“The human takes place in universe with its heart, not with its body” by Yasar Kemal

ykemal

I want to tell you about author Yasar Kemal, who used Turkish language best, and opened up Turkish language’s horizon.

“From his page in wikipedia“: Yaşar Kemal, 6 October 1923 – 28 February 2015) was a Turkish writer and human rights activist. He was one of Turkey’s leading writers. He received 38 awards during his lifetime and had been a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature (1973) on the strength of “Memed, My Hawk”. An outspoken intellectual, he often did not hesitate to speak about sensitive issues, especially those concerning the problems of the Kurdish people.

He was not just the novelist, except his novels he had written stories, children books, poems, some experimental books and made reportages also these were published as books. His works are more than forty.

He was a child of a Kurdish family. He was a child of a Kurdish family who emigrated from Van city during the Russian occupation in 1915 and settled in a Turkish village in Adana province. The city of Adana, in southern Turkey and close to the Mediterranean, a region famous with cotton production. In Yasar Kemal’s novels and stories, especially in this challenging geography, the oppression on the people (the oppression of the landlords), the desperation of the people, the cunning of some, the revolts, hunger and etc, are explained with socialist and realist way. While they are being explained, he uses such a rich Turkish language that the less number of Turkish writers can achieve this level.

Many people used different identifes for him. I had seen in a writing, I do not remember where now, and he was saying for Yasar Kemal, “he was the wind god of Turkish language.” I think he was right about this.

Yasar Kemal’s politic opinions have been always in left-wing. In here we can ask how was he describing his politic opinions? He was describing himself as socialist and Marxist. For this, we need to look briefly at his life. He lost one of his eyes after an accident at the age of 3.5. His father was murdered when he was five years old. Yasar Kemal, who witnessed his father murder, became a stutterer and difficult to speak until the age of 12. He had to abandon his education life in secondary school due to the financial impossibilities. I mean, he had no school life after secondary school. Until 1950, he worked as construction supervision, clerkship of farm labourer, a petiton-writer, foreman in cotton fields, water watchmen in rice fields, librarian, substitute teacher, tractor driver, in more than 20 lines of work.

While he was working in these jobs, he established relationships with many intellectual writers and artists. In the beginnings of 1940 when he was 17 years old, he was arrested for political reasons. I do not know how long he has been in jail these years, but in 1942 and after then he had a working life, so I do not think it was more than a year. In 1950, this time he was “arrested” on charges of communism propaganda. He came out of prison in 1951 and went to Istanbul. He worked as an anecdote and interview editor in the Cumhuriyet newspaper between 1951-63. Between the years 1962-1970 he was the member of Executive Committee of the Turkey Workers’ Party Central Committee, made the Presidency of the Propaganda Committee. All these years he also wrote many books.

Another law case opened against him in 1995.

“From wikipedia“: In January 1995, the German Spiegel magazine published his article with title “Lies Expedition” which told decades of repression by the state policy towards the Kurds in Turkey, describing the ongoing conflict in those days. According to the Anti-Terror Law, Kemal was accused of “separatism propaganda” and the case was filed at the State Security Court. Kemal in fact, had written that article for his book collection of “Freedom of Thought and Turkey”. The book was published in February 1997 and was confiscated on the second day and it released from the book shelves. On January 23, 1995, hundreds of people, including (some Turkish writers) Orhan Kemal, Demirtas Ceyhun, Erdal Oz and Adalet Agaoglu, went to court to support Yasar Kemal. The writer was acquitted on December 2, 1995.

Well, how was he describing his authorship?

From an interview with him (1971):
“I believe in two things. I believe in infinite power, infinite creativity, infinite change of the two things; people and nature. I do my work together with my people, in unity with its great creativity, for it. Politics can not separate from my art. Who is oppressing the people, who is exploiting them, which one, feudalism or bourgeoisie… Who is against the happiness of the people, I am with the art and with all my life, I am against it. I do not want to separate my art from people like how flesh and bone can not separate from each other. In this age I do not believe in an art that has been broken off from humanity. “

The quotes from another interview with him (1-2 May 1993):
“When we are talking about a single man’s adventure, we can not place it in the sky… It is on an earth, has in some relationships, in a social order, in a local culture… We can extend that relationships more… A person is a person in the conditions for me. We can not ignore his conditions while giving his psychology.”

I will add some quotes from his some books or interviews to explain how was his authorship. So you will understand better what a great master he was, my earthling friends.

“You should revolt against the all evilness of the world. Sometimes your goodness can also be evilness for someone else. You should also revolt against your goodness.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume I, 1955

The novel “Memed, My hawk”, which has been translated into more than 30 languages to date, is 4 volumes. Also in 1984, the novel was freely adapted by Peter Ustinov into a film.

