Speech of Aziz Nesin: Letter to Carl von Ossietzky

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“Mankind is kind, he would’t accept heavy words. If you call him donkey he gets angry, but if you ride him like donkey, he doesn’t care.” quote from Aziz Nesin

Speech of Aziz Nesin:

Letter to Carl von Ossietzky

I would like to express my most sincere thanks to the appreciative people, who thought to give me Carl von Ossietzky Prize, the year of 1993.

To be deemed worthy of the award which was drawn up in the name of Carl von Ossietzky who has passed his 49 years very short life with struggle for democracy, human rights and peace, is an unique honor for me.

I bow respectfully to the memory of Carl von Ossietzky, who spent his youth in the concentration camps where were ignored even the living which is the most natural human right, for the sake of human rights, and who died in a corner of hospital due to the tuberculosis.

My dear audience, now to you, I will read the letter I’ve wrote to my big brother Carl von Ossietzky who is 16 years older(*) than me and the citizen of the world by knowing that it will never reach to his hand.

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Dearest Carl von Ossietzky,

I would love to give you good news from this beautiful world where my sojourn time decreased, but as a matter of fact, despite all my optimism, unfortunately I will not be able to give you good and beatiful news from our world.

Which one I would tell you, dear Ossietzky?

People have started to value the human rights more than the times when you lived in the world. It needs to be pleased, doesn’t it? But you do not be happy right now; actually it doesn’t like that at all. While the people are becoming more aware of the value of human rights, the ones who ignore and who are against human rights continue to the human rights violation by applying new methods that they discovered. These new methods are ensuring the violation of human rights, while they are seeming to protect and defend human rights. The most dramatic aspect of these new methods is that the people whose rights are violated, are not aware of who violated, and also even they are not aware of whether their rights are violated or not.

Dear Carl von Ossietzky,

We have learned from you what human rights are and how they could be obtained. We owe a lot to you. We now know that as same as human rights can be violated in the behaviors of the individual against the individual, the human rights are violated in the individual’s behavior against the society or in the society’s behavior against individual. Today, the most talked controversial issue is the behavior of the states or governments’ behavior which is against human rights, on their citizens. Today, those times when a state that was in violation of human rights could say “you can not interfere to my internal affairs, I do what I want to do on my citizens,” to the other states which were respectful to the human rights, have passed already. However, today, human rights are being violated by the new methods that I have mentioned without being noticed, by the states.

I am, as being a writer of one of the countries which were called as “the third world” before the period of unipolar globalization called the new world order, and nowadays which are known as “underdeveloped” or “developing”, as being a writer of Turkey, I feel such states’ acts against the state, their acts against the human rights until my bones and marrow. The human rights of the people and intellectuals of the countries like my country, are being violated by the countries which are considered as civilize, supposed high-tech countries, modern civilization countries and the countries that experienced the industrial revolution on time. Thanks to the newly discovered violation ways of human rights, even the people whose rights are violated would not know it. Except this, the people and intellectuals of the state that violated human rights of an another state, do not know their state have violated the human rights of the citizens of an another state; only their government officials and politicians know.

I can show the concrete examples for what I said. But I prefer to talk in general instead of giving the concrete examples.

Supposing that, the country A is backward or was left in backward, or it is one of the countries which is underdeveloped or developing. In this A country, both individually and socially human rights are being violated. Even in A country, human rights are being violated based on the laws.

The countries X, Y and Z, which respect human rights, naturally do not remain silent on the situation of A country. On the grounds that A country is violated human rights, the political and economic relations of the X, Y and Z countries with A country, have been deteriorated.

However in some day we see that, the broken realitionship of X country with A country suddenly has been fixed. Not only X country, also the countries Y and Z can suddenly improve/fix their relationships with A country.

Well, while the human rights violations are still the same as before in country A, even the rights are violated based on the laws, which reason it might be the reason for changing relationships of X, Y and Z countries which are thought to be respectful of human rights, with country A?

The answer of these questions should be found by today’s intellectual with thinking.

These reasons are the following events which are seemed as if they do have no realitionship with human rights:

The country X will set up a factory in the country A. The country Y will build a bridge in the country A. The country Z will sell the airplane to the country A.

A factory, a bridge, a weapon sale tender, these cause to forget human rights of the high technology and civilization countries which seem to be respectful to human rights. Neither the people and intellectuals of the counties X, Y, Z nor the people and intellectuals of the backward country A, are aware of all these, also thanks to the media.

Dearest Carl von Ossietzky,

It seems that to establish world peace, to actualize the democracy and democratization, to apply human rights in full, for all them our work is much more difficult than before. Because the people and the intellectuals of both the cheating countries and cheated countries, are deceived without their notice. The number of those who are not deceived and can see the truths, is decreasing day by day. Because every superior concept such as high technology, contemporary science, art and philosophy are in the hands of the opposite party and in their service.

Dear Carl von Ossietzky,

I am sorry that I was not able to give you good news from our world on the 45th anniversary of the Declaration of Human Rights while I am taking this award which was drawn up in the name of you. The human rights violations I have mentioned above, have not took a part yet in the Human Rights Declaration. I do not believe that this distorted order will change as long as the politicians and administrators who represent the biggest states, remain as the secret human rights violators.

