“When Mustafa Kemal landed in Samsun city of Anatolia on 19th May 1919, the situation of Anatolia was quite bad. People who came out wars which have been continued for long time, were tired, exhausted, and depressed. The Ottoman state was taken prisoner and Istanbul was occupied by emperialist forces. Sultan Vahideddin had no choice and was miserable.
The people who were tired from wars that have continued for long time could not taken one more war into consideration. But, when districts of Anatolia were started to occupy by westerners, and each district began to defend its property, life and honor.
Thus national forces called “Kuva-yi Milliye” was formed by Mustafa Kemal could establish an orderly army by organizing the Kuva-yi Milliye unities. Thereby, Anatolia people started straggling for their own motherland and national values one more time.”
Think about it, the world war has finished yet. Ottoman army has lost about 1,5 million soldiers, next to this figure about 200,000 troops have been captured in from Egypt to Tripoli on many fronts. There was no gun, even no food in Anatolia. While Mustafa Kemal and Kuva-i Milliye army started to Independence war with Anatolia people, they had only 3 war planes, even one of them was broken German war plane.
Under this circumstances, whole Anatolia people resisted against invader imperialist forces. According to Sevres Treaty, Anatolia has been occupied as the following map:
So, Anatolia people who had suffered great losses were struggling with the atrocities of the invader countries.
And they started a new war, their Independence War against imperialism with the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
Independence War of Turkey was not easy. There are many photographs that you can see on internet about war loses of the countries, like after WW2. But there are not so many pictures about how Anatolia has been after Independence war. People can forget or don’t remember if there is no photograph. Without photograph as if the war seems not to happen. I have found these about how Anatolia was after the Independence War of Turkey. These tell how much horrible that war. Because while the occupied countries was retreating, they burned the cities and left behind them. These are the photograps which were taken in some Anatolia cities during and after Independence War of Turkey.(1919-1922)
I hope these photographs have given some clues how much struggled Anatolia people fought in their Independence War.
A country in this shape was left into the hands of the people of Anatolia by imperialists. But Anatolia people built the new republic over it with the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
Today, 19th May, is celebrated as “Commemoration Ataturk and Youth and Sports Day” every year. Ataturk had said for this day, “19 May is my birthday.” Intrestingly, Ataturk’s real birth date is not known. And with the republic, 19 May had been recorded as his birthday to his identity card.
He always believed in youth. Almost every words of him address to the youth. Like his words of Nutuk, he trusted youth for county.
You can hear the words like that: “Ataturk is not popular for the Turkey people anymore.”
Don’t give the credits to these words. If there is something, this is the truth of the longing to Ataturk of Turkey people is rising in every year.
People, young or adult, go to Anıtkabir every national day. Huge crowds are gathering to memorialize and express gratitude for Ataturk in every city. They sing songs or marchs for him, the pictures or photographs are collecting and making posters, and many things are done. Like the video that I have shared at first line of this post. The lyric of that song: “I have never known anyone more special than you. I have never seen anyone more beautiful than you.” Like this song and video, if you write on youtube,”Ataturk cocukları” or “Izmir Marsı” (there are more but these two enough I guess) you can see that especially the young people’s longing and love to Ataturk.
This attitude of Turkey people, could seem weird for the rest of the world. They can ask: “Why the people are still keeping Ataturk in their hearts and minds almost 100 years later?”
Nobody forces Turkey Republic people to keep Ataturk in their hearts or mind. This is made without any pressure and made sincerely. Even more and more with everyday, the commitment to Ataturk is rising. (like Newton’s Third Law of Motion)
And the anwser of the question of “Why the people still keep Ataturk in their hearts and minds almost 100 years later?”: “Are you able to forget the person who gave you freedom and your honor back?”
I know this was a question-answer but it is still answer you know.;)
And happy May 19th, to the youth and to the ones who always feel and think like young!
This war against fascism was not easy, and success of Soviets at war has been trying to be ignored by European governments for last decades.
