Jihad and Jihadists: So where do they come from?

One should not look further than imperialist centers to spot the source point of jihad and jihadists and in general the Islamist Policy

pjimage

Jihadist propaganda inspired by the US

Monday, 09 January 2017 by SoLinternational

Nowadays, time flies so fast and people’s minds and memories are paralyzed by such a powerful mechanism that it becomes a necessity to remind people of the recent history more often than not.

So it is relevant to ask again: where do jihad and jihadists come from?

I am not pointing at the theological origins of the two; this does not necessarily concern the majority. The question and the problem are political. Approaching these two from a theological perspective will not yield any result but “religionalization” of the politics.

For this reason, one should not need to concern oneself with the history of the concept of bellum sacrum (holy war) which itself is old as the religions. The real question, the one that we should concern, is the origins of jihad as a “modern” political tool.

ARCHEOLOGY OF JIHAD

The term archeology was purposefully used to express this article’s main quest in seeking the conditions that gave birth to jihad as a modern political tool, the manner in which this concept/action evolved and how it was incorporated into today’s ruling system.

It can be, rather correctly, claimed that the timestamp of the jihad in its current form shows the 1970s and 80s. It is in Afghanistan where the jihad was evolved into today’s form at this time.

The origins of today’s jihad lie beneath a conspiracy organized against the Democratic Afghan Republic after the Saur Revolution in 1978, which has many similarities with today’s conspiracy against the Syrian Arab Republic in very broad terms.

The Saur Revolution in Afghanistan had many significant internal problems and conflicts. With this revolution, the laws based on sharia were abolished and a secular state was formed whereupon many reforms, to the extent that radically affected the property relations in agriculture, were implemented such as land reform, establishment of government-owned farms, recognition of trade union rights of the workers and equal civil rights to women. Also, Afghanistan adopted a friendly approach towards socialism which resulted in execution of a treaty of friendship between the U.S.S.R. and Afghanistan in December 1978.

The prevailing strategy of imperialism was then to smother all socialist-popular governments that had close ties with the Soviets at any cost and by any means necessary. For this reason, Afghanistan’s “stand” was in compliance with and hence crucial to the strategy of imperialism. Just like what was done against Allende administration in Chile in 1973 and the bloody and dirty war waged against Sandinista in Nicaragua shortly after the operation against Afghanistan started.

Readers should not take the expression “any means necessary” lightly. The most concrete example that I can think of is the scandal called “Irangate”. In 1986, the US sold weapons to Iran underhandedly and used the income from this to fund the counter-guerrillas in Nicaragua.

Let’s go back to Afghanistan… At that time, the means used to ensure the “stand” of Afghanistan was jihad.

In a short time, Pakistan, specifically Peshawar city of Pakistan, became the headquarters of the Afghani counter-revolutionary forces. Said counter-revolutionary forces being various Islamist groups inspired by “Muslim Brotherhood” and relatively smaller Maoist Organizations, such as the “Eternal Flame”.

It did not take long before these groups fell into the radar of the US. In fact, the US had already established close ties with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and its offshoots in the region starting from the 1950s which became tighter during the early 1970s whereupon use of the “Islamism” card against popular/socialist governments or social movements in Middle East emerged as an imperialist strategy.

Afghani counter-revolutionaries, who found asylum in Pakistan, were mobilized through Muslim Brotherhood and  Jama’at-i Islami, an organization directly supported by the government of Pakistan. The most notable of such Afghani groups was Hezb-e Islami, founded and led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (a figure too well-known in Turkey) which acted in cooperation and collaboration with Taliban and even exchanged/shared members until very recently (September 2016).

In this period “experts” from the US started to visit Pakistan very frequently to train, supervise and guide Afghani counter-revolutionaries providing material and intellectual support in establishing the modern concept of jihad. The term mujahideen hit international headlines during this period and only as a result of these efforts. The mujahideen, i.e. jihadists, were whitewashed as freedom fighters combating the “Soviet invasion” and jihad was merely the name of this war of freedom.

“Modern” jihad and jihadists were categories devised with the funds from the CIA to fight against communism under the Cold War conditions.

In 1979, National Security Adviser to the President of US Zbigniew Brzezinski’s visit to Pakistan was the highest level of U.S. security expert visits to the country.  A passage from his speech to jihadists on the Afghan-Pakistani border is quoted below. With his very famous Polish Accent, Mr. Brzezinski, told the following words:

We know of their deep belief in God, and we are confident that their struggle will succeed. That land over there is yours. You will go back to it one day, because your fight will prevail and you’ll have your homes and your mosques back again, because your cause is right and God is on your side.

