19 May 1919, The day is the day that was burned the fire of Independence!

With the Sevres treaty, the imperialists had began to split the Ottoman Empire. Mustafa Kemal who was the lieutenant colonel at that time and his officer friends who have disobeyed the order of Ottoman Sultan, who subservient to the imperialists, have resigned, and May 16, 1919 at midnight they departed to Anatolia from the Istanbul over Black Sea to with Bandirma ferry.

24 people inside this small ferry, have set foot on city of Samsun by passing between British ships the morning of May 19.

1927, 15-20 October, Ataturk have read “NUTUK” which was written by Ataturk’s speech in parliament for 5 days. Ataturk’s speeches “NUTUK” is the one single book in world history about its area and its about 900 pages. All the days of the liberation war were individual notes and were recorded documents on the war days by Ataturk. And it starts with saying:

“19th day of May 1919, I came to Samsun. The general situation and view: The situation of the Ottoman Empire defeated in World War I, the Ottoman army had received wound on each side, it have signed a heavy conditions ceasefire agreement, people are tired and in a poor state, during the years of Great War … ”

And Nutuk finishes with “Ataturk’s address to the Turkish youth”:

“Turkish Youth! Your first duty is to preserve and to defend Turkish Independence and the Turkish Republic forever…

In the future, too, there may be malevolent people at home and abroad, who will wish to deprive you of this treasure. If some day you are compelled to defend your independence and your Republic, you must not hesitate to weigh the possibilities and circumstances of the situation before doing your duty…

The enemies conspiring against your independence and your Republic may have behind them a victory unprecedented in the annals of the world. It may be that, by violence and trickery, all the fortresses of our beloved fatherland may be captured, all its shipyards occupied, all its armies dispersed and every corner of the country invaded. And sadder and graver than all these circumstances, those who hold power within the country may be in error, misguided and may even be traitors. Furthermore, they may identify personal interests with the political designs of the invaders. The country may be impoverished, ruined and exhausted. Youth of Turkey’s future, even in such circumstances, your duty is to save Turkish Independence and the Republic!”

This spirit has been protecting its viability for 96 years. This spirit is that spirit which the imperialists which are inside or outside of Turkey fear and could not demolish last 96 years. Perhaps, its words may seem militaristic. However, if you consider that secular Turkey Republic which was established under very difficult conditions as a Muslim country in the geography inside it, and if you evaluate the events according the historical period, you can empathize.

The day of 19 May is celebrated in every year in Turkey as “Commemoration Ataturk and Youth and Sports Day”

Well, why he addressed to the youth?
Because, he trusted the youth. He had always seen the light in the youth.

Happy 19 May, to all youths who resist against the imperialists on the planet Earth!

The Turk Liberation Struggle in the light of the British documents: Beginning part

“The Turk Liberation Struggle in the light of the British documents” written by German Professor Gotthard Jäschke, and it has been published 1971 by Turkish Historical Institution. Original name is “Der Turk Befreiungskampf im lichte der Britischen dokumente”. What I’ve used to convey to Turkish translation of this book belongs to Cemal Koprulu who was an important Turkish politician writer.

All those which have been chosen through from inside of the tens of thousands of documents were meticulously transferred to the book, is showing us the dominant lies of British imperialism. The book has got has only Turkish translation except outside of the original German. On the Internet or at any library I could not find the translation in English or another language. This was not surprising to me. Usually, impartial examination of British imperialism is not possible with the British publications for some reasons. There are German and Russian sources always, but there is not in English completely.

Another feature of the book is that to tell the truths about what lived of Turks who lived to the darkest days of World War I, more than the other nations with the informations in this book. And the book reveals clearly that the British’s guidance was the main power of occupying forces of the Ottoman Empire at that time.

And British have followed which policies into great disgraces to make an enemy of the publics each other over Anatolia soil, are transferred. (especially the Greeks, Armenians, Kurds and Turks, to be enemies with each other by Bristish imperialism)

I will try to convey some of the documents from the Turkish translation of this book as much as I can. Of course it would be better to translate the original German, but it’s not something I can do. And the experiences in this part of the history, how created its base over what happened today, we will see together. In addition, the ambitions of British imperialism in a wide range which is from India to Middle East are also mentioned in the subjects of this book; not only on Turkey.

Unfortunately, this will not be a single post; I will convey in parts. And thank you in advance for your patience, my Earthling friends.