The following quotes from Kemal Okuyan, Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkey, today’s article from SoL.org:
“The US and the UK were no more innocent than Hitler Germany in imperialist competition. Nevertheless, these two imperialist countries were making unmatched maneuvers to save themselves from the responsibility of war resulting in the bloodshed of the Soviet peoples, in which they were using a “libertarian” intelligence which had neither a backbone nor a memory. We made a mistake, it was necessary to keep the sins of the United States and Britain on the agenda constantly, but when this wasn’t made, the Soviets and Nazi Germany, plus Stalin and Hitler have been became identified in same impertinence area.
During the war, the alliance between the Soviets and the United States&Britain was so temporary as imperative as for all three. It was completely rotten, because the alliance was class-based mixed. The ideology of the Alliance was absent because of the existence of opposing ideologies. The Alliance could not agree on the definition of the enemy. It was not true that between 1941 and 1945 a “front of democracy” was established against fascism. A wing of western imperialism defended its own interests, the Soviet Union itself and humanity. It was the Soviet Union that held the promises of the war for four years as well as the war, and conformed to the rules of morality and diplomacy in relation to its allies. Before the end of the war, before Germany surrendered, that were the United States and the United Kingdom, which started a new war (it doesn’t matter cold or hot). We allowed this fact to be forgotten. With this, the lie that the Soviet Union represented authoritarian and the US represents a libertarian world, grew day by day.”
The United States and its allies have embarked on a dangerous path of aggression against the government of North Korea and its allies China and Russia.
As usual, the western propaganda system presents a near unified front showing how horrible and atrocious the North Korean government is purported to be, and how murderous and ruthless and amoral their intentions are purported to be, and how their military objectives and missile programs–now allegedly targeting the ‘free’ world–are out to dominate the rest of the world, starting with their deadly missiles being launched against the United States and our ally Japan. So goes the propaganda.
Let’s look again.
The people of South Korea–a country permanently occupied by the U.S. military since 1950 with between 326,000 U.S. soldiers (during the Korean War) and closer to 30,000 annually since (with 28,500 U.S. soldiers in occupation today)–have seen massive human rights violations, repression and state terrorism. Since the first military dictator was installed in South Korea by the United States military in 1953, the Republic of Korea (ROK) has perpetrated massive atrocities against its own citizens and against citizens in other countries. This is a so-called “member of the international community.”
The Central Intelligence Agency under Allen Dulles launched covert operations in South Korea by 1950–utilizing South Korean police and other secret agents to serve the imperial “pro-democracy” agenda. The ever touted claim that North Korea launched a very clear war of aggression by crossing the 38th parallel–an arbitrary line of demarcation set up after WW-II by the United States between (then) Soviet Russia and U.S./U.N./allied forces–to invade South Korea is not born out by the facts that existed on the ground in the Korean peninsula in June of 1950. Not only are there credible reports of death squads crossing into the northern territory and committing atrocities, but the diplomatic record shows a pattern of belligerence and war-mongering on the part of the United States against the then northern ‘enemy’ that has become de rigeur for the United States all over the world since then.
THE UN-PRETTY HISTORY OF KOREA
Massive post-WW-II repression and murder (extrajudicial summary executions) by South Korean troops, with U.S. military oversight, occurred against their own people in the south, including such horrible massacres as occurred on Je Ju island 1948-1949 and were white-washed by the western propaganda and intelligence apparatus (see, e.g., the documentary film ” The Ghosts of Je Ju”). The somewhat more well-known Koch’ang incident in February 1951 involved some 600 men and women, young and old, that were reportedly herded into a narrow valley in south Korea and mowed down with machine guns by a South Korean army unit on the loosely applied claim that they were “suspected of aiding guerrillas” — these being Korean people who resisted the overt terrorism that the Korean people (north and south) were subjected to by the southern forces and U.S. troops.
The Governor of Je Ju at the time admitted that the repression of the Island’s 300,000 residents led to the murder of as many as 60,000 Islanders,” wrote S. Brian Willson, “with another 40,000 desperately fleeing in boats to Japan. Thus, one-third of its residents were either murdered or fled during the “extermination” campaign. Nearly 40,000 homes were destroyed and 270 of 400 villages were leveled.”