“If I was iron I would have rotted; I have resisted by becoming soil.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume II, 1969

“While there is a fear in you and there is a righteousness in me, we cannot come together.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume III, 1984

“You cannot revive once, if you have not died hundred times at these mountains.”

“Memed, My hawk”, Volume VI, 1987

The following quotation is from Yasar Kemal’s novel-theater play “Canister”, 1955.

“You’re not a liar because of you trust yourself. Because of you do not know what the lie is, you will be defeat against the lie. The power of lie is not because of your weakness. The lie organised, the truth is alone. There is tradition of lie, but the truth have to be reborn every day. It needs to reopen like a dawn flower every day. You will defeat. You will taste the defeat. The truth must be defeated. The truth which did not defeat, does not regard as winner. The truth should become so sharp with defeating… Like a pebble that washed up and become smooth in a hundred thousand years under water.”

I began to like this quote in novel of “Canister” more and more over the years. Because against the countless lie propaganda in the world, the truths are always defeating. As an extraterrestrial, which has tasted defeat quite a bit, I want to say that I want to emerge the smooth pebble as soon as possible!

“The human takes part in universe with it’s heart, not with it’s body.”

“The children are human” -collect into a book of the interview series about Istanbul’s street children in 1975 by Yasar Kemal

“Those beautiful people, got on their beautiful horses and rode away. We stayed with worst of iron and with bastard of human.”

Homicide of the Ironmongers Bazaar, Novel 1973

“If the mountains, people and even death are tired, now then the most beatiful poetry is peace.”

From an interview with him

I said, “Did humanity die?”

“No,” he said, “it was not dead, not dead, but something happened, it must have been stuck elsewhere.”

“The birds have also gone”, Novel, 1978

“Not suddenly, since thousands of years, we have exhausted by leaving every piece of us on each land decreasingly by becoming smaller.”

The Legend of Binboga, Novel 1971

“We will find a language that reaches everything; that can tell something… We are not going to move around such a voiceless, hostile, bit by bit on the world.”

From one of his poem

If someone who wants to understand the Anatolian people’ social structure and people’s living conditions, definitely needs to read at least one of Yasar Kemal’ novels. If you ask me which one is my favorite novel of him, I would tell you my favorite is not inside this post. I did not put my favorite Yasar Kemal’s novel in here, because that one needs to be showed the special interest in my opinion. 😉 I will add it as one post in future, for you. But until that day, you can read one of these books that I added into my post in here.:)

Did someone say good sci-fi story?

içerik

In the year 2184, planet Earth has been ravaged by a freak meteor storm, destroying a third of the planet. But the danger didn’t end there. The storm brought with it a race of savege insect-like aliens called the Infestation.

These aliens attack all of humanity without mercy. Man-sized ants and roaches, giant-sized mantises and beetles, all raid the surviving cities to no apparent end. The only hope for humanity’s survival – a ragtag team of six young men and their advanced mechs called A.R.M.s. Now, these pilots must overcome their differences and face their pasts if they are to bring forth a new future–if they can stay alive…

Do you want to read good sci-fi story. Here it is. You can read my dear Earthling friend Omarr S. Guerrero stories on his blog,

https://wolfie25.wordpress.com/

Actually it is not to hard to find a good story. Just you have to leave this thought behind you: “the writer should be famous that I can read.” There are so many writers on planet Earth and the names of many of them is not heard. Omar is one of them. Good and enjoy reading. And thank you wolfie, for give me the opportunity to read your stories:)

Don’t Forget, No Billboards in Space

Carl Sagan…

A few people who contribute to the development of humanity in terms of ideas, were in existence on the planet Earth. Carl Sagan is one of them. My advice, read his books, give his books to your friends, they read also. And discuss. Thus, you will be one step closer to understanding the universe and own planet.