During the same visit, Brzezinski also said “The purpose of coordinating with the Pakistanis would be to make the Soviets bleed for as much and as long as is possible.”

An enormous, CIA-supported propaganda machine was activated to work for triumph of Afghan mujahideen. Posters, brochures, magazines, newspapers, bulletins and so on… Though there are also materials that make fun of the Soviets and then-ruling Afghan Government, the dominant visual materials were highlights the ideal of “jihad” and the jihadists.

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A jihadist with words “Allahu Akbar” on his chest protecting Afghanistan

The jihadists, funded by imperialists, received highest level of attention. Then British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher (a.k.a. the Iron Lady) is one of the visitors of Afghan jihadists in 1981 on Afghan-Pakistani border. In her speech to 1500 jihadists, she pledges a further support of arms worth 2 Million Pounds and says that “the hearth of the free world is with you”.

Thatcher’s speech receives much applause and many shouting of Allahu Akbar.

In the year 1983, President of the US Ronald Reagan hosts representatives of jihadists in the White House. (1) In fact, the US is so tight with the jihadists that during a visit to Washington, Mohammed Yunus Khalis (once a comrade of Hekmatyar, the spiritual leader of Taliban and whom Osama bin Laden called “Sheikh Father”) invited U.S. President Reagan to embrace Islam.

ronald2b2528ray-gun25292breagan2bfeting2bafghan2bmujahideen2bin2bthe2bwhite2bhouse2b03-743421

The US support to jihadists, including Saudi Osama bin Laden, continued for many years.

2017-01-03_09-05-19
An article on Osama bin Laden on August 4th 1993 issue of British newspaper The Independent by Robert Fisk

JIHADIST GENERATIONS: “JAMIL WENT TO THE JIHAD”

In the post 9/11 era, the US support to jihadists has become a hot topic in U.S. newspapers. One of the most significant findings of these discussions was that the US did not roll up jihadists from existing Islamists but also raised children to create new generations of jihadists in a way that will “secure” the future of jihad.

How?

Well, education, of course!

The “Education Center for Afghanistan” located in Peshawar, Pakistan and run by Afghan mujahideen was basically an offshoot of the Nebraska University of the US and the Center of Afghan Studies of this university. It was the Ministry of Education of jihadists in exile. The center was publishing books and giving “education.” The textbooks distributed by the center had been prepared by the Nebraska University. In the year 2002, the Washington Post exposed that the university received a funding worth of 51 million USD between the years 1984-1994 solely for this purpose.

What about the contents of these books?

The most notable study on the subject was published by Craig Davis in World Policy Journal in the year 2002. In this study, Davis examined the contents of the textbooks in Afghanistan. From the first-grade alphabet textbook, prepared by US, he shared the following examples of teaching Farsi to future mujahideen jihadi-style(!):

Alif (A) is for Allah- Allah is one.

Bi (B) is for Father (baba)-Father goes to the mosque.

Pi (P) is for Five (panj)- Islam has five pillars.

Ti (T) is for Rifle (tufang)- Javad obtains rifles for the mujahideen.

Jim (J) is for Jihad – Jihad is an obligation. My mom went to the jihad. Our brother gave water to the mujahideen.

Dal (D) is for Religion (din) – Our religion is Islam. The Russians are the enemies of the religion of Islam.  

Zhi (Zh) is for good news (muzhdih) – The mujahideen missiles rain down like dew on the Russians. My brother gave me good news that the Russians in our country taste defeat

Shin (Sh) is for Shakir – Shakir conducts jihad with the sword. God becomes happy with the defeat of the Russians…

Zal (Z) is for Oppression (zulm)- Oppression is forbidden. The Russians are oppressors. We perform jihad against the oppressors.

Vav (V) is for Nation (vatn)- Our nation is Afghanistan. The mujahideen made our country famous. Our Muslim people are defeating the communists. The mujahideen are making our dear country free.

How do you think the C.I.A taught counting to the Afghan children?  Here are some pages from mathematics book:

2017-01-03_09-14-09
First-grade mathematics textbook

Thanks to the mathematics textbook prepared by the Nebraska University, Afghan kids learn their numbers through pistols, bullets, knives, landmines and bombs. What an exemplary pedagogical approach!