First, to resolve doubts about how much reliable these historical documents are, I want to give information about the author of the book. Because, in the current world, information pollution is in the final stage. The author of the book, as you will soon read, he was one of very few people who was very knowledgeable about this region and had very experience about region. There is no doubt about the accuracy of all the information in this book.

Professor Gotthard Jäschke

(B. April 8, 1894, Oberpeila, Schlesien – D. December 29, 1983, Essen, West Germany), German historian Professor and Orientalist, Turkologist. He is well-known with his works on especially recently era of Turkish political history. (from the First World War to until the 1970s, and especially Ataturk era of Turkish history).

His diplomatic missions in Turkey and the Caucasus:
He has completed his secondary education in Schiller Gymnasium in Berlin Lichterfelde. 1914 He graduated from the Turkish Department of Oriental Languages Seminar University of Berlin 1914. He has joined the First World War; He was injured severely in the Somme-Py on the Western Front October 1915. When he was healed, entered the government service by giving the exam of the Supreme Court of Prussia (Kammergericht) in Berlin in 1916 ‘s. He has been law doctor In 1917, at the University of Greifswald. He has served as in secretarial 1917/1918 in the German Islamic Science in Society (Deutsche Gesellschaft in Islamic fluorine) and as scientific advisor in the East Intelligence Service in Berlin (Nachrichtenstell flor de Oriente) May-August 1917.

He began his service as being foreign ministry official at Germany consulate in Istanbul Turkey in 13 April 1918. He has been deputy consul in 1923; immediately after, he became the head of foreign passport office. In later years, he was vice-consul in Izmir Turkey between 1924 -26. Then from 1927, he was appointed Tbilisi-Baku-Azerbaijan with the same task.

He has served as the head clerk Embassy in Ankara Turkey to 1927 from 1931. In 1931, he began teaching the Turkish Language at Berlin Orient Institute. To 1936 from 1945 (Institute was closed after 1945 because of Russian occupation), he continued to this task with the professor title.

Between the years 1947-1959 he taught about Turcology, Islam, Turkish history, Turkish law and Turkish reforms issues in University Münster / Westfalen as visiting professor. In addition, he has helped those who wish to a PhD and research on these subjects.

Between 1917 and 1983, Professor Jäschke has published nearly 400 books and articles with a circumference of at least 4000 printed pages that deal with only a few exceptions, about the Turkish history.

From the Preface:

The review of the history of our War of Independence by making use of the official reports and British authorities documents, which have not been published until today and belonged to the era of Armistice-Truce, fills a huge gap in this subject. It also provides on another point of clarification of the period of the National Liberation War. It has passed a time over half a century over the most important events in our recent history. The day April 23, in this year(1971), it is the day of fiftieth anniversary of the start of the arduous most serious movement…

…The publication of this important work of Professor Jaeschke, due to shed light us on many aspects, it is a happy coincidence. Thus, we can draw a clearer picture of those days were the period of a life and death for our nation;…we understand loud and clear that all these hostile world which wants to realize to their imperialist ambitions on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire, how they got down to the job within behavior about corruption and deception…

…Indeed, in this case, the history facts, which has presented to the world by a valuable expert Professor Jaeschke as a result of long study and research after the opening of British archives to researchers in recent years, is an important contribution to quality history of our National Independence.

…Some facts can be understood from documents published in this work:

On March 3, David Lloyd George (1916-1922 United Kingdom prime minister) says that:
“The Turks can be taken to control only using a power they can not resist”*

One day later, De Robeck with Defrance who have a voice and decision in this regard, say these words and received a joint decision:

“If Allies push the peace on Turks, they obliged to weaken Turks resistance at Istanbul where is the only possible place which the allies are strengthen the state, and could come and superior to the Turks.”

…We can see many important events with unknown documents about the history of our National Liberation; we can learn some insight into the events. Preparation of the Treaty of Sevres, the related documents about Malta prisoners, hidden documents of the London Conference emerges in this work…

Quotes from “The Turk Liberation Struggle in the light of the British documents” V.1 / P.7-9

It will continue…

For a hint about British imperialism facts on the documents:
*“…Using the power Turks can not resist”(!!!), only this shows the British imperialism plan how will be bloody and deathly over particularly Turks and the other Anatolian ethnics. But there is more and more…

Bibliography resources for informations about Professor Gotthard Jäschke’s life in this article: