Some things

The above interview is an interview was broadcasted on the “Our Studio” program on February 28, on “Direction Radio”. Of course, the Turkish speakers can listen. But today I have translated this interview into English, with my great language skill:), by serving to humanity without neglecting my duty to them, for you.

Radio interviewer, Ulas Can
Guest participant, Kemal Okuyan, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Turkey

Interviewer: Now we will talk about Stalin on this part. Why we will talk about Stalin? Because a movie came to the theaters. Actually this issue started a little over it: “The death of Stalin.” We will talk about this with the author of the book “To understand Stalin” and General Secretary of the Communist Party of Turkey, Kemal Okuyan. Mr. Okuyan, “hello”.

Kemal Okuyan: Hello, how are you?

Interviewer: We’re fine, thank you. Are you all right?

Kemal Okuyan: We’re trying to be good. Yes.

Interviewer: I did not watch “The death of Stalin” movie. I do not think to watch. But a bit of controversy has been going on in the past few weeks. One of our theater players went to this movie, who is also liked by the left circles. And he tweeted such as “You see, the dictators will end up like this,”. Anyway, I will not dwell on that subject. Still people continues strive against Stalin. It’s been 64 years since his death. But as we used yesterday in introduction, their enemies still do not to leave him in peace. I’d like to start first from here: Why there is so many enemy of Stalin?

Kemal Okuyan: When we look at the 20th century now, we see that mankind is in a great struggle. In other centuries, tough quarrels were made, but in the twentieth century, there were two great wars of humanity. Fascism were experienced. It experienced in many countries of Europe, not only in Germany. And 20th century was a cross-section of very sharp conflicts, wars, coups, civil wars. That has been a result of this cross section. When the twentieth century was over, a system which was a hope in the name of humanity was destroyed in those fights; the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. It was collapsed, but humanity was not pleased and not satisfied with the closing of the 20th century. There is a seeking. Naturally, in its seeking, it is trying to hold on to icon events, symbolic countries, symbolic leaders of the 20th century.

They have to destroy them. So, they are the forces which demand the continuation of today’s order, today’s status quo; which they are imperialism, monopolies in the world, are the circles of capital. They have to destroy some positive elements of human history, from the memory of mankind. In fact we see another example when we look at Turkey. For example, Turkey has a war of national independence. I do not want to go into some discussion here. But, why it is struggled against the Independence War of Turkey? Why they strive against its figures, like Mustafa Kemal? Because, today they want to destroy it; they want to erase that historical era from the memory of the society.

Now, when looking from here, Stalin has such an importance like that. For a very long time, Stalin led the Soviet Union. The founding leader of the Soviet Union is undoubtedly Lenin. But Lenin’s leadership in the Soviet Union actually lasted 5 years; after he was sick, then he died in 1924. From 1924 to 1953, Stalin was the leader of the party, has put his signature almost all the major turning points in the Soviet Union. Now, whatever they want to do in here, there is a fact; into his period the Soviet Union made great breakthroughs. Look, industrialization, that is, they passed from a ruined farming country to a developed industrial country. A significant part of the inequalities, I am not saying all, but they have removed a significant part of inequalities. There was no one, hungry, homeless, unemployed. There was a tremendous mobilization in terms of health and education. An educated society emerged. And while doing this, they were in war in almost 2/3 of these dates.

Interviewer: Yes

Kemal Okuyan: And they were exposed to the most brutal attack of the world. This society has come out of this attack on its feet. In 1945, Stalin was idolized not only in the Soviet Union but also in Europe and even in the United States. Also for non-communists he was a hero. And that was not because only he did overcome Hitler, also due to he ensured to stand on a country’s own feet. Now they have to destroy it. So, they are spinning around… Look, are we constantly bringing Stalin or other values to our schedule or in our explanations? Are we crazy? We will always look back? But they can not give up. Because they have to go back and carry on this fight all the time. Why? They have to remove the memory of mankind. It’s the issue.

Interviewer: Of course, the memory is not removed in a day. Maybe that should be said those. Because of you talked about the Second World War, this came to my mind. Over 20 million Soviet citizens in World War II…

Kemal Okuyan: 27 million

Interviewer: Yes, 27 million Soviet citizens are losing their lives. Of course, it is not right to compare losses, but how many US or British citizens have lost their lives in the war? If we look at these numbers, we see how much big sacrifice the Soviet Union made, and they prevented the transformation of the world. We can see that they prevented Hitler’s capture of the world. Is it correct?

Kemal Okuyan: Yes

Interviewer: But I do not remember a movie about it. I mean, at least I do not remember a movie that everyone can remember. But there are a lot of movies about how the Americans or the English defeated Hitler in World War II. Young people think that the second world war is this way. So America and England came, they fought together, they beated Nazi Germany. They think the Soviets possibly was ally with them.

Kemal Okuyan: Some also think that the United States fought against Germany and the Soviets. So, there is a foolish society. Look, it is being continuously said the lie. The best proof of this is, in fact, a saying from Churchill, who was one of the world’s well known anti-communists. Churchil says that:
“Facts in the war are very valuable. But near to those facts, you need to add an army of bodyguards that consists of lies.”

Thereby you are right. The role of the Soviet Union in the Second World War is being tried to hide by the west. They have to. Why? Because humanity is unhappy. Now in Russia, the Soviet Union has been demolished for many years, it was demolished in 1991. When you go to Russia, you see there, and at there they could not stare down. It is said many lies about Stalin, it is said Stalin was murderer-dictator, but today half of Russian society sees Stalin as the most important idol of Russian history. Those who want to explain this with nationalism, have a problem like that: Stalin is not Russian. Georgian. Therefore, there is a leader that people have trust. To be liked or not. Now they are trying to destroy it. Because this leader was representing another social order.

If there was any leader, it would have been suited their book. They would have said, “such a great person has lived in history, was an important leader, need to respect.” But it is not like that. He symbolized the opposite of the capitalism and anti-thesis of today’s established order and he has always fought for it. Like I said, his mistakes, deficiencis are the other issues. In fact, they are not fighting against the Stalin’s mistakes, but they are fighting against the historical mission that Stalin carries. So nobody deceives himself. I’ve watched some parts of the movie, as much as I could find on the internet. It’s a very poor movie. Because I have seen that they gathered many things after Stalin’s death, with some truths and some gossip, they tried to create a parody from them in movie. Sloshy. It is bad in artistic meaning. Humor is bad in it. There is no need that people who were respected in here to say that the dictators would end up like this. The end of the dictators is being like Musollini. Anyone remember Musollini? Half of mankind today is not convinced of the lies about Stalin. This is a very important thing. There is so much propaganda, and this propaganda adverses effect.

Interviewer: In fact, I do not want to go into very detailed internal discussions, but Stalin’s debate begins immediately after his death; is it correct? If it needs to say a few words about it. At the 20th party congress, Khrushchev coming. And the first thing he did was to criticize the list. So although the downfall of the Soviets is actually thought to be with Gorbachev, there was a beginning at there, right?

Kemal Okuyan: Of course, it is very difficult to explain this in a limited time, but in the year of 1956, three years after Stalin’s death, Khrushchev took the leadship of the party in the Soviet Union, to get along well with the west… There’s something very interesting here.

Interviewer: I tried to ask you, to uncover it.

Kemal Okuyan: Yes. Sometimes, some burdens can not be carried. What makes Stalin important is that he is a leader in a country where comes up from behind and known the superiority of western imperialism, but nevertheless tries to be independent and goes to on own way. When we look at Khrushchev, his battery ran down. It is not only Khrushchev’s, but the accompanying team of him that it was hardly possible to struggle against western imperialism of them as an eye for an eye. So, the first thing they done is that this is exactly the crafty, something that will not work, to sell themselves to the west. They were supposed that western imperialists will not come over the Soviet Union. So the first thing he done, Khrushchev said in sort of, “I’m not like Stalin; I discredit the leader you’re most afraid of,”.

