“The human takes place in universe with its heart, not with its body” by Yasar Kemal

ykemal

I want to tell you about author Yasar Kemal, who used Turkish language best, and opened up Turkish language’s horizon.

“From his page in wikipedia“: Yaşar Kemal, 6 October 1923 – 28 February 2015) was a Turkish writer and human rights activist. He was one of Turkey’s leading writers. He received 38 awards during his lifetime and had been a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature (1973) on the strength of “Memed, My Hawk”. An outspoken intellectual, he often did not hesitate to speak about sensitive issues, especially those concerning the problems of the Kurdish people.

He was not just the novelist, except his novels he had written stories, children books, poems, some experimental books and made reportages also these were published as books. His works are more than forty.

He was a child of a Kurdish family. He was a child of a Kurdish family who emigrated from Van city during the Russian occupation in 1915 and settled in a Turkish village in Adana province. The city of Adana, in southern Turkey and close to the Mediterranean, a region famous with cotton production. In Yasar Kemal’s novels and stories, especially in this challenging geography, the oppression on the people (the oppression of the landlords), the desperation of the people, the cunning of some, the revolts, hunger and etc, are explained with socialist and realist way. While they are being explained, he uses such a rich Turkish language that the less number of Turkish writers can achieve this level.

Many people used different identifes for him. I had seen in a writing, I do not remember where now, and he was saying for Yasar Kemal, “he was the wind god of Turkish language.” I think he was right about this.

Yasar Kemal’s politic opinions have been always in left-wing. In here we can ask how was he describing his politic opinions? He was describing himself as socialist and Marxist. For this, we need to look briefly at his life. He lost one of his eyes after an accident at the age of 3.5. His father was murdered when he was five years old. Yasar Kemal, who witnessed his father murder, became a stutterer and difficult to speak until the age of 12. He had to abandon his education life in secondary school due to the financial impossibilities. I mean, he had no school life after secondary school. Until 1950, he worked as construction supervision, clerkship of farm labourer, a petiton-writer, foreman in cotton fields, water watchmen in rice fields, librarian, substitute teacher, tractor driver, in more than 20 lines of work.

While he was working in these jobs, he established relationships with many intellectual writers and artists. In the beginnings of 1940 when he was 17 years old, he was arrested for political reasons. I do not know how long he has been in jail these years, but in 1942 and after then he had a working life, so I do not think it was more than a year. In 1950, this time he was “arrested” on charges of communism propaganda. He came out of prison in 1951 and went to Istanbul. He worked as an anecdote and interview editor in the Cumhuriyet newspaper between 1951-63. Between the years 1962-1970 he was the member of Executive Committee of the Turkey Workers’ Party Central Committee, made the Presidency of the Propaganda Committee. All these years he also wrote many books.

Another law case opened against him in 1995.

“From wikipedia“: In January 1995, the German Spiegel magazine published his article with title “Lies Expedition” which told decades of repression by the state policy towards the Kurds in Turkey, describing the ongoing conflict in those days. According to the Anti-Terror Law, Kemal was accused of “separatism propaganda” and the case was filed at the State Security Court. Kemal in fact, had written that article for his book collection of “Freedom of Thought and Turkey”. The book was published in February 1997 and was confiscated on the second day and it released from the book shelves. On January 23, 1995, hundreds of people, including (some Turkish writers) Orhan Kemal, Demirtas Ceyhun, Erdal Oz and Adalet Agaoglu, went to court to support Yasar Kemal. The writer was acquitted on December 2, 1995.

Well, how was he describing his authorship?

From an interview with him (1971):
“I believe in two things. I believe in infinite power, infinite creativity, infinite change of the two things; people and nature. I do my work together with my people, in unity with its great creativity, for it. Politics can not separate from my art. Who is oppressing the people, who is exploiting them, which one, feudalism or bourgeoisie… Who is against the happiness of the people, I am with the art and with all my life, I am against it. I do not want to separate my art from people like how flesh and bone can not separate from each other. In this age I do not believe in an art that has been broken off from humanity. “

The quotes from another interview with him (1-2 May 1993):
“When we are talking about a single man’s adventure, we can not place it in the sky… It is on an earth, has in some relationships, in a social order, in a local culture… We can extend that relationships more… A person is a person in the conditions for me. We can not ignore his conditions while giving his psychology.”

I will add some quotes from his some books or interviews to explain how was his authorship. So you will understand better what a great master he was, my earthling friends.

“You should revolt against the all evilness of the world. Sometimes your goodness can also be evilness for someone else. You should also revolt against your goodness.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume I, 1955

The novel “Memed, My hawk”, which has been translated into more than 30 languages to date, is 4 volumes. Also in 1984, the novel was freely adapted by Peter Ustinov into a film.

“If I was iron I would have rotted; I have resisted by becoming soil.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume II, 1969

“While there is a fear in you and there is a righteousness in me, we cannot come together.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume III, 1984

“You cannot revive once, if you have not died hundred times at these mountains.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume VI, 1987

The following quotation is from Yasar Kemal’s novel-theater play “Canister”, 1955.

“You’re not a liar because of you trust yourself. Because of you do not know what the lie is, you will be defeat against the lie. The power of lie is not because of your weakness. The lie organised, the truth is alone. There is tradition of lie, but the truth have to be reborn every day. It needs to reopen like a dawn flower every day. You will defeat. You will taste the defeat. The truth must be defeated. The truth which did not defeat, does not regard as winner. The truth should become so sharp with defeating… Like a pebble that washed up and become smooth in a hundred thousand years under water.”

I began to like this quote in novel of “Canister” more and more over the years. Because against the countless lie propaganda in the world, the truths are always defeating. As an extraterrestrial, which has tasted defeat quite a bit, I want to say that I want to emerge the smooth pebble as soon as possible!

“The human takes part in universe with it’s heart, not with it’s body.”

“The children are human” -collect into a book of the interview series about Istanbul’s street children in 1975 by Yasar Kemal

“Those beautiful people, got on their beautiful horses and rode away. We stayed with worst of iron and with bastard of human.”

Homicide of the Ironmongers Bazaar, Novel 1973

“If the mountains, people and even death are tired, now then the most beatiful poetry is peace.”

From an interview with him

I said, “Did humanity die?”

“No,” he said, “it was not dead, not dead, but something happened, it must have been stuck elsewhere.”

“The birds have also gone”, Novel, 1978

“Not suddenly, since thousands of years, we have exhausted by leaving every piece of us on each land decreasingly by becoming smaller.”

The Legend of Binboga, Novel 1971

“We will find a language that reaches everything; that can tell something… We are not going to move around such a voiceless, hostile, bit by bit on the world.”

From one of his poem

If someone who wants to understand the Anatolian people’ social structure and people’s living conditions, definitely needs to read at least one of Yasar Kemal’ novels. If you ask me which one is my favorite novel of him, I would tell you my favorite is not inside this post. I did not put my favorite Yasar Kemal’s novel in here, because that one needs to be showed the special interest in my opinion. 😉 I will add it as one post in future, for you. But until that day, you can read one of these books that I added into my post in here.:)

Did someone say good sci-fi story?

içerik

In the year 2184, planet Earth has been ravaged by a freak meteor storm, destroying a third of the planet. But the danger didn’t end there. The storm brought with it a race of savege insect-like aliens called the Infestation.

These aliens attack all of humanity without mercy. Man-sized ants and roaches, giant-sized mantises and beetles, all raid the surviving cities to no apparent end. The only hope for humanity’s survival – a ragtag team of six young men and their advanced mechs called A.R.M.s. Now, these pilots must overcome their differences and face their pasts if they are to bring forth a new future–if they can stay alive…

Do you want to read good sci-fi story. Here it is. You can read my dear Earthling friend Omarr S. Guerrero stories on his blog,

https://wolfie25.wordpress.com/

Actually it is not to hard to find a good story. Just you have to leave this thought behind you: “the writer should be famous that I can read.” There are so many writers on planet Earth and the names of many of them is not heard. Omar is one of them. Good and enjoy reading. And thank you wolfie, for give me the opportunity to read your stories:)

Probably, Elias Petropoulos is smiling from wherever he is now

Because, according to him, Greece has lived most strong communism era in and after World War II. But the civil war has emerged. And, when Colonels Junta seized control of power, a bloody era has started. Actually he was not a communist, he was an anarchist with closer meaning. He was a contrarian inborn. He made fun of every politic stream in a way.

He was folklorist and humorist author with strong language and witty remark. Both the leftists and the rightists have got his language’s share. When the authors revolved arond the political tendencies, Elias Petropoulos didn’t care. For example Yorgos Seferis was the tongs of the power for him. He would used the “ass” and “shit” words too often. Greece has taken its share of his sharp tongue too. He had made such a definition to the democracy in Colonels Junta era as follows:

“Greeks invented democracy and sewage system. But now they both do not work; they are within the shit.”

He was tortured and imprisoned. One of the reason of his imprisoned was his books “The manual of a good thief” and “The brothel history”. His most well-known book is “The Rebetika” And, Elias Petropoulos has devoted most of his life to understand the intricacies of the underworld. When he dead, he was burned and his ashes were poured into a sewer due to his will. (He lived between 1928–2003)

And today, if Syriza will real succeed, I think Elias Petropoulos will smile. Maybe, he will use profane language for their success, but he is what he is as always.:)

Aren’t you tired of the wars yet? This is not a game; do not act like a game

Colonel Graff: We won, that’s all that matters.
Ender: No. The way we win matters.

Ender’s Game, Orson Scott Card

Actually, it does not need that the humanity looking for the enemy outer space. They create their enemy inside own species in every day. If you watch this movie or read the book with this thought, some things will become more meaningful.

Every creature including the mankind, has got right to life, even if you don’t want. Because, you don’t have the right not want of this. Don’t be remembered as a killer.

And, we love the Formics.

150-years question of the mankind: Is Mars inhabited?

via posredi.ru

In Aug. 12, 1877, New York Times had asked same question: “Is Mars Inhabited?” Why New York Times had asked? The response of this is common with the subject of Russian writer Infantiev, Porphyry Pavlovich’s book “On another planet: A Story, the life of the inhabitants of Mars”, which was printed date 1901 in the picture.

People have always wondered:
“Is there any living creatures except us?”
“Is there any living planet except us?( “Us” in here is the ownership word to planet Earth. Actually, this planet does not belong to only human being. But, the mankind like to behave always such a master of universe:))
“Is there any natural source that we can dry up from a to z except planet Earth’s sources in universe?”

Questions continue again and again…

“Is there any extra-terrestrial life on universe”question was not asked by only the scientists. This question was asked first by science fiction writers in seriously. In fact, the reason of they asked this question, was opening up the people’s horizon. How they were successful is beyond doubt. If the sci-fi writers weren’t, the mankind would have been remained as undeveloped species.

I have to add that, in fact, as we are the extraterrestrials, we do have big doubt that the priests of Inca civilization, which were slaughtered by the barbarian Hernán Cortés, may have been the first questioned men on Earth. However, we don’t have any scientific documents about this issue, and we don’t like to talk without valid data:)

Let’s go back to the book, which its cover is in the picture.

Cover writing translated in English:

On another planet

STORY

life of
THE INHABITANTS OF MARS

With detailed maps, Planet Mars

Writer_ Инфантьев, Порфирий Павлович, – Infantiev, Porphyry Pavlovich

Publishing date, 1901

I. Pavlovich (1860-1913) is a really well-known writer and ethnographer in Russia, who was author of dozens of books devoted primarily to small peoples of Siberia. However, the science fiction historians know him as the author of the book “The inhabitants of Mars”. This book, “The inhabitants of Mars” was published in first edition in 1896. Some humane issues has intervened as always:) And the book was published as censored in 1901.

In the chapter of interchanging minds the between Earthman and Martian was censored, although about the social system on Mars, have not been withdrawn. As it stands it can be assumed that the book has been described socialist society with a predominant development of science and technology.

The book was really pioneering, full of interesting hypotheses. The hero who travels to Mars with changing of consciousness, through universal Martian language, has been training which is conducted in a dream (hypnopedia), pneumatic road vehicles capable of flying and swimming on the water and under water… Martians have spread across the entire planet, not only concentrated in the cities. All electrified and gasified were automated… Comestibles are produced in laboratories by industry, for Martians preserve nature in its original. All goods produced are given in need of public stores…

A map had published also with inside the book as mentioned.

Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli who was an Italian astronomer and science historian, has made this map.

…he observed a dense network of linear structures on the surface of Mars which he called “canali” in Italian, meaning “channels” but the term was mistranslated into English as “canals.”

While the term “canals” indicates an artificial construction, the term “channels” connotes that the observed features were natural configurations of the planetary surface. From the incorrect translation into the term “canals”, various assumptions were made about life on Mars…

While the construction of canals was a favorite subject for the press. During the eight years prior, it started shipping in the Suez Canal, and two years before, it was decided to build the Panama Canal and this project was actively discussed.

It is clear that the newspersons of various media have trumpeted sensational news immediately:
“Italian discoverer has found evidence of the existence of an advanced civilization of Martians!”

By the way, the author of editorial New York Times in 12 August 1877, has alerted to the world in first time:
“Is Mars inhabited?”

What a big mistranslated, isn’t it? Since those days, humanity has been discussing “Is there any life on Mars?” The mankind has produced special projects for Mars. The cute machine Mars Curiosity Rover was made. Everything seems like to entertainment for now. But if asking the Martians thoughts,

Of course, Mars for the Martians; not for the Earthlings 🙂

Sources of quotes:

http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Инфантьев,_Порфирий_Павлович

http://fantlab.ru/autor3243

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giovanni_Schiaparelli

http://epizodsspace.airbase.ru/

map picture was taken from:

http://www.pianeta-marte.it/nasce_aerografia/schiapparelli/giovanni_virgilio_schiapparelli.htm