By the way, my favorite his book is “The Demon-Haunted World/Science as a Candle in the Dark”

photo via der-kommunist.tumblr.com

Science fiction; during the cold war years

“Technology-Youth” 1971 №7- USSR

Cover writing and translate in English

КЛУБ ЛЮБИТЕЛЕИ ФАНТАСТИКИ- Fiction literature club

НАУЧНО-ФАНТАСТИЧЕСКИЙ РАССКАЗ -Science-fiction story

СКВОЗЬ ЧЕРНЫЕ ПУСТЫНИ – Through the Black Desert

Георгий ОСТРОВСКИЙ, г. Одесса – George Ostrovsky, Odessa

For reading the story “Through the Black Desert” written by George Ostrovsky

http://ka4.ru/web/46154/40804-41813

A sci-fi magazine which came from the past

“Technology – Youth” 1952 №1 issue: Astronomy- Today and Tomorrow

Cover writing- ТЕХНИКА-МОЛОДЕЖИ-
Журнаи ЦК ВЛКСМ
Cover Translation- TECHNOLOGY-YOUTH Journal of Komsomol Central Committee

“Technology – Youth” was monthly popular socio-political, scientific, artistic and production and technical journal. Created in 1933, the editorial staffs have organized a public design movement, popularize of science, organized international competitions, and exhibitions of drawings, participated in various youth television programs. Since 1991, published supplement to the magazine – “World of hobbies” and “Hypotheses, ideas, fantastic.” As a magazine published by the Komsomol Central Committee 1991.
Komsomol Central Committee-All-Union Leninist Young Communist League was established with the ideology of communism, Marxism, Leninism.

Those who live the reality of war are the people who want to the peace in real sense

Berlin, Fall 1944, the victims of the bombing

“I flew for the Fuhrer” was written by Heinz Knoke.

Heinz Knoke was the flying ace of Nazi Germany’s air force Luftwaffe, nicknamed “last Prussian” and medalist fighter pilot. While he was keeping the diary, probably he had thought that if those lines will be published in the future, he would have been a pilot as the winner country of the war. But this planet is earth; the ground is slippery, no one needs to keep the accounts about tomorrows.

H. Knoke has published “I flew for the Fuhrer” in 1952. The book includes the lines of his diary (1939-1945) and the other parts, which he has added after war. He tells what he lived one to one at the book. Especially, the days which he and the other pilots have took off to respond for their homeland defense against to the bombardments of US and British forces, attack attention.

The quotes from the end of his memories; with the last days of the war.

“… Today the cowardice is on the point of drawing the boundaries of courage…. In this dark hour, the darkest hour for my beloved homeland, Germans remember them (the pilots who died at combat). Now I should just close my eyes and I have to remember my fallen comrades who have fought courageous with me…
… I was lonely past two years. We’ve returned back to the combats with very few of my friends, who were called “Great cemetery warriors” by ourselves. At last two years, of the, we constantly battle against the enemies, which increase numbers at every time. The fair and unfair battles were happen. Our victory was not only ours; it was also theirs (the pilots who died at combat). It was a victory against a deep instinct which threatens to deprive us from our courage and our faith…
… Again and again without hesitation even for a moment we’ve took off every time. And at every turn at least one of us did not come back. But we have never complaint or excuse. Many of our survivors were injured. I hurt myself once; I was wounded in five times…
… Before negotiations with the western, if a problem again rises against to the motherland by the mountains, steppes, forests of Russia, I’ll be ready to fight again. There will be my new companions, who will bring back the spirit of the past and will make it part of the tradition. We will meet and shake hands; and we will remember our fallen comrades sadly. After we rescue our homeland, completing our mission, our triumphant roar of rescue our homeland aircrafts will be respect, which we have shown on behalf of their memories.

…Their death was not in vain.
War was lost. War was lost. War was lost …
… The war was lost. Negotiations were initiated. Does this mean that the peace has become?

Heinz Knoke has flew more than 2000 times, and he has undertaken more than 400 combat missions. The reason of why is called to him “One of the flying aces of Germans,” is because of that he has repeatedly took off and shot the enemy aircraft down in every attack. He has joined to 19 heavy bombardments. He has shot 52 bomber aircrafts down in total number, between 1943 and 1944. USAAF’s (US Air Force) heavy bombing raid to Berlin was made with 1200 bomber aircrafts, B-17- flying fortress- and B-24 in 1943-1945. In those years, 540 thousand tone bombs have fallen down to Berlin. USAAF has bombed in day lights; British have bombed at nights. Almost half of the 1,562,000 Berlin buildings damaged or that every third house was completely destroyed. Casualties were so high that they will never be able to count exactly, but at least 52,000 people died in Berlin. Those people numbers are biggest five times more than number of those seriously injured and British deaths after the bombing of London.

If I turn back to the book; Heinz Knoke who has used bombardment, fighter, escort fighters (so almost all Luftwaffe aircrafts) had liked most Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter. He tells with great enthusiasm how he and his team with 40 pilots made diversion into B-17 heavy bomber and P-47 thunderbolt in February 10, 1944 with his beloved Messerschmitt Me 262 at the book.

All sides of war have used unique war machines, but they were not the war machines. Those who live the reality of war are the people who want to the peace in real sense.