, because theoretical predictions will apply to aliens that are silicon based, do not have DNA, and breathe nitrogen, for example,” Levin said.
Using this idea of alien natural selection as a framework, the team addressed extra-terrestrial evolution, and how complexity will arise in space.
Species complexity has increased on the Earth as a result of a handful of events, known as major transitions.
These transitions occur when a group of separate organisms evolve into a higher-level organism – when cells become multi-cellular organisms, for example.
Both theory and empirical data suggest that extreme conditions are required for major transitions to occur.
The study also makes specific predictions about the biological make-up of complex aliens, and offers a degree of insight as to what they might look like.
“We still cannot say whether aliens will walk on two legs or have big green eyes.
But we believe evolutionary theory offers a unique additional tool for trying to understand what aliens will be like, and we have shown some examples of the kinds of strong predictions we can make with it,” Levin said.
After reading the news, WD has commented on it like that:
“There was no need too much study on it, I would have given some details as being an alien expert!”
I have watched the tv documentary series by Netflix yesterday night: The Confession Tapes, True East Part 1 and Part 2.
That was very good documentary. It showed how bad a judgment can be.
The episodes summery and event are like that:
The Confession Tapes, a chilling new Netflix true crime documentary series, debuted on the streaming service September 8, and the first two episodes take up the shocking case of Sebastian Burns (pictured above right) and Atif Rafay (above left), two Canadian teenagers who were accused and eventually convicted of the brutal and shocking murders of Rafay’s parents and sister in Bellevue, Washington, on July 13, 1994.
The two friends, now in their early 40s, have been serving three consecutive life terms each, with no possibility of parole, since their convictions in 2004 — a decade after the crimes. In The Confession Tapes, documentary director Kelly Loudenberg makes a compelling case that Burns and Rafay are innocent of the horrifying murders.
But if they didn’t do it, why did Burns and Rafay confess, apparently in great detail, to the crimes? Who would confess to a crime — particularly a gruesome triple murder — that he did not commit?
False confessions are the theme of the entire Confession Tapes series, with each episode documenting a case in which confessions were obtained by police using questionable and even blatantly deceptive methods — calling into doubt the guilt of the suspects who often end up convicted and sentenced on the basis of their confessions alone.
The surprising conclusion viewers may draw from the series is that false confessions are much more common than generally believed. In the case of Burns and Rafay, their confessions were elicited by undercover detectives from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) — Canada’s equivalent of the United States FBI — using a controversial technique known as “Mr. Big,” a method that was and remains illegal in the United States.
The undercover investigators posed as Mafia mobsters, attempting to recruit the two desperate and naive young men — whose lives had already been effectively ruined by the murder accusations — into their enterprise. But the phony mobsters told Burns and Rafay that first, they needed to know everything about their involvement in the murders.
According to Innocence Project expert Ken Klonsky, who has taken up the Burns and Rafay case, Burns — who was approached first — denied repeatedly that he was in any way involved with the savage triple murder.
“Their confessions to the RCMP mobsters took many months of heavy handed interviews to obtain,” Klonsky wrote in a blog post about the case.
“No juror was shown video evidence of Sebastian’s constant denials that he had anything to do with the crime, while the RCMP has disposed of almost the entire taped interrogation. What remains are the sessions that implicate Burns and Rafay.”
Burns finally “confessed” to the men he believed were mobsters, constructing a story from what he had absorbed from news media accounts of the killings, according to Klonsky. Rafay mainly echoed his friend’s “confessions.”
According to Klonsky, outside of the supposed confessions, “no hard or scientifically gathered evidence ties (Burns and Rafay) to the crime.” Despite the fact that Rafay’s family members were killed in extraordinarily violent fashion — the killer mercilessly bludgeoning the three to death with a baseball bat — no traces of blood or other evidence of the crime were found on either suspect despite five days of forensic testing.
“That seemed completely convincing – in a way that would only be convincing to an 18-year-old kid.”