There isn’t any hope? Is there no light at all? As long as there are those who see the truth and those who investigate the causes of the events, even if their numbers are few, there is hope. A tiny spark can produce very big fires, it could be causing a great light. We have no remedy other than hope.

With my warmest regards, I express my thanks, dear Ossietzky.

December 7, 1993 Tesvikiye, Istanbul

(*) Aziz Nesin birth date is 1915, Carl von Ossietzky birth date is 1889

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Aziz Nesin was a great humorist and satirist of Turkish literature, and political activist. If some one asks me, “who made you laugh too much on this planet?”, I can give his name in my top five list. His life has passed with struggle. He has been always against wrong managements. When looking his life we see that he never gave up. And his readers always esteemed/esteem his value. After more than 100 books (many of them has been translated into over thirty languages) poems, novels, short stroies and theatre works, after many awards from many countries such as Italy, Bulgaria, Russia, Germany, after built Nesin Mathematics Village in Sirince county Izmir where more than 100 children learn math with enjoyable ways by avoiding fear of failure on Math every year, and after so after many beauties he left behind, he left this planet in 1995.

His struggle life can be explaned with many time he was put in jail due to his political ideas, and in one time, he was tried to kill by burning in Madimak, Sivas city of Turkey in 1993. Madimak massacre is a kind of black stain in Turkey’s history. Same day, 33 poets, writer and folk artists have been killed by burning in Madimak Hotel by bigot Islamists mob. Aziz Nesin narrowly escaped a lynching attempt and death, while he was tried to run away from hotel fire.

There is a describing in English wikipedia page of Aziz Nesin: “Nesin supposedly provided a strong indictment of the oppression and brutalization of the common man. He satirized bureaucracy and “exposed economic inequities in stories that effectively combine local color and universal truths”.

I would like to add to this an another explanation from his voice from Turkish wikipedia page of him with translate by myself.

His understanding about humor and art

Aziz Nesin is describing the art, artist, and humor in the interview of Journalist Zeynep Oral, Milliyet news paper Art Magazine. [6]

When it comes to humor, I have to say from the beginning that I understand the functional humor which serves a function for the people’ benefits. The factor which drove me to the humorous writing was the conditions of that day’s environment. In short, I say; Humor is often deprivation and poverty, the anger which comes from life, furiousness, the way of putting forth own grudge. Of course each person who has difficulty would not be humorous with every painful condition, but these severe conditions improve one’s humorous ability. Humor is a destructive, as can be understood from the individual condition necessary for the growth of humor. If humorous can direct his disappointment, hatred, anguish, grudge to the goal which needs to be destroyed in real, and if humorous can use his/her humor weapon for people’ benefit, it becomes a positive destructive.

Each writer who has the class conscious knows that he is self-guided, motivated by ownself unavoidably. Any politicians, any directors cannot direct to a writer who has the class consciousness. The function of art? I do have the different ideas which do not fit with the others. On the condition that the artist identifies himself with his own class, the artist needs to reveal the function of art with self-exclusion and self-existence by reaching himself. Because of he is identified with his class, while he tells about himself, he tells about his class.

I don’t like to use “was, were” in past tense for some great humans, after their bodies left this planet. It’s not about accepting or denying death. Because, even if their physical existences aren’t here, they do have still power on laughing or thinking. Aziz Nesin still makes me laugh when he makes me think with his works. That’s why, I’d like to use “is” for him, because he is one of the greatest humorists and satirists which the mankind could see.

I hope that for those who have not known Aziz Nesin yet, Carl von Ossietzky reward he has received also his letter, and what I have conveyed (which is in fact, these are only one percent of his life) has been enough for now. I know that this planet is such a beautiful place with such beautiful people and their works. Also, I hope that the people’s awareness will increase day by day, as same as in the letter of Aziz Nesin to Carl von Ossietzky: “We have no remedy other than hope,” for now.

PS: As you can guess my Earthling friends, the speech and letter of Aziz Nesin to Carl von Ossietzky were translated in English by myself from this page of Nesin Foundation. There wasn’t English version on that page or web. I guess, except Turkish there is another one and it’s in Deutsche, if I find that one, I will add here later. You know, I have got flu in these days, and I have tried to do my best. I hope all translated parts have been clear and understandable. And yes, I’ve devoted myself to the humans’ benefit with making kind of translate works while I am sick, by ignoring all complaints of WD. 🙂

Longing for the Soviet Union

New research: The longing for the Soviet Union in the former Soviet countries is rising

According to a new research, unhappiness in former socialist countries and longing for the Soviet Union are rising.

According to a new study by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), while the dissatisfaction of people in their lives in the former Soviet countries is rising, the longing for the Soviet Union is also growing rapidly. The research from Estonia to Mongolia in 51 countries in 34 countries reveals striking results.

More than 50% of those surveyed think that their lives will improve if they return to a communist system. Only 15% of the Russians think that their lives improved after the Soviet Union’s dissolution. This ratio was around 30% in 2010. Only 9% of participants say that their financial situation has been positive in the last four years.

Another feature part of the study is the way the EBRD interprets of the datas.

EBRD interprets people’s longing for the Soviet Union as a desire to return to “an authoritarian system” or “the control economy” by reading the results of the research from the angle of “democracy or authoritarian system”. According to the EBRD, people are still hesitant about “open system, democracy and free market economy” despite the time spent there.