U.S. troops fired on crowds, conducted mass arrests, combed the hills for suspects, and organized posses of Korean rightists, constabulary and police for mass raids (reported at the time by correspondent Mark Gwyn for the Chicago Sun: see in William Blum Killing Hope).
Said one British scholar Jon Halliday at the time: “After all, if civilians could be mowed down in the South on suspicion of aiding (not even being) guerrillas–what about the North, where millions could reasonably be assumed to be Communists, or political militants?” (See: Killing Hope p. 51).
The U.S. military’s carpet bombing and chemical napalm bombing against the northern Koreans during the Korean War was murderous and unprecedented (though rivaled by the bombing of Dresden) and set the stage for the horrors that U.S. (and ROK) troops perpetrated on the people of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia in the 1960’s and early 1970’s. Some 100,000 British troops also participated in destroying and dividing the Koreas. Entire villages were obliterated, wiped off the map, wiped off the Korean peninsula. Some three million Koreans north of the 38th parallel were killed, with one million Korean people killed in the south and over one million Chinese deaths.
Come with me to the Eastern Mediterranean and beyond…
I get to experience new customs and new cultures which I feel makes me a better and wiser person. There’s a lot that we read and hear about when it comes to other parts of the world but actually visiting and experiencing another country in person is quite different. It’s a big world out there. […]
Nowadays, time flies so fast and people’s minds and memories are paralyzed by such a powerful mechanism that it becomes a necessity to remind people of the recent history more often than not.
So it is relevant to ask again: where do jihad and jihadists come from?
I am not pointing at the theological origins of the two; this does not necessarily concern the majority. The question and the problem are political. Approaching these two from a theological perspective will not yield any result but “religionalization” of the politics.
For this reason, one should not need to concern oneself with the history of the concept of bellum sacrum (holy war) which itself is old as the religions. The real question, the one that we should concern, is the origins of jihad as a “modern” political tool.
ARCHEOLOGY OF JIHAD
The term archeology was purposefully used to express this article’s main quest in seeking the conditions that gave birth to jihad as a modern political tool, the manner in which this concept/action evolved and how it was incorporated into today’s ruling system.
It can be, rather correctly, claimed that the timestamp of the jihad in its current form shows the 1970s and 80s. It is in Afghanistan where the jihad was evolved into today’s form at this time.
The origins of today’s jihad lie beneath a conspiracy organized against the Democratic Afghan Republic after the Saur Revolution in 1978, which has many similarities with today’s conspiracy against the Syrian Arab Republic in very broad terms.
The Saur Revolution in Afghanistan had many significant internal problems and conflicts. With this revolution, the laws based on sharia were abolished and a secular state was formed whereupon many reforms, to the extent that radically affected the property relations in agriculture, were implemented such as land reform, establishment of government-owned farms, recognition of trade union rights of the workers and equal civil rights to women. Also, Afghanistan adopted a friendly approach towards socialism which resulted in execution of a treaty of friendship between the U.S.S.R. and Afghanistan in December 1978.
The prevailing strategy of imperialism was then to smother all socialist-popular governments that had close ties with the Soviets at any cost and by any means necessary. For this reason, Afghanistan’s “stand” was in compliance with and hence crucial to the strategy of imperialism. Just like what was done against Allende administration in Chile in 1973 and the bloody and dirty war waged against Sandinista in Nicaragua shortly after the operation against Afghanistan started.
Readers should not take the expression “any means necessary” lightly. The most concrete example that I can think of is the scandal called “Irangate”. In 1986, the US sold weapons to Iran underhandedly and used the income from this to fund the counter-guerrillas in Nicaragua.
Let’s go back to Afghanistan… At that time, the means used to ensure the “stand” of Afghanistan was jihad.
In a short time, Pakistan, specifically Peshawar city of Pakistan, became the headquarters of the Afghani counter-revolutionary forces. Said counter-revolutionary forces being various Islamist groups inspired by “Muslim Brotherhood” and relatively smaller Maoist Organizations, such as the “Eternal Flame”.
It did not take long before these groups fell into the radar of the US. In fact, the US had already established close ties with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and its offshoots in the region starting from the 1950s which became tighter during the early 1970s whereupon use of the “Islamism” card against popular/socialist governments or social movements in Middle East emerged as an imperialist strategy.
Afghani counter-revolutionaries, who found asylum in Pakistan, were mobilized through Muslim Brotherhood and Jama’at-i Islami, an organization directly supported by the government of Pakistan. The most notable of such Afghani groups was Hezb-e Islami, founded and led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (a figure too well-known in Turkey) which acted in cooperation and collaboration with Taliban and even exchanged/shared members until very recently (September 2016).
In this period “experts” from the US started to visit Pakistan very frequently to train, supervise and guide Afghani counter-revolutionaries providing material and intellectual support in establishing the modern concept of jihad. The term mujahideen hit international headlines during this period and only as a result of these efforts. The mujahideen, i.e. jihadists, were whitewashed as freedom fighters combating the “Soviet invasion” and jihad was merely the name of this war of freedom.
“Modern” jihad and jihadists were categories devised with the funds from the CIA to fight against communism under the Cold War conditions.
In 1979, National Security Adviser to the President of US Zbigniew Brzezinski’s visit to Pakistan was the highest level of U.S. security expert visits to the country. A passage from his speech to jihadists on the Afghan-Pakistani border is quoted below. With his very famous Polish Accent, Mr. Brzezinski, told the following words:
We know of their deep belief in God, and we are confident that their struggle will succeed. That land over there is yours. You will go back to it one day, because your fight will prevail and you’ll have your homes and your mosques back again, because your cause is right and God is on your side.
During the same visit, Brzezinski also said “The purpose of coordinating with the Pakistanis would be to make the Soviets bleed for as much and as long as is possible.”
An enormous, CIA-supported propaganda machine was activated to work for triumph of Afghan mujahideen. Posters, brochures, magazines, newspapers, bulletins and so on… Though there are also materials that make fun of the Soviets and then-ruling Afghan Government, the dominant visual materials were highlights the ideal of “jihad” and the jihadists.
The jihadists, funded by imperialists, received highest level of attention. Then British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher (a.k.a. the Iron Lady) is one of the visitors of Afghan jihadists in 1981 on Afghan-Pakistani border. In her speech to 1500 jihadists, she pledges a further support of arms worth 2 Million Pounds and says that “the hearth of the free world is with you”.
Thatcher’s speech receives much applause and many shouting of Allahu Akbar.
In the year 1983, President of the US Ronald Reagan hosts representatives of jihadists in the White House. (1) In fact, the US is so tight with the jihadists that during a visit to Washington, Mohammed Yunus Khalis (once a comrade of Hekmatyar, the spiritual leader of Taliban and whom Osama bin Laden called “Sheikh Father”) invited U.S. President Reagan to embrace Islam.
The US support to jihadists, including Saudi Osama bin Laden, continued for many years.
JIHADIST GENERATIONS: “JAMIL WENT TO THE JIHAD”
In the post 9/11 era, the US support to jihadists has become a hot topic in U.S. newspapers. One of the most significant findings of these discussions was that the US did not roll up jihadists from existing Islamists but also raised children to create new generations of jihadists in a way that will “secure” the future of jihad.
Well, education, of course!
The “Education Center for Afghanistan” located in Peshawar, Pakistan and run by Afghan mujahideen was basically an offshoot of the Nebraska University of the US and the Center of Afghan Studies of this university. It was the Ministry of Education of jihadists in exile. The center was publishing books and giving “education.” The textbooks distributed by the center had been prepared by the Nebraska University. In the year 2002, the Washington Post exposed that the university received a funding worth of 51 million USD between the years 1984-1994 solely for this purpose.
What about the contents of these books?
The most notable study on the subject was published by Craig Davis in World Policy Journal in the year 2002. In this study, Davis examined the contents of the textbooks in Afghanistan. From the first-grade alphabet textbook, prepared by US, he shared the following examples of teaching Farsi to future mujahideen jihadi-style(!):
Alif (A) is for Allah- Allah is one.
Bi (B) is for Father (baba)-Father goes to the mosque.
Pi (P) is for Five (panj)- Islam has five pillars.
Ti (T) is for Rifle (tufang)- Javad obtains rifles for the mujahideen.
Jim (J) is for Jihad – Jihad is an obligation. My mom went to the jihad. Our brother gave water to the mujahideen.
Dal (D) is for Religion (din) – Our religion is Islam. The Russians are the enemies of the religion of Islam.
Zhi (Zh) is for good news (muzhdih) – The mujahideen missiles rain down like dew on the Russians. My brother gave me good news that the Russians in our country taste defeat
Shin (Sh) is for Shakir – Shakir conducts jihad with the sword. God becomes happy with the defeat of the Russians…
Zal (Z) is for Oppression (zulm)- Oppression is forbidden. The Russians are oppressors. We perform jihad against the oppressors.
Vav (V) is for Nation (vatn)- Our nation is Afghanistan. The mujahideen made our country famous. Our Muslim people are defeating the communists. The mujahideen are making our dear country free.
How do you think the C.I.A taught counting to the Afghan children? Here are some pages from mathematics book:
Thanks to the mathematics textbook prepared by the Nebraska University, Afghan kids learn their numbers through pistols, bullets, knives, landmines and bombs. What an exemplary pedagogical approach!
Some examples given in the mathematics book about four modes of operation are given below:
If out of 10 atheists, 5 are killed by 1 Muslim, 5 would be left.
5 guns + 5 guns = 10 guns
15 bullets – 10 bullets = 5 bullets
One last example from fifth grade literature arts textbook the text titled “Hikayat” starts with:
Dear students, I will recount the story of crimes committed by atheist Russians who invaded our lands due to carelessness of a group of mujahideen. Listen carefully and comprehend the results of carelessness and indifference.
Once this situation was exposed and given US’s engagement in re-establishment of its hegemony with the “war on terror” concept, various projects were launched to remove the violence elements from these textbooks. UNICEF destroyed more half a million books and new text books were published. Yet, it is reported that the old text books are still used by Taliban even if not by the central Afghan government and can be easily found even in Kabul.
JIHAD AS THE MODERN WEAPON OF IMPERIALISM
Naturally, this was not a project limited to Afghanistan. It is not mere coincidence that names of a series of Central Asian countries, the Region of Caucasia and Eastern Turkistan were mentioned after the recent assault to the Nightclub Reina. Similar “indoctrination” was implemented in all of these regions. It was spread to surrounding countries from Afghanistan and Pakistan, both of which are bombed today on a daily basis by the US in the pretext of “war on terror”.
One should not look further than imperialist centers to spot the source point of jihad and jihadists and, in general, Islamism. U.S. journalist Ben Norton explains:
It is not a coincidence that most of the secular countries in the history of the Middle East have been socialist of some sort. In contrast, the most reactionary countries — the countries where women are not granted equal rights and where the rule of law is based on Sharia — have frequently tended to be close Western allies. Why? The West was much, much more interested in preserving capitalism than it was in allowing secularism, gender equality and relative economic equality to flourish under socialism.
Therefore, we can conclude that, even if use of the adjective of “modern” seems oxymoronic, jihad and jihadists are both dirty weapons armed in very recent history of imperialism and unleashed to sustain capitalism.
Declassified documents reveal U.S.-backed Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet used Nazi training and support for Operation Condor activities.
A top secret 1979 report to the U.S. Foreign Relations Committee reveals U.S. backed Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet had help from former Nazi’s in training and supporting his Operation Condor activities.