And he does this so badly that there is no criticism there. There are a lot of gossip. Later, it turned out that 90% of these rumors were lies. But Khrushchev gave this in the gold platter: “We sold a very important leader.” That’s the way it is. After that, it is very difficult for the Soviet Union to survive. I do not say destruction was its fate. But this mistake, try to look cute to western imperialists, to think that they will be in peace with them side by side, to think they can go for many years with them, and to think westerners’ plans will give up to destroy the Soviet Union, is foolish. They made the biggest mistake that could be. Even if Putin, for example, is a capitalist and an anti-communist politician, but he is very careful about Stalin. He’s trying to not criticize Stalin openly. Why? Because when he makes that, it will lead to another. In this time, they will say that Putin is the dictator, you are dictator too. Today there is competition between the United States and Russia for other reasons.

Interviewer: You are possibly visiting Russia. Stalin is still in Russia, so as you have mentioned, a beloved character, leader.

Kemal Okuyan: Beyond love. Something like that. There is both love and tremendous longing and seeking trust. Now on the wall of the Kremlin are the graves near by Lenin’s mausoleum. When you go there, if go to 1:00 am or go at 6:00 in the morning, it does not matter. One of these graves does not appear due to the flowers. This is Stalin’s grave. The Soviet Union has already collapsed. This is not something that will make with order or government decision. And I will tell you about a second grave. In the same way, the top of grave is full of red carnations. It is the tomb of Nazim Hikmet. It’s in somewhere else. However, flowers are always on the grave of Nazim Hikmet. There’s a real love here. They are the people who are dead anymore. It can not be explained with fear, fanaticism. So these lies are upside down. Someone who’s been said many lies about himself, are more protected by people. I will also tell this to you from our aspect. This is not the problem of todays. But we have such a problem. If we allow some events in history to be distorted, it is not just the Stalin issue. Today, for example, fifty thousand lies have been said about Syria. They are said in the United States, Turkey, in England end etc. If we overlook them, we allow the distortion of facts, with this or that reason, if we surrender to this campaigns, neither in Turkey nor in the world we can stand up. We have to beat the lie. Stalin has positives and negatives, but 90% of the writings about him are lies. Openly lies. Moreover, they are proven lies. They are trying to create a world through it. Humanity will not allow this.

Interviewer: We thank you very much for your participation in our broadcast…

Kemal Okuyan:Thank you too. Also, greetings to the listeners of Direction Radio, from here.

After listening this interview with WD, I have asked to WD.

-What do you think about this?

WD: Members of the Soviet Communist Party in the 1950s were gossipmongers.

-You understood only this?

WD: Yes. If they had been in this era, they would have made the best gossip tv-shows on tv!

-You too would have participated in that programs.

WD: Why?

-You’ve gossiped a lot of time about me till today. You are kind of expert about gossip. You just did not speak, also you wrote them in here on our blog.

WD: That is a different issue. You are an ailen, and my writings are real, not gossip. Don’t overcome me Migo! Shall we go out?

-All right.

WD: Can you buy me ice cream, Migo?

-No. Because it’s harmful to a dog’s health.

WD: It is a gossip, Migo. Well… just one lick from your ice cream?

-No.

WD: Damn you, Migo!

– 😎

Instead of being the court jester, he has been the man of the people

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A scene from “Yol” movie. Tarik Akan words at picture with English translation: “You guys, have put us in blacklist as ‘revolutionary’, but history will put you in blacklist as ‘traitor’; this is the difference between us.”

Tarik Akan who was one of the best actors of the Turkish movies, has died today. He was 66 years old, and he has been receiving the lung cancer treattment for a while. His movie career has begun in 1971. Actually he had a degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yıldız Technical University, Istanbul, but he had entered a contest of the Turkish famous magazine called Ses and came first. In a short time, he has become one of the most handsome players at Yesilcam(Turkey’s Hollywood).

In the first years he played mostly the roles for the love and poor-rich movies, except the movie of Hababam Sinifi (The Dunce Class). But his leftist ideas outweighed the earning money from popular movies.

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A scene from The Dunce Class movie; Tarik Akan is standing up with the blue sweater in the middle of the class

And he started to play into the films which gives the social messages. Tarik Akan had said in an interview: “I was an artist working connected with Ertem Egilmez(he was the Turkish director). Egilmez also captured rich and poor films. One day I said to Ertem Egilmez “I was tired of these films”. Because I did not know the characters I played. I was not a rich kid. I wanted to do something else…”

With this decision, he showed his face with Maden (Mine) movie with a coal miner role in 1978. Mine movie tells about the mine workers and a revolutionary in a coalmine and their actions against the mine’s boss.

Tarik Akan had been arrested in early 1981 when he returned back to the country from Germany, because of a speech he made in Germany immediately after September 12 military coup in Turkey. He stayed in prison many months. He has been tortured, and he had told his memories about those years into the book “Mother, there is the louse in my head.” which was written by himself in 2002.

But he never gave up! He continued to play at the movies which disturb the powers. He has got great success with his role in the “Yol” movie in 1982. Also he has won numerous awards from various festivals including Cannes and Berlin, during his life time.

His revolutionist side and his attitude being by the public have not changed, even if the years passed.

For example:

While Ergenekon-Balyoz cases were continuing, out side of the court at Silivri (the cases were tried in there), the crowd people were making protest demonstrations. All court building and prisons inside were surrounded by police barriers. And many people wanted to go inside while the cases opened. Government used many tear gas and violance to them in many days.

Tarik Akan has been there! He went to there to support to the peoples. And when he went to there, he tried to bring the military police barriers down!

Here, his picture at that day in 2012.

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The writing on the picture in English: “He went to bring the barriers down at his birthday.” Tarik Akan is the grey hair man who pushes the barriers at picture.

Yes, that day was his birthday. And this was the way of his celebration to his own birthday: To be with the people of Anatolia!

Anatolia lands lost many valuable people especially during last years. I don’t know maybe the world is going to bad end with high speed and people understand these people values more than before; and maybe feel more their absence anymore…

I am sure with Tarik Akan’s absence, many people of Anatolia in many public demonstrations at future, will look at the empty road with sadness and with thinking:

“If Tarik Akan had been here, we would not have felt alone…”

Rest in peace, beatiful human!

 

Some spying affairs

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Pigeon spy (They were used generally at WWI)

The things which will tell in here are not a movie. If they are, I would already ask to Paul, because he is the best movie critic I know on this planet. First came into my mind, maybe  James Bond; yes he is the most famous British spy character all over the world. Handsome, intelligence sometimes cool sometimes sympathetic. Most beautiful women are waiting to go to bed with him; this is the popular dream of human males:) Bond arouses admiration. Come let’s study some sub-psychology, and we see how British Imperialism puts the world in a shape what they want, while they make the people admire to the spying business.

The quotes in here were quoted from today’s article of Yılmaz Ozdil who is columnist journalist at Turkish Sozcu newspaper.

At the article we can see many spy including Gertrude Bell who is known as “Queen of the Desert”.

I don’t know yet previous dates, but the first name which we face to is John Philby at the article.

The author the book of “The Empty Quarter” John Philby, was a British spy. He knew Arabic like his mother tongue. Supposedly he has been Muslim. He took the name “Sheikh Abdullah”. While we were struggling in the Gallipoli with the British(1915-1916), he was sent to Mecca to assist the Sheriff Hussein who opened the rebel flag against Ottoman. On one hand he organized Arabs who stabbed in our backs, the other side he picked up the concession for the British oil companies, also he has sold historical artifacts to England museums by swiping; he made a fortune.