In addition to the lack of physical evidence against them, Rafay and Burns had an apparently unshakeable alibi. They were seen and positively identified watching a movie at a Bellevue theater at 10 p.m. on the night of the murders. But neighbors specifically recalled hearing loud thumping noises from inside the Rafay home at 9:50 p.m., ruling out the presence of the two then-teens at the site as the killings were taking place, as the theater was too far from the Rafay home to be reached in 10 minutes flat — even assuming that Rafay and Burns did not stop to thoroughly cleanse themselves of any blood evidence.
But prosecutors simply called into question the neighbors’ memories of the time. In fact, the evidence against them was so inconclusive, that it took investigators in Washington six months to name Burns and Rafay as suspects in the murders.
During the gathering of the evidence and during the judgements I think there was important evidence (perhaps consciously not considered) that was missed.
In the days following the murders the Bellevue Police Department received three tips through other law enforcement agencies: one from Constable Gelinas with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), one from an FBI informant, and one from the Intelligence Division of the Seattle Police. The confidential RCMP informant told Constable Gelinas of a man who had been offered a $20,000 contract to kill an East Indian family that had previously lived in Vancouver, Canada and had moved to Bellevue, Washington. The informant also told Gelinas that he heard this information two days before the murders were committed. Officer Gelinas contacted Bellevue investigators Robert Thompson and Jeff Gomes—the lead investigators on the Rafay murders—and communicated the information to them. The Bellevue investigators traveled to Vancouver and knocked on this man’s door twice. He was either not home or was not answering the door. The Bellevue Police returned to the United States without making contact. About five days after the homicides, the Bellevue Police Department received a call from the FBI advising that one of their informants was coming to provide information about the murder of the Rafay family. The FBI Informant told Detective Gomes of the Bellevue Police that a militant Islamic faction said that Dr. Tariq Rafay should die because of his beliefs and teachings about the Koran. The FBI informant also said that several days after the homicides a member of this militant Islamic faction came to his house and was worried that the FBI informant had seen a baseball bat that he and some other men were carrying around in their car. Because of this, the FBI Informant believed the murder weapon was a baseball bat, which in fact it was. With this information, the Bellevue investigators learned that the FBI informant knew the identity of the murder weapon before this information was made public. The informant provided names, addresses, and phone numbers to the police. However, Bellevue investigators never followed up on these leads. The Seattle Police Intelligence Division called the Bellevue Police Department and told them they had information that al-Fuqra, a radical and militant organization, that may have been involved in these homicides. However, the Bellevue police did not follow up on this information either. They did not question any members of the Islamic community in Bellevue to find out if Dr. Rafay had conflicts with Muslims in the area.
I have searched this radical and militant organization (I think they do have terrorist organization features) called Al-Fuqra.
Jamaat ul-Fuqraa’ (alternatively Jamaat al-Fuqraa’) “Community of the Impoverished”) is an organization of mostly African-American Muslims based in Pakistan and the United States. Some of the approximately 3000 members have planned various acts of violence, often directed at rival factions.Two Al-Fuqra members were convicted of conspiring to murder Rashad Khalifa in 1990, and others are alleged to have assassinated Ahmadiyya leader Mozaffar Ahmad in 1983.
Although various members have been suspected of assassinations and other acts of terror perpetrated in the 1980s and later,and some members having been charged with conspiracy to commit first degree murder and other crimes, ul-Fuqra itself is not listed as a terrorist group by the US or the EU. It was included in a list of terrorist organizations in Patterns of Global Terrorism, a 1999 report by the U.S. State Department.
The group has been banned in Pakistan. Jamaat Al Fuqra was also involved in the planned bombing of a Hindu temple in Toronto, Canada in 1991.
Hotel Rajneesh bombing.
On July 29, 1983, Stephen Paul Paster, an al-Fuqra member, set off a bomb at the Hotel Rajneesh, a hotel in Portland, Oregon. This hotel, located at SW 11th Avenue and Main Street, was owned by the Rajneesh religious group and featured the Zorba the Buddha nightclub. Paster had several bombs and homemade napalm in his room, but one of the bombs went off in his hands while he was placing the bombs in the midst of the napalm.
Paster was almost immediately arrested after the bombs went off, as he was one of only two people injured in the explosion, which took place at 1:23 a.m. After the hotel was evacuated two other explosions occurred at 3 a.m. Paster was charged with arson due to the fire which resulted from the explosions.Paster posted $20,000 bail, but fled Oregon and was not apprehended until June 1984 in Englewood, Colorado. In November 1985, Paster was sentenced to 20 years in prison by a Multnomah County circuit judge,but was released after serving four years.
Most interesting news about Al-fuqra:
Pre 9/11 Massive Terror Plot Targetting 4,500 Hindus and Sikhs in Toronto Forgotten
Toronto’s (Canada’s largest city) terror plot of 1991 (pre September 11) has been forgotten and become a lost memory to Canadians.
The terror plot was planned by 5 Afro-Caribbean Muslims who were followers of Jamaat Al Fuqra, a Pakistani movement. They were acquitted of planning to kill 4,500 people within two buildings in Toronto. The attacks were to be done one after the other. At the time of the attack, it was seen as an isolated case but now after a series of planned attacks in Ottawa, Montreal, and Toronto it has been associated with a series of attacks by Islamist terrorists. Just two years before the first World Trade Centre bombing, and a decade before the 9/11 attacks Toronto was the potential terror plot destination of North America where thousands of people would have died had the terrorists not been on the radar beforehand.
The terror plot was set to blow out during the Hindu festival of Diwali at two separate locations one after the other. The first spot was the India Centre cinema on Gerrard Street with a 500 people capacity (most commonly occupied by Sikhs and Hindus) and the second spot was the Vishnu Hindu Temple, which has a capacity of 4000 (occupied by Hindus of mostly Indian and Caribbean descent) in Richmond Hill, Ontario.
Glenn Neville Ford, a Trinidadian convert to Islam who immigrated to Canada in the mid-1970’s is the one who started a group called the Jamaat Al Fuqra which was led by a Pakistani cleric named Sheik Mubarik Ali Gilani.
Gilani was the same man that Wall Street Journal (WSJ) reporter Daniel Pearl was supposed to meet when he was kidnapped and killed in 2002.
Ford coupled with another Torontonian from Trinidad named Max Lon Fongenie and both of them together bought a settlement land on Algonquin Park at Combermere naming it Hasanville (a small settlement for only muslim families). That same summer, the regular visitors to Hasanville where men by the name of Tyrone Cole, Robert Wesley and Caba Jose Harris—all converts to Islam, from Texas. Police stated that together they started a plan of destruction in Toronto.
In 1991, On October 3rd, Ford and the Texans attempted to enter the US through the Niagara borders where the security at the border found a sheet of paper in their vehicle stating “dying as a soldier of Allah,” as well as floor plans and maps to the cinema and temple. One of the documents in the car even led police to Brooklyn where they found a room full of guns, weapons and 2000 rounds of ammunition. According to police the four travellers were going to Brooklyn to pick up the ammunition.
8 men were accused. 1 was quickly dismissed. Fongenie escaped to Pakistan. A Brooklyn man pleaded guilty to weapons offences. Ford, the three Texans and another Toronto man, Khidr Ali, were sent to trial. The three Texans were kept in jail until 2006, for twelve years, after which they were freed. They were convicted for being members of a terrorist movement and for conspiring to commit mischief endangering life.
There are the news like that about Al-fuqra action at Toronto. It has always been said that Al-fuqra action was likely to be a preliminary experiment of 9/11.
Let’s turn back to the title question:
“Why the trial of Sebastian and Atif was made bad and wrong?”
If the whole process of judging of Sebastian and Atif, has been experienced as documented, then perhaps we should add a second additional question.
“If two 18-year-olds are the victims of this case, who does take benefit by protecting the real criminals?”
My opinion almost there is CIA behind of every islamic terrorist or radical militant organization on this planet. Of course, it’s not an empty belief of mine. It fulls with facts. Here an article about these facts: Jihad and Jihadists: So where do they come from?
In this case, it seems that the links of an organization, which is highly likely to be persuasive and evident, have been seriously and consciously overlooked. And the most striking feature of this organization is the possibility of making a preliminary experiment of horrific 9/11. Who was behind and staged 9/11?
If all the judgement proceedings continued in the same way as Netflix documented, then perhaps it is time to ask why the actual offenders are protected. And if the actual offenders are this organization of unexamined evidences, then is it not clear who protects them?
Or maybe all these are the conspiracy theories in my extraterrestrial mind, who knows?
ps: By the way, the judge of the case of Rafay and Burns seemeed like Hollywood actor. What kind of speech of his decision statement at the final! He seemed that he acted towards the cameras, haha!
for those who want to watch the series, here it is the link for online watching:
Democrats in the United States, ‘photoshopped’ the posters of socialists
The poster, which was used by the Democrats in the United States in a tweet, got the reaction of the socialists. Because the poster which belongs to the Socialism and Freedom Party was “photoshopped” by the Democrats and diverged from substance of it.
The “Democratic Party infiltration” in the USA against the Trump movement continues with tragicomic events.
As last, the Democratic National Convention (DNC) Twitter account, which celebrated Trump’s withdrawal of the health care act, used a poster with “Trump is the Symptom” written on it. Actually same poster has been made by PSL and used in 21 Women’s March in D.C.
Although the PSL poster seen in the DNC tweet retained the line “Trump is the symptom” from the original, it omitted the next two lines: “Capitalism is the disease” and “Socialism is the cure.” The PSL subsequently criticized the alteration, saying the original poster contained “the word that terrifies Democrats the most”:
Ben Becker, an organizer with the PSL’s New York City branch, said in a phone interview that the alteration was a “poorly-Photoshopped illustration” of how the Democrats interact with what he called the mass movement against Trump: “People online are using it as a symbolic representation of how many times Democratic Party politicians will co-opt activist movements from below and put themselves at the front of them or use the imagery of mass protests [and] take credit for it.”
The PSL has given the answer to question about whether or not they will take a legal step against the fraud of the Democrats. “Our response is No. This photo shows the Democratic Party leadership’s strategy of assimilating the popular movement and using it as a showcase for its own political interests.”
The PSL which emphasized “the DNC is positively an enemy, not a friend, ” continued their statements like that:
“The two major parties have jointly managed a decades-long assault on the country’s working class and most vulnerable communities. The Republicans have done so shamelessly while the Democratic leadership has done so more cleverly and cynically, wrapping their policies superficially in the language of social justice. All organizers and protesters, old and new, have to be alert to this reality, and not allow this new grassroots movement to be redirected behind their narrow electoral aims.
The Democratic Party is a party of Wall Street and the military-industrial complex and is simply not up to the task of confronting the menace of the Trump Agenda and the far-right. It is a dangerous illusion to expect the Democrats to “persist” against Trump when their whole historical record points to collaboration with the right.”
My opinion my Earthling friends, the situations like that are called as “theft” , and the people who made this, are “thieves”. It is so much clear and simple. 🙂
History is being uncovered near the Haymarket Martyrs Monument in Forest Home Cemetery. A large team of volunteers worked to recover a time capsule that was buried near the monument over a hundred years ago. Despite adverse weather conditions over the weekend, they made remarkable progress, finding a cube, believed to contain the ashes of Haymarket martyr, Oscar Neebe. Beneath this, they discovered a cylinder that appears to be the time capsule. It was removed late Monday afternoon.
This discovery caps over two years of effort on the part of local residents and archeological experts. Researchers Mark Rogovin, a labor historian, and Bleue Benton, an Oak Park Public Library research librarian, first found mention of the capsule in a Chicago Tribune article from Nov. 7, 1892. It describes a capsule being ceremonially buried under the cornerstone of the monument.
A speaker at the ceremony stated, “When generations to come dig up these records and read them, they will wonder that such barbarity could have been tolerated in the 19th century.”
“Barbarity” would describe the treatment of the eight working class leaders, who were arbitrarily blamed for a bomb that exploded on May 4, 1886, in Haymarket Square. The bomb directly killed one Chicago Police officer. Other officers and protesters were killed in the chaotic shooting that followed the explosion. The identity of the bomber remains a mystery to this day.