EBRD chief economist Sergey Guriyev says that “people could not see the benefits of passing to the free market from the control economy”. Guriyev says that the most important factor in this issue is the people lose their jobs or the risk of losing their jobs and he continues:

“If the society does not see the benefits of reforms, then ultimately these reforms will fail. At the moment, the vast majority of people in our countries prefer authoritarian rule instead of democracy. In Germany, 80% is in favor of democracy… This leads to huge, very big questions: What was the wrong and what should be done?”

Anyway, majority doesn’t care already who lives in poverty  circumstances and who are exploited by capitalism. The majority of the human beings, hey, never mind! Hymn is beatiful, isn’t it? Already my opinion, the Hymn of the USSR,  1977 version is the best hymn ever. 🙂

The news was quoted and translated in English from:

http://haber.sol.org.tr/dunya/yeni-arastirma-eski-sovyet-ulkelerinde-sovyetler-birligine-olan-ozlem-artiyor-179085

 

Cuba’s ambassador:’We are ready to resist the US for another 50 years’

soL News talked with Cuba’s ambassador to Ankara, Alberto Gonzales Casals, on the legacy of Fidel in Cuba and the country without Fidel

Interview by Erman Cete – Nahide Ozkan

Tuesday, 29 November

Upon the loss of the legendary Cuban leader Fidel Castro, both friends and enemies of Cuba have made complimentary statements about Fidel; however, a vigilant pleasure came from the biggest enemy, the US.

US President-elect Donald Trump apparently revealed that he considers Fidel’s death as an “opportunity” to overthrow socialism in Cuba. Furthermore, the leaders of the Republican Party have announced that Trump will try to withdraw the “initiative” which started under the presidency of Barack Obama.

soL News talked with Cuba’s ambassador to Ankara, Alberto Gonzales Casals, on the legacy of Fidel in Cuba and the country without Fidel.

‘FIDEL MEANS REVOLUTION FOR ME’

Fidel has had great importance not only for the Cuban people or Latin America but also for all the oppressed who are pursuing equality and liberty across the world. Responding to the question what Fidel means for him, Casals says, “First of all, he meant revolution for me. I was born into the revolution. My family taught me to love Fidel all the time. I have seen him as a teacher. He taught us many things, notably human dignity.

“He taught us solidarity. In my opinion, Fidel had the highest human values that a human being can reach. He was an example for me. To put it in a few words; he was revolution, human dignity, teacher and example,” continued the Cuban diplomat.

Among complimentary remarks coming not only from the friends of Fidel and the Cuban Revolution in the world but also from his enemies, answering the question how Fidel could earn the respect of his enemies, Alberto Gonzalez Casals says, “Most people respect him by virtue of his courage and values, particularly the sense of justice. No one can deny his struggle against poverty and his efforts for international solidarity.”

“For example,” says Casals, “Fidel mobilized health labourers for solidarity in the entire world. Moreover, his moves inspired ‘health brigades’ in other countries. Besides, all people agree on Fidel’s honesty. One of the legacies he left to us: revolution would never lie. The Cuban State, too, was constructed on this honesty from top to bottom.”

‘HE SENT DOCTORS WHEN OTHERS SENT GUNS’

Casals says, “even Fidel’s enemies accepted that because human values are in question. That is why I believe Fidel was a world leader.”

“Fidel has met the peoples of the countries he visited throughout his life. Despite deep concerns since he survived over 600 assassination attempts, he always found a way of meeting the peoples. At one time a statesman who did not develop a friendly attitude towards Fidel, said: “He sent doctors to the complicated regions of the world, while other countries were sending guns.

Finally, Fidel never surrendered to any power. And this made him a unique leader both in the history of Cuba and the world,” continued Casals.

CUBA AFTER FIDEL

Considering that Cuba and the Communist Party of Cuba made preparations for a “Cuba without Fidel”, and that US President-elect Trump sees this as an opportunity for a capitalist restoration in Cuba, regarding the question on the position of Cuba after Fidel, Casals says, “We need to make a distinction between those who have sincere anticipations about the changes in Cuba and those who have a hostile approach to Cuba.”

“Frankly speaking, we wonder whether those have such concerns know Cuba very well or not. Cuba would abandon socialism only if we betrayed Fidel’s ideas. Fidel taught some values. However, it should be known that we would not surrender.

We lived through deep crises and economic challenges. Despite the fact that we lost many lives and comrades during the revolutionary period, we survived.

We, honestly, think that we will stick to Fidel’s ideas after we have lost him, that we will create a new ideological and political mobilization, and that we will be much more assertive in building socialism against imperialism,” continued the Cuban diplomat.

‘WE ARE READY TO RESIST THE US FOR ANOTHER 50 YEARS’

“We have been organizing this period [Cuba without Fidel] recently. Our biggest aim is to maintain socialism and our political/ideological line in Cuba. We are accustomed to imperialists’ approach. They want to make the people believe that a period will be over with deaths of significant figures. That will not happen to Cuba,” says Alberto Gonzalez Casals and adds:

“Because our tradition dates back to pre-revolutionary period. They thought that this struggle would have ended when our leaders were killed during the independency war of Cuba against Spain. They thought so when they murdered José Martí. Yet, they could not stop the fight for revolution and independency in Cuba.

We witnessed the death of the founder of the Communist Party of Cuba. Our comrades died during the revolution, and we lost such leaders as Camilo and Che after the revolution. However, the revolution continued.

Of course Fidel is so unique that the Cuban people and the world are mourning for him. But what he taught us was “to continue”.

When he started the struggle against Batista’s dictatorship, they were 82 in the Granma yacht and only 12 could survive. However, Fidel said at that moment, “Alright, we will accomplish the revolution”. What Fidel taught us is this idea and soul.

As for the US, we have had consistency on this issue. We have always wanted normal relations with the US providing that they respect our sovereignty and our assertiveness to build socialism. We hope that the US maintains positive relations with Cuba. Otherwise, we are ready to resist for yet another 50 years,” concluded the Cuban Ambassador Alberto Gonzales Casals.

Quoted from SoL.news

 

“Clinton and Trump have only tactical differences”

Socialists are participating in the U.S elections as well: Only a complete overturning of capitalism can realize the tremendous potential of humanity

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Tulga Bugra Işik’s news,  from SoL international

Due to the choices of monopolistic system, imperialist-militarist state structure and anti-communism, only two parties and two candidates are visible in the so-called “fortress of democracy”.

But today in the U.S. elections, there are other candidates such as the candidate of Greens Jill Stein, Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson and the candidate of Party of Socialism and Liberation, which continues its socialist struggle without concessions, Gloria La Riva.

We talked with the candidate of PSL on the policies of presidential candidates, electoral system of U.S., U.S. economy and the Middle East policy of U.S.

“ELECTIONS IN U.S. ARE ANTI-DEMOCRATIC”

Why is the Party for Socialism and Liberation running in the elections, in a political system designed for two parties? What does PSL think about two-party system and U.S. democracy?

The U.S. electoral and political system is the system of the ruling imperialist class. As such, it is one of the most important mechanisms to maintain its rule. The elections in the United States are one of the most anti-democratic in the capitalist world. For example, even though the presidential election is national, a candidate or party is required to apply for ballot status, state to state, and the requirements vary widely. It takes literally about a billion dollars for one of the two bourgeois candidates to run a campaign, so of course, that makes it necessary for those parties to be wholly responsible to the corporate donors. Then is the problem of access to the large-scale media, which engages in a fierce censorship of other candidates.

And yet, with this inaccessible scenario, our Party has participated in every presidential election since shortly after our founding. We do this because as Leninists, we believe it is essential to be where the masses are, to speak in the name of socialism and struggle as the only way that the crises of the working class and society as a whole can be overcome and resolved. If we were just to criticize from the outside without intervening in the electoral arena, we would not have meaningful access to the people, who still see the elections as the means for political participation.

We have had this year a tremendous experience, with our members and supporters in city after city, reaching out to so many communities, joining in the struggles and helping lead some, with our political program, which has received a positive response and interest from many. We also encourage those who are more interested than in just voting for an alternative candidate and party, to join our Party, which many have done.

We have helped give visibility and popular support to key struggles this year, for instance, when I and other members have traveled to North Dakota to support the great Native resistance struggle against the Dakota Access Pipeline. Our vice-presidential candidate in several states, Dennis Banks, is a well-known Native leader, co-founder of the American Indian Movement, who has been a continual presence there. This struggle is the most important environmental movement in the United States in years, and largest, most united movement of Native people in more than 100 years, with more than 450 Native tribes and nations who have joined together.

We have been part of dozens of protests and manifestations against the brutal police killings of Black and Latino people, defending people against evictions, marching against the US-Saudi bombing of Yemen, organizing protests against the U.S. proxy war against Syria.

“CLINTON AND TRUMP HAVE ONLY TACTICAL DIFFERENCES”

What do you think about differences between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump? Are there significant differences between them?

By the time you are able to publish this, perhaps the new president will be elected. It looks like it may be Hillary Clinton, since her close numbers seem to be improving in the last hours, due to the intense media push for her, and the fact that Republican and Democratic leaders alike are behind her. But we see that there would be little difference, perhaps small tactical differences, and certainly in their images. The public perception is different, although both candidates are greatly disliked. I can attest to the exhaustion that the mass of people feel, by us talking to so many thousands in the streets, in public events. There is a great feeling of distrust, anger at their justified perception that one, Trump, is a disgusting racist, anti-woman and overall bigot, and billionaire who has gotten away with huge tax breaks; While Clinton is seen by many as being in the pockets of the biggest banks, as a proven warmonger, and not trustworthy. Yet, there is definitely more fear of Trump. And that is the reason that Clinton will likely win, purely out of fear of Trump, and of course for many because she is a woman.

It is virtually a smooth transition from one president to another in terms of neoliberal policies that have intensified, whether it was NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement of President Clinton, to President Obama’s Trans Pacific Partnership, or the growing militarism, from the Gulf War of George H.W. Bush, to Clinton’s continuation of the genocidal sanctions against Iraq, to his bombing of Yugoslavia, to Obama’s support of the Honduras coup and the destruction of the Libyan state, notably with Hillary Clinton as Secretary of State. The fact that most Republican leaders have all given their support to Clinton is because they fear the potential instability and perceived illegitimacy of a Trump presidency.

The U.S. president is simply the CEO of U.S. imperialism, and whomever is elected will pursue those objectives. Of course, history has shown us that when a truly mass movement arises, such as the great civil rights struggle of the African American population, especially in the South, even reactionary politicians can be forced to change their position and make concessions. We see the potential for mass movements developing in this coming period, as some are already on the march.