When he returned to England, he entered into politics, but he was not be elected, he offended. He switched sides in the Second World War, he started to sell the knowledges about his own country, he worked for Hitler on the sly. He was caught, arrested some time later; after he was under house arrest. When the war finished, he left England, he moved to Lebanon. He died because of heart attack. He was buried in a Muslim cemetery in Beirut.

John Philby’n had a son: Kim Philby. He was a graduate of Cambridge like his father, he knew Arabic as fluently, he was a spy also. In 1947, he was sent to Istanbul as consulate secretary. He was tasked with the liaison of CIA and MI6 at Washington. He was recorded at Cold War history as “spy of the century”. Because he was working as double agent. He was the mole. He was recruited by the Soviet secret service, he was selling information to Moscow. He was suspected and was followed. But somehow he couldn’t catched, and he was fired. He went, like his father, he moved to Beirut. Supposedly he was a journalist.

After quite some time, in 1961 Anatoliy Golitsyn who was KGB officer has defected to the United States; Golitsyn sang like a canary*. He disclosed the secrets of Kim Philby. Evidence sought was found finally. Kim Philby who understood that the rope of British will twine around to his neck, went Armenia via Syria, and from there he fled to Russia.

Earlier, he was divorced from his two wife, one of them was a British, the other one was an American. In this time he has married to Rufina Pukhova who was Russian writer, Polish origin. His life has been novel, was filmed in Hollywood. He has been an alcoholic. He tried to commit suicide twice, he couldn’t be succeed. In 1988 he passed away due the heart attack like his father. Russia made a postage stamp for his memory.

After his death, it appeared that while he was working in Istanbul, he delivered Konstantin Volkov who was an officer of KGB and worked in Istanbul consulate general in the USSR and who wanted to emigrate to England, to the KGB with his own hands with master maneuvers. Because there was a mole list into Volkov’s bag, and Kim Philby was written at the top of the list!

If we return again to his father of Kim Philby spy as himself. John Philby who organized Saudis, he was carrying out the organization of Iraq with a woman who has name Gertrude Bell.

Gertrude was a spy. She was a graduate of Oxford. She knew very well seven languages including Turkish, Arabic, Persian, Kurdish. She was very nice. Red hair, green eyes, delicate. She was flaring light around herself. Under the cover of archaeologist’s works she toured every inch of Mesopotamia, she organized tribes. In 1919, she participated as a delegate to the Paris Peace Conference. She has mapped Middle East. She divided the regions as Kurds, Arabs, Turkmen. She drew the borders of present-day Iraq with her hands. Iraqi border which was signed between Turkey and England in 1924, was her work. She also found a king. The son of Sharif Hussein who was John Philby’s buddy, Faisal was sat on the throne of Iraq as a puppet.

Arabs named her “Queen of the desert,”. Never married. She was in love actually. She was in love with Major Dick Doghty-Willie. Misfortune thing was that the Major has married. They sent letters with eachother secretly, they were meeting. But Major Dick was not divorcing from his wife, Gertrude was getting depressed. The issue has solved by us(Turks). We hit Major Dick at Dardanelles Wars(Gallipoli) and the man died. In this way, it did not need to be experienced of any family tragedy.

Gertrude’s hatred of Turks had started with this event. When her lover died, she threw herself to Cairo, she joined the Arab office of the British secret service. She went to Iraq to get things done that I outlined above. Firstly she dug a pit for us(Turks), after she caused the death of herself. In 1926, at the age of 58 by taking an overdose of sleeping pills, she committed suicide. She was buried in the British cemetery in Baghdad.