Nevertheless, following their trial, four of the defendants were hanged. In 1893, the Pioneer Aid and Support Association erected the monument to honor them. Prior to the monument’s construction, the capsule was buried on Nov. 6, 1892.
The Pioneer Aid and Support Association listed the contents of the capsule. It includes articles from Chicago newspapers from the Haymarket era. There was also a long list of documents from a variety of labor unions, including Beer Brewers Union No. 18, the Progressive Cigar Makers Union 160, and the Ladies Tailor Union. Reportedly, there are also documents from the Socialist Men’s Choir, the German Ladies Society and other labor organizations.
Finally, more personal items: Letters penned by the martyrs and family photographs. The list of contents is long and there is a large collection of court documents from the “Great Trial of the Anarchists in 1886.” These documents were interred with the intention of having them read by future generations.
When Rogovin learned of the capsule’s existence, he contacted archeologists in the area and organized an effort to discover its location. Dr. Rebecca Graff, a professor and fellow at Lake Forest College, led the effort.
“I was contacted by the Illinois Labor History Society,” Graf recalled. “I was actually asked to find something. It’s been a real pleasure; the degree of collaboration is delightful.”
This summer, Graff brought ground-penetrating radar to the cemetery and surveyed south of the monument. (Time capsules are traditionally buried near the southwest corner of a monument). An object matching the size of the capsule…
…Communist Party, Turkey (KP), a number of politicians, trade union leaders, intellectuals including Kemal Okuyan, the First Secretary of the Central Committee of KP, have signed a call to make a mass demonstration again in Istanbul, on September 4, 2016 under the title, ‘Do Not Yield to Religious Fundamentalism, Imperialism and Coups’.
With International Bulletins, the International Relations Bureau of the Communist Party, Turkey, shall continue to provide information on the latest developments in Turkey as well as the news about the demonstration on September, 4th.
Below you may find the manifesto of the call for September 4th.
Do Not Yield to Religious Fundamentalism, Imperialism and Military Coups
In the aftermath of the July 15, the US-backed military coup attempt of the reactionary forces, we who shall meet in the demonstration on September 4, 2016 shout out loud that we will not yield to religious fundamentalism, imperialism and coup plotting. The current developments that drag our country to the threshold of destruction are directly related with the conscious policy of the imperialist and capital forces to bury Turkey into obscurantism. In this perspective:
1) Behind both the strengthening of the coup plotters,the religious sect of the Gulenists, and the long hegemony of the obscurant power that consciously created the base that supported the above strengthening, lies the assaultive project of imperialism, the so-called moderate Islam. This project which has no other aim than hypnotizing and suppressing the peoples of the world has to be questioned in total and the ones who are responsible should be exposed and purged.
2) The public officials who use religion and religious principles or link somehow their actions to religion when in duty, are conducting a constitutional crime. Whatever their position, minister or mukhtar (neighbourhood representative), they should be punished; the individuals who use the excuse of ‘behaving according to religion’ should be dismissed from their duties and put on trial.
3) Turkey as a secular country does not need an institution that gives fetwas. The Directorate of Religious Affairs should be closed.
4) As a result of an insidious operation the religious Imam Hatip Schools are put in the centre of our educational system. This is a part of the project to create an Islamic State and actually with the latest developments, this project has hit a wall once more. Turkey has more Imams than needed, the redundant Imam Hatip Schools should be closed and the educational system should be planned on scientific and secular bases.
5) The religious sects and cults that strive to root out secularism are dark organizations nesting within the State and insidiously getting spread just like a dusty spider web. Not only the Gulen movement but all the religious sects and cults should be damned, prosecuted and purged.
6) The political and military networks of imperialism in the pass of the years are responsible for insidiously dragging our country to the threshold of disaster and, as in all coups, have played role in the coup of July 15. Turkey should leave NATO and the European Union membership process should be ended.
7) All the US and NATO bases should be seized. All nuclear weapons in Turkey and primarily in Incirlik base, one of the biggest nuclear weapon stores in the world which is designed as an explosive mine ready to erase our country from the map, should be disarmed.
8) All government officials who supported the armed jihadist forces in our neighbour country Syria, intervened in the internal affairs of this country and played major role in bringing the country in the threshold of destruction, have to be adjudicated.
9) Making available the benefits of the public sources to some individuals, arbitrarily distributing the public sources as part of incentive policies, openly plundering the facilities, institutions and foundations that in the past were in the use of the public benefit are the most significant stations in the route that dragged our country into the bog. Plunder and injustice does not only refer to the wealth of the ascertained companies and administrators of the Gulenist movement. All the domestic and foreign connections in the unjust enrichment of the enemies of the people, the plunder and theft should be inquired; the ones that backed each other while plundering the country should be called to account. The plundering network in which until the very near future there was collaboration for common political interests but in which now a politician can blame the administrator of the capital city of the country for being responsible for the plundering of half of the parcels of Ankara, has to be crumbled.
10) The statement that declares that the Fethullah movement was constituted with the decision of CIA by the hand of MIT (National Intelligence Organization) at the house of one of the richest capitalist families in Turkey, has to be inquired.
11) The abolishment of death penalty is one of the most significant and irrevocable historical gains in the history of Turkey, regarding both its political and humanistic dimensions. Using the coup attempt as an excuse to bring back the death penalty is unacceptable.
12) The oppression in the public services should be ended, unnecessary dismissals should be invalidated. Flouting the principle of judicial independence, the political practice of arbitrarily setting up pro-government cadres in public services, should be ceased.
13) The coup plotters that made the decision of a slaughter and gave instructions in this order should be uncovered with its proofs.
14) The reactionary gangs that spread terror in the streets giving the image of suppressing the coup, the ones that armed them, encouraged them and used torture should be ascertained and punished. It is very clear that these masses are not gathered together instantaneously for the sake of democracy but are so organized that they can make their own coup.
15) Openly using the excuse of the coup in the wind of ‘national consensus’, the anti-popular and pro-capitalist regulations are coming one after the other. The legislative decrees and bag laws that impose the privatization programs and the looting individual pension system, should be annulled.
16) The AKP government cannot pay the account with a mere apology for dragging the country into this condition in 14 years. Starting long years before, the Gulenist movement has undertaken dirty missions in several decades, while in the AKP rule had become a partner of the government, clearly, in an anti-constitutional way. Inquiring these years in total and specifically inquiring the actions of the AKP governments during these years and eliminating the results of the anti-popular practices are prerequisites of a real confrontation. Expecting us to believe that a religious sect is responsible for all the mess and its purge shall detoxify the state and the society, allowing the government to reinforce its power this time relying on some other religious sects, means accepting the truth of a new reactionary coup.
Yes, everything happens right now. Tonight two bridges of Istanbul Bosphorus were closed by military forces. Jets flied very low over the parliament and General Staff of Turkey. It is said thatthe Chief of Staff was taken hostage by a group which made this coup inside of army. Airportswere closed toflights. State television was seized by soldiers and they announced a notice. And a few minutes ago, Tayyip Erdogan called the people of Turkey and he said that “I call the public to the squares, we cannot leave the squares to them.”
Very interesting things happen right now. I will edit this post as soon as possible.
Battle of Marseille: Violent fans hurl missiles, clash with police ahead of Russia-England match
At least 10 people have been injured, and a man is in critical condition, after clashes broke out between hundreds of Russian and English fans in Marseille, ahead of their teams’ opening game of Euro 2016.
The head of All-Russian Fans’ Union, Alexander Sprygin, told Reuters that English fans were “drinking a lot and behaving badly” prior to the outbreak of violence outside the Queen Victoria pub in the Old Port area of the city.
By the way, according to global peace index of 2016, there are only 10 countries where not living conflict and terror events during last 10 years. These are Botswana, Chile, Costa Rica, Japan, Mauritius, Panama, Qatar, Switzerland, Uruguay and Vietnam are free from conflict. My favorite country inside them, Uruguay!!
Only 10 countries of 194 countries of planet Earth. When looking at the videos of this post, 10 is very enough for the Earthlings:)