“SECULAR GOVERNMENTS IN MIDDLE EAST ARE PARTICULARLY TARGETED BY US”

What do you think about U.S. policies in the Middle East?

The U.S. has undertaken a highly-destructive, genocidal offensive for more than 25 years now since the Gulf War, in the Middle East and nearby regions. But of course, since U.S. imperialism’s emergence as the dominant world power after 1945, generally unscathed by World War II, it has continually waged one aggression after another on each continent. There are too many to mention here. With respect to the Middle East, we have been determined opponents to the U.S. wars and occupations, which of course includes its funding and backing of Israel’s genocide against the Palestinian people. Many of us — even before our Party’s formation — were involved in defying the U.S. blockade of Iraq, taking massive shipments of medicines into Iraq. We are very active in the ANSWER Coalition, Act Now to Stop War and End Racism. Every independent state, especially secular government, have been particular targets of the United States, because they are seen as obstacles to full U.S. domination of the region.

We never fail to warn of Hillary Clinton’s openly stated intentions, starting with a U.S.-imposed no-fly zone that would lead to war. It is stunning, the recklessness of Clinton and her hostilities against Russia. We have often pointed out that her foreign policy advisers and future team, if she wins, will be the most hardened neoconservatives, like Rogert Kagan and Victoria Nuland. Clinton’s doctrine draft, one of whose architects is Michelle Flourney (who may become the next Secretary of Defense), the “Campaign for a New American Strategy,” spells out the objective of expanded American dominance in the Middle East, Africa and Europe (directed against Russia), as well as eliminating the “military budget cap,” as if there were any kind of restrictions to the Pentagon’s unlimited budget!

“REVOLUTIONARIES SHOULD BE PREPARED”

What is the current economic status of U.S.? What is the solution of PSL for the economic problems of U.S.?

In addition to the fact that, according to U.S. government statistics, half of the population is poor or near poor, there are millions more who are economically insecure, who lack medical care, or who are a paycheck away from poverty. This happens at a time when the wealth of the “1%” has grown astronomically. Of course the wealth at the top is because of the capitalists’ increased exploitation over the last 30 years while wages have been stagnant for many years. The 2007-2008 financial meltdown hit the working class and poor very hard, bringing many national pensions to the brink of collapse, and 3 million families lost their homes due to bank foreclosures, and student debt grew to $1.3 trillion dollars! Yet it was the banks that were bailed out by more than $700 billion, which taxpayers had to pay for ultimately. The same speculative actions of the bankers to maximize their profits, plus the cyclical crisis of capitalism, the drop in world commodity prices of oil, minerals and other key resources, overproduction in many other industries, all this points to an inevitable new economic collapse.

Each crisis leaves capitalism and the working class worldwide in a more precarious position, while the environment suffers intensifying degradation. It is critical for revolutionaries to be prepared, to build our organizations, to deepen our roots in the working class and fight the reactionaries’ and ruling class’s solution, which is war on the workers and repression. We believe, in spite of the growing economic crisis, that there is reason for optimism, because more and more people are becoming consciously anti-capitalism, and more are open to the ideas of socialism.

We believe that only a radical transformation of society, a complete overturning of capitalism, can realize the tremendous potential of humanity, on a socialist, sustainable basis.

That was the purpose of our socialist intervention in the U.S. elections, to educate, agitate, and grow the movement on a revolutionary basis, to join in unity with all popular movements and people wanting to work and struggle for real and lasting change.

We thank you comrades for your invitation once again and opportunity to express our views. We are in full solidarity with you in your struggle in Turkey.

For full reading, the quotes were taken from the link ‘Clinton and Trump have only tactical differences’

 

 

 

USA’s Z Generation is in tendency to “Socialism”

Millennials equally dislike Trump, Clinton & Putin – but would vote socialist

A new study surveying American attitudes towards capitalism, socialism or communism found younger Americans preferred George W. Bush and Bernie Sanders than Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton and Vladimir Putin. Nearly half of Gen Z would vote for a socialist.

Over half of Americans preferred George W. Bush and Bernie Sanders among living political figures to Hillary Clinton (41 percent disapproved of her), Donald Trump (whose negative rating was 49 percent), and Vladimir Putin (46 percent negative), according to a new study titled, “Annual Report on US Attitudes towards Socialism.”

The study’s findings came from polling 2,300 Americans aged 16 and above for their opinions on differing political economic systems, and their respective leaders.

As for the general economy, 53 percent of Americans said the country’s economic system works against them, while four out of 10 Americans call for a “complete change” of America’s economic system to ensure highest earners pay their fair share of tax.

Nearly half of Generation Z (45 percent) said they would vote for a socialist, while one in five (21 percent) said they would vote for a communist.

However, many millennials are unfamiliar with communist leaders Mao Zedong (42 percent); Che Guevara (40 percent); Stalin (18 percent); Lenin (33 percent); and oddly Putin (not a communist) at 18 percent. Of those millennials familiar with Vladimir Lenin, 25 percent have a favorable view of him.

Among the study’s findings, 26 percent of Americans and 32 percent of millennials think more people were killed under George W. Bush than Joseph Stalin. Nearly seven in 10 Americans believed more people were killed under Hitler than Stalin.

The poll was carried out by the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, a nonprofit to educate this generation and future generations about the ideology, history, and legacy of communism.

With just five self-described communist countries in the world – China, Cuba, Laos, North Korea and Vietnam – younger Americans had different views of communism and socialism than their elders.

Roughly half of millennials (55 percent) believe communism was and still is a problem – compared with 80 percent of baby boomers and 91 percent of elderly Americans.

While 57 percent of all Americans have a “very unfavorable” view of communism, that view is shared by just 37 percent of millennials and 38 percent of Generation Z.

The quote from Karl Marx which underpins Marxist philosophy, “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs,” resonated with 64 percent of Americans.

But 68 percent of Americans were supportive of Milton Friedman’s quote “A society that puts equality before freedom will get neither. A society that put freedom before equality gets a high degree of both.” It was Friedman’s theories about the free market that underpinned the Ronald Reagan administration and that belief that wealth would “trickle down.”

Among those surveyed, the majority said they were moderates ideologically, 48 percent said they were interested in news and public affairs most of the time, 28 percent were born-again Christians, 51 percent were female, 66 percent were white, 32 percent were Democrat, 25 percent were Independent and 24 percent were Republican; while 66 percent were registered voters. Of those polled, 42 percent had a high school education or did not finish high school, while 31 percent at least started a college education.

Quotes were taken from RT news, https://www.rt.com/usa/363095-millennials-equally-dislike-trump-clinton/

PS: Z generation’s birth years ranging from the mid-1990s to early-2000s

Workers’ rights: This is a road filled with uphill battles!

haymarketriot-harpers

Haymarket time capsule uncovered, still unopened

By John Rice

History is being uncovered near the Haymarket Martyrs Monument in Forest Home Cemetery. A large team of volunteers worked to recover a time capsule that was buried near the monument over a hundred years ago. Despite adverse weather conditions over the weekend, they made remarkable progress, finding a cube, believed to contain the ashes of Haymarket martyr, Oscar Neebe. Beneath this, they discovered a cylinder that appears to be the time capsule. It was removed late Monday afternoon.

This discovery caps over two years of effort on the part of local residents and archeological experts. Researchers Mark Rogovin, a labor historian, and Bleue Benton, an Oak Park Public Library research librarian, first found mention of the capsule in a Chicago Tribune article from Nov. 7, 1892. It describes a capsule being ceremonially buried under the cornerstone of the monument.

A speaker at the ceremony stated, “When generations to come dig up these records and read them, they will wonder that such barbarity could have been tolerated in the 19th century.”

“Barbarity” would describe the treatment of the eight working class leaders, who were arbitrarily blamed for a bomb that exploded on May 4, 1886, in Haymarket Square. The bomb directly killed one Chicago Police officer. Other officers and protesters were killed in the chaotic shooting that followed the explosion. The identity of the bomber remains a mystery to this day.

Nevertheless, following their trial, four of the defendants were hanged. In 1893, the Pioneer Aid and Support Association erected the monument to honor them. Prior to the monument’s construction, the capsule was buried on Nov. 6, 1892.

The Pioneer Aid and Support Association listed the contents of the capsule. It includes articles from Chicago newspapers from the Haymarket era. There was also a long list of documents from a variety of labor unions, including Beer Brewers Union No. 18, the Progressive Cigar Makers Union 160, and the Ladies Tailor Union. Reportedly, there are also documents from the Socialist Men’s Choir, the German Ladies Society and other labor organizations.

Finally, more personal items: Letters penned by the martyrs and family photographs. The list of contents is long and there is a large collection of court documents from the “Great Trial of the Anarchists in 1886.” These documents were interred with the intention of having them read by future generations.

When Rogovin learned of the capsule’s existence, he contacted archeologists in the area and organized an effort to discover its location. Dr. Rebecca Graff, a professor and fellow at Lake Forest College, led the effort.

“I was contacted by the Illinois Labor History Society,” Graf recalled. “I was actually asked to find something. It’s been a real pleasure; the degree of collaboration is delightful.”

This summer, Graff brought ground-penetrating radar to the cemetery and surveyed south of the monument. (Time capsules are traditionally buried near the southwest corner of a monument). An object matching the size of the capsule…

for full reading please continue from the link:

http://www.forestparkreview.com/News/Articles/10-4-2016/Haymarket-time-capsule-uncovered,-still-unopened/

The other 11th September! — Ivar Jørdre

4 Things to Remember About Chile’s 1973 Coup

June 26 marked the birthday of former president Salvador Allende, who died in the coup. Salvador Allende, the iconic left-wing leader and one of Chile’s best known presidents, was born on this day on June 26, 1908. The tragic fate of his government, overthrown in a right-wing

coup in 1973, changed the history of the country—and region—forever.

ANALYSIS:
10 of the Most Lethal CIA Interventions in Latin America

On September 11, Allende’s socialist was toppled by a U.S.-backed military coup led by Augusto Pinochet, barely three years after being elected.

Allende wasn’t the only casualty of the coup, as thousands of Chileans were subsequently tortured, jailed and killed by the military regime. Democracy in Chile was irreparably altered, and even now the country continues to be scarred by one of the darkest eras of fear and repression on the continent.


Social Progress Under Allende

After winning the 1970s presidential elections in Chile, the left-wing Salvador Allende worked toward social reforms and justice, nationalizing natural resources, building homes for the poor and focusing on better access to health and education.

Allende fought until the last hours of his life to defend the social gains and constitutional order. On his last speech, just minutes before the military bombed the presidential palace, he gave Chileans one last message of hope.

“I will not resign. Placed in a historic transition, I will pay the loyalty of the people with my life. And I tell them I have the certainty that the seed that we have planted in the dignified conscience of thousands and thousands of Chileans will not be shriveled. You have the power, they can destroy us, but social progress cannot be stopped neither by crime nor by force. History is ours, and people make it happen.”


Military Repression

Allende’s own army chief, Augusto Pinochet, led the coup and ordered his forces to march through the streets of Santiago, intimidating the local populace and entering La Moneda Presidential Palace by force.

Pinochet later consolidated power with the support of the United States and ruled the country with an iron fist for 17 years, until 1990. He jailed an estimated 80,000 people, tortured 30,000 and murdered around 3,200. Only 75 of more than a thousand of his former agents are serving prison sentences for human rights violations.


U.S. Intervention

With the success of the 1969 revolution in Cuba, leftist movements in Latin America were emboldened, and Washington’s Manichean Cold War world-view translated into fears—and policies—that affected much of South America.

As declassified CIA documents show, the government of Richard Nixon and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger influenced the military to overthrow Allende, and provided resources to deter any leftist movements in the country through the CIA.

As fears of the “Red Scare” grew, Washington opposed any form of socialist gains on the belief they would affect U.S. economic and political interests in the hemisphere.

Dubbed Operation Condor, a brutal campaign of political repression and state terror took hold of the continent, as the United States sought to obliterate leftist movements opposed to Washington-backed military coups in countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay — and Chile.

Modern Democracy

More that 25 years since the end of the dictatorships, social movements in Chile are still demanding that the remnants of the Pinochet regime – including the constitution passed in 1980 – be overturned…

For full reading please continue,

via The other 11th September! — Ivar Jørdre

And the second part of this article:

CHILE: 11th September 1973

 

 

Do Not Yield to Religious Fundamentalism, Imperialism and Military Coups

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…Communist Party, Turkey (KP), a number of politicians, trade union leaders, intellectuals including Kemal Okuyan, the First Secretary of the Central Committee of KP, have signed a call to make a mass demonstration again in Istanbul, on September 4, 2016 under the title, ‘Do Not Yield to Religious Fundamentalism, Imperialism and Coups’.

With International Bulletins, the International Relations Bureau of the Communist Party, Turkey, shall continue to provide information on the latest developments in Turkey as well as the news about the demonstration on September, 4th.

Below you may find the manifesto of the call for September 4th.

Do Not Yield to Religious Fundamentalism, Imperialism and Military Coups 

In the aftermath of the July 15, the US-backed military coup attempt of the reactionary forces, we who shall meet in the demonstration on September 4, 2016 shout out loud that we will not yield to religious fundamentalism, imperialism and coup plotting. The current developments that drag our country to the threshold of destruction are directly related with the conscious policy of the imperialist and capital forces to bury Turkey into obscurantism. In this perspective:

1) Behind both the strengthening of the coup plotters,the religious sect of the Gulenists,  and the long hegemony of the obscurant power that consciously created the base that supported the above strengthening, lies the assaultive project of imperialism, the so-called moderate Islam. This project which has no other aim than hypnotizing and suppressing the peoples of the world has to be questioned in total and the ones who are responsible should be exposed and purged.

2) The public officials who use religion and religious principles or link somehow their actions to religion when in duty, are conducting a constitutional crime. Whatever their position, minister or mukhtar (neighbourhood representative), they should be punished; the individuals who use the excuse of ‘behaving according to religion’ should be dismissed from their duties and put on trial.

3) Turkey as a secular country does not need an institution that gives fetwas. The Directorate of Religious Affairs should be closed.

4) As a result of an insidious operation the religious Imam Hatip Schools are put in the centre of our educational system. This is a part of the project to create an Islamic State and actually with the latest developments, this project has hit a wall once more. Turkey has more Imams than needed, the redundant Imam Hatip Schools should be closed and the educational system should be planned on scientific and secular bases.

5) The religious sects and cults that strive to root out secularism are dark organizations nesting within the State and insidiously getting spread just like a dusty spider web. Not only the Gulen movement but all the religious sects and cults should be damned, prosecuted and purged.

6) The political and military networks of imperialism in the pass of the years are responsible for insidiously dragging our country to the threshold of disaster and, as in all coups, have played role in the coup of July 15. Turkey should leave NATO and the European Union membership process should be ended.

7) All the US and NATO bases should be seized. All nuclear weapons in Turkey and primarily in Incirlik base, one of the biggest nuclear weapon stores in the world which is designed as an explosive mine ready to erase our country from the map, should be disarmed.

8) All government officials who supported the armed jihadist forces in our neighbour country Syria, intervened in the internal affairs of this country and played major role in bringing the country in the threshold of destruction, have to be adjudicated.

9) Making available the benefits of the public sources to some individuals, arbitrarily distributing the public sources as part of incentive policies, openly plundering the facilities, institutions and foundations that in the past were in the use of the public benefit are the most significant stations in the route that dragged our country into the bog. Plunder and injustice does not only refer to the wealth of the ascertained companies and administrators of the Gulenist movement. All the domestic and foreign connections in the unjust enrichment of the enemies of the people, the plunder and theft should be inquired; the ones that backed each other while plundering the country should be called to account. The plundering network in which until the very near future there was collaboration for common political interests but in which now a politician can blame the administrator of the capital city of the country for being responsible for the plundering of half of the parcels of Ankara, has to be crumbled.