The declassified report, released on Dec. 12 by the Obama administration, describes the extensive ties between a Nazi “colony” based in Southern Chile and the notorious Chilean secret service DINA, which helped create and operate the deadly multi-state Operation Condor intelligence operation designed to destroy opposition to U.S. backed right-wing regimes in Latin America.
The report outlines that the Chilean Directorate of National Intelligence, DINA, which was created in 1974 to exterminate the left-wing opposition to Pinochet’s dictatorship and reported directly to the President, maintained a “close liaison with the German Nazi colony of La Dignidad in Southern Chile” and even operated a torture center within the Nazi base.
The report describes that the Nazi compound, referred to in the report as “The Colony,” was established by former Nazi officers at the close of World War II and operated with “complete autonomy.” Camp personnel, made of ex-Gestapo or ex-SS officers, gave DINA agents “instruction in torture techniques and have actually taken part in the application of that torture,” according to the report.
The report further details that as DINA developed Operation Condor’s extensive international assassination network, it made use of “the Colony’s national and international contacts,” and that “the Colony’s leadership maintains good relations with Chilean military officials, particularly officers of the Chilean Air Force, who have close ties to the Colony’s former Luftwaffe pilots.”
The report, which was submitted to the U.S. Foreign Relations Committee, which at the time included current U.S. Vice President Joe Biden and was chaired by Frank Church, who authored the Church Committee report detailing the U.S.’s own international assassination operation, outlined the vast scope and ambition of Plan Condor operations.
Based in Chile and created by former DINA director and Pinochet’s close personal friend Manuel Contreras, the report describes Plan Condor as “a consortium” of the intelligence services of U.S.-backed dictatorships in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
The report quotes Contreras as saying Plan Condor agents operated under civilian control in “all Chilean embassies abroad” with a goal of “hitting Chilean enemies in those countries.” The report quotes Contreras, a former paid CIA operative who died in 2015 while serving a 500-year sentence in Chile for his crimes, as saying “We will go to Australia if necessary to get our enemies.”
However, the report shows that Contreras’ first stop was, in fact, the U.S. itself. While the report does not give details of U.S. involvement, it admits that before creating Plan Condor, Contreras came to the U.S. in the early days of DINA to seek out support in creating the intelligence network. The report says Plan Condor even attempted to create a “station” in Miami, but when U.S. agents found out and advised issuing a formal diplomatic objection, U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger objected, instead deciding to inform Plan Condor directors directly that the U.S. “disapproved” of a Miami station.
While the report claims the Miami Plan Condor station was never created, it does describe in detail the “phase three” operational plan likely used to assassinate former Chilean Ambassador to the U.S. and key Pinochet opponent Orlando Letelier, in Washington, D.C., in 1976. It suggests a similar process was used to target Venezuelan guerrilla Carlos the Jackal in France and Portugal, a plan which was eventually called off after European diplomats discovered the plot and raised objections.The report is just one of what the National Security Archive — an independent nongovernmental research institute and library based in Washington, D.C. — says are hundreds more documents about Plan Condor operations set to be released in the coming months.
Chile’s DINA and Plan Condor operations are thought to have led to the death and disappearance of 50,000 people throughout Latin America during the 1970s and 1980s.
SS Colonel Walter Rauff: Mobil gas chambers (gas van) inventor, he caused about 100,000 people death in WW2
And, I gave up! I realized now that about two hours I searched the names of Nazis in Chile in English and Russian web pages. Only two of them, so only two names (Schäfer and Rauff) of about 1000 Nazis in Chile as you see upper lines, are written on the web pages.
Where are the others’ names!
Is this something about German society in Chile before WW2? While I was searching I’ve learnt that in a considerable number German ethnic people who borned between 1880-1890 in Chile, they went to Nazi Germany during the WW2 by joining to Wehrmacht for fighting. Also, I have no idea how their families went to Chile about 130 years maybe more years ago and why! Crazy planet!
Paul Henze who was Turkey chief of the CIA in the 1970s, was close to the generals who made this military coup. He gave the military coup news to Jimmy Carter with saying “Our boys in Ankara have done”. He was mentioning the generals while saying “our boys”.