Before killing herself, she came to Anatolia in many times under the cover of archaelogist’s works. She knew our weaknesses about women, she used this well, she ensured the doors open. It wasn’t enough, we gave a guidance next to her for her walking around as she wanted. She made her work as best. She went all Anatolia cities, including Diyarbakir, Adana, Konya, Cappadocia and etc. Even she climed Cudia Mountain. She listed Kurdish villages. She detailed the Kurdish tribes according to their tendencies; which ones are in favor of government, which are available to betrayed, she took off genealogy. Where are dims, where the transition roads, she did map all. For example, in a letter “I stayed in the Zakho camp,” she was saying. Do you remember the Zakho camp!**

She went to Antioch(Turkey city at Syria border). She made excavation at Karkamıs. At the border of Syria where we see what has become today, she reported the ethnic origins of the populaton while she said “I am visiting churches at the Syrian border”. When she died, she left the 16 diaries with her handwriting, about two thousand letters and seven thousand photos.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk stepped on the land from Samsun city (at the shore of Black Sea) for starting the liberation war. Gertrude has leaked to Anatolia four months later and came to the city of Malatya(eastern Anatolia city). She met with Major Noel who was an British spy and tried to gather Kurdish tribes. While she tried to another eastern city Elazıg she was caught by independence army of Mustafa Kemal(Their name is Kuva-i Milliye). She has been learned Kuva-i Milliye was not like the Ottomans. And she was not able to come Anatolia until the independence war end.

I said before, she never married. But she was sort of mother. Because there was a man who she said “my spiritual boy”: He was Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence. Also he is known, Lawrence of Arabia.

She raised him as own son, she guided to him, she has been mentor for him and she introduced him with influential people. Lawrence of Arabia was saying for this woman who was just bigger himself 20 years: She is no different from my mother, I learned everything I know from her.”

The king of Saudi who gave the medal to Tayyip Erdogan and Abdullah Gul at his hotel where he stayed, he restored Lawrence house in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. And the Saudi king hung a plate at the door of this house with the huge letters “This house is the headquarters of Lawrence who helps us to fight against the Turks”.!

Anyway, the life of Lawrence of Arabia who died in 1953 with motorcycle accident while he was only 46 years old was made a film. It came to the theaters at 1962, it won Oscar in seven categories including best director. By the Library of Congress of USA, because of the historical value, it was taken under protection of the National Film Archive.

However…

It hasn’t been “The End”.

Gertrude Bell’s life also was made the film. Oscar awarded star Nicole Kidman played legend woman spy at the movie of “Queen of the Desert”. It was shot in Morocco and in Jordan. Five thousand figurant was used.

This friday the movie will come to the theaters.

What a coincidence, isn’t it?

*”singing like a canary” is phrase in Turkish and it is using for the ones who are talking too much and giving too much knowledge under hard circumstances.

**Zakho camp: One of the camps of PKK terrorist organization.

The guotes from:

http://www.sozcu.com.tr/2016/yazarlar/yilmaz-ozdil/kutul-ammare-1213317/

Aren’t you tired of the wars yet? This is not a game; do not act like a game

Colonel Graff: We won, that’s all that matters.
Ender: No. The way we win matters.

Ender’s Game, Orson Scott Card

Actually, it does not need that the humanity looking for the enemy outer space. They create their enemy inside own species in every day. If you watch this movie or read the book with this thought, some things will become more meaningful.

Every creature including the mankind, has got right to life, even if you don’t want. Because, you don’t have the right not want of this. Don’t be remembered as a killer.

And, we love the Formics.

What does it take to make an apocalypse?

“The first casualty of war is innocence”…Platoon/Oliver Stone

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Francis Ford Coppola’s ‘Apocalypse Now’; first featured on ‘Talking History’, Newstalk 106-108 FM.

The blades of the helicopters audibly slap the air as they fly in low over the open water. The orange sun at their backs sends their shadows racing ahead. Suddenly the sky erupts in Wagner’s Ride of the Valkyries, the booming tune terrorising those on the ground as the Vietnamese village and surrounding jungle are consumed in waves of napalm, rockets, and gunfire. On the beach American soldiers surf among falling mortar rounds.

Since its release in 1979 Francis Ford Coppola’s Apocalypse Now has had a massive impact on today’s popular perception of the Vietnam War. This scene in particular informs a great deal of our accepted vision of this conflict with its image of boys who’d rather surf than fight flying into combat for the amusement of an officer who laments that ‘someday this…

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