10) The statement that declares that the Fethullah movement was constituted with the decision of CIA by the hand of MIT (National Intelligence Organization) at the house of one of the richest capitalist families in Turkey, has to be inquired.

11) The abolishment of death penalty is one of the most significant and irrevocable historical gains in the history of Turkey, regarding both its political and humanistic dimensions. Using the coup attempt as an excuse to bring back the death penalty is unacceptable.

12) The oppression in the public services should be ended, unnecessary dismissals should be invalidated. Flouting the principle of judicial independence, the political practice of arbitrarily setting up pro-government cadres in public services, should be ceased.

13) The coup plotters that made the decision of a slaughter and gave instructions in this order should be uncovered with its proofs.

14) The reactionary gangs that spread terror in the streets giving the image of suppressing the coup, the ones that armed them, encouraged them and used torture should be ascertained and punished. It is very clear that these masses are not gathered together instantaneously for the sake of democracy but are so organized that they can make their own coup.

15)  Openly using the excuse of the coup in the wind of ‘national consensus’, the anti-popular and pro-capitalist regulations are coming one after the other. The legislative decrees and bag laws that impose the privatization programs and the looting individual pension system, should be annulled.

16)  The AKP government cannot pay the account with a mere apology for dragging the country into this condition in 14 years. Starting long years before, the Gulenist movement has undertaken dirty missions in several decades, while in the AKP rule had become a partner of the government, clearly, in an anti-constitutional way. Inquiring these years in total and specifically inquiring the actions of the AKP governments during these years and eliminating the results of the anti-popular practices are prerequisites of a real confrontation. Expecting us to believe that a religious sect is responsible for all the mess and its purge shall detoxify the state and the society, allowing the government to reinforce its power this time relying on some other religious sects, means accepting the truth of a new reactionary coup.

Quotes from: http://www.kp.org.tr/en/international-bulletin-no10-en-es

Socialism is not an option, it is an obligation, if you really want to live in free and equal world. Can you give a chance to the socialism, with the president candidate Gloria La Riva at US election?

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Actually I was going to write about very different subject today. But I saw a news about half hour ago on SoL haber portal, and I was excited, but not for my own behalf, for the people of USA:)

The news was about Gloria La Riva who is socialist candidate for USA president. Communist Party Turkey International Relations Office has published an interview which it made with Socialism and Freedom Party in the US, PSL’s presidential candidate Gloria La Riva regarding the presidential elections, growing protests in USA and the US’s working class.

I didn’t know there is a socialist candidate in USA! You can say what a ignorant extraterrestrial 🙂 I didn’t know what could I do about this:)

Anyway, the interview in here, but in Turkish. She is talking about the unequality between the classes and the solutions. I guess, you can see her opinions on her webpage, in here.

I am excited, because you know my Earthling friends, the presidential election of US is very important for all planet. People except US get bored to hear Trump and H. Clinton names anymore. These two is not different from each other inside the system.

Whichever is chosen, especially Middle East will be worse. As being US people, you know their opinion about Syria and Middle East better than me. But there is an alternative for the future of this planet. It is socialism. And maybe you can think, “oh no Migo, you are an extraterrestrial and you know nothing about here, she cannot be winner of this election” or else.

But, is it an opportunity? Is it an opportunity of US people to show:
“The people are not obliged to give the vote for the ones who are the system’s puppet!”
“We know who you are and as the free people we don’t want to live in the world where only 1% of population that is supported by you, get wealth!”
“We want to live and speak the peace language!”
“As the US people we are the human being and we don’t want to be remembered with brutal capitalist and imperialist heritage.”
“We want to get rid of this feeling of being stuck amongst both of these two candidates; as the free people we want to walk side by side with all free people of this planet coequally.”

Maybe you will give a vote for Gloria La Riva, or you won’t, or maybe I am wrong about to give a vote for her.

After all, I have given the vote for Communist Party Turkey, and its vote rate is 0,3% of Turkey voter population; about sixty-five thousand people gave the vote for Communist Party Turkey in last election. Yes, very few:) But I am proud of every one of this 65,000 people, with my comrades!

And, I never doubt my self, never guestioning. I am happy. Because I know that maybe not today, maybe not in 1 year, but definitely when the time will come, the history will write the Communist Party Turkey showed honorable resistance against the system! The people of future will say “they were right about almost everything and they resisted.”

Like US socialist party, PSL, Communist Party Turkey is showing that there is always an alternative beyond the system, and it’s called hope:)

I am writing these lines from the lands of Anatolia!

If Anatolian people spend the day without dying, they say that “this is lucky day” before sleeping anymore.

Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and the other lands of east. Imperialism is killing in here day by day. And it is obvious that if there is a chance even if this would be a little chance for socialism of US, this is for the benefit entire world.

Of course, I am wondering your opinions about PSL and Gloria La Riva’s candidateship, my Earthling friends. If you share with us I would be glad.

The other side, if everything is parallel with your opinions, can you give a vote for the socialist candidate Gloria La Riva? If I was there I would give vote for her 🙂