Some examples given in the mathematics book about four modes of operation are given below:

If out of 10 atheists, 5 are killed by 1 Muslim, 5 would be left.

5 guns + 5 guns = 10 guns

15 bullets – 10 bullets = 5 bullets

One last example from fifth grade literature arts textbook the text titled “Hikayat” starts with:

Dear students, I will recount the story of crimes committed by atheist Russians who invaded our lands due to carelessness of a group of mujahideen. Listen carefully and comprehend the results of carelessness and indifference.

Once this situation was exposed and given US’s engagement in re-establishment of its hegemony with the “war on terror” concept, various projects were launched to remove the violence elements from these textbooks. UNICEF destroyed more half a million books and new text books were published. Yet, it is reported that the old text books are still used by Taliban even if not by the central Afghan government and can be easily found even in Kabul.

JIHAD AS THE MODERN WEAPON OF IMPERIALISM

Naturally, this was not a project limited to Afghanistan. It is not mere coincidence that names of a series of Central Asian countries, the Region of Caucasia and Eastern Turkistan were mentioned after the recent assault to the Nightclub Reina. Similar “indoctrination” was implemented in all of these regions. It was spread to surrounding countries from Afghanistan and Pakistan, both of which are bombed today on a daily basis by the US in the pretext of “war on terror”.

One should not look further than imperialist centers to spot the source point of jihad and jihadists and, in general, Islamism. U.S. journalist Ben Norton explains:

It is not a coincidence that most of the secular countries in the history of the Middle East have been socialist of some sort. In contrast, the most reactionary countries — the countries where women are not granted equal rights and where the rule of law is based on Sharia — have frequently tended to be close Western allies. Why? The West was much, much more interested in preserving capitalism than it was in allowing secularism, gender equality and relative economic equality to flourish under socialism.

Therefore, we can conclude that, even if use of the adjective of “modern” seems oxymoronic, jihad and jihadists are both dirty weapons armed in very recent history of imperialism and unleashed to sustain capitalism.

The article was quoted, and also it is very long article, I could only quote same parts. If you want to full read please continue on this link, Jihad and Jihadists: So where do they come from?

ps: Yes, the article is written in English, my Earthling friends.:)

 

Longing for the Soviet Union

New research: The longing for the Soviet Union in the former Soviet countries is rising

According to a new research, unhappiness in former socialist countries and longing for the Soviet Union are rising.

According to a new study by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), while the dissatisfaction of people in their lives in the former Soviet countries is rising, the longing for the Soviet Union is also growing rapidly. The research from Estonia to Mongolia in 51 countries in 34 countries reveals striking results.

More than 50% of those surveyed think that their lives will improve if they return to a communist system. Only 15% of the Russians think that their lives improved after the Soviet Union’s dissolution. This ratio was around 30% in 2010. Only 9% of participants say that their financial situation has been positive in the last four years.

Another feature part of the study is the way the EBRD interprets of the datas.

EBRD interprets people’s longing for the Soviet Union as a desire to return to “an authoritarian system” or “the control economy” by reading the results of the research from the angle of “democracy or authoritarian system”. According to the EBRD, people are still hesitant about “open system, democracy and free market economy” despite the time spent there.

EBRD chief economist Sergey Guriyev says that “people could not see the benefits of passing to the free market from the control economy”. Guriyev says that the most important factor in this issue is the people lose their jobs or the risk of losing their jobs and he continues:

“If the society does not see the benefits of reforms, then ultimately these reforms will fail. At the moment, the vast majority of people in our countries prefer authoritarian rule instead of democracy. In Germany, 80% is in favor of democracy… This leads to huge, very big questions: What was the wrong and what should be done?”

Anyway, majority doesn’t care already who lives in poverty  circumstances and who are exploited by capitalism. The majority of the human beings, hey, never mind! Hymn is beatiful, isn’t it? Already my opinion, the Hymn of the USSR,  1977 version is the best hymn ever. 🙂

The news was quoted and translated in English from:

http://haber.sol.org.tr/dunya/yeni-arastirma-eski-sovyet-ulkelerinde-sovyetler-birligine-olan-ozlem-artiyor-179085

 

Imagine what would happen after the first moon rocket in a sense of humor in 1924

epizodsspace.no-ip.org

This page is “Our humor” page of “СМЕНА” magazine 1924, №4 (10.03.1924)
Interplanetary travel (an excellent overview to that problem)

“СМЕНА” magazine has started to publish as monthly youth literary magazine of USSR in 1924. After 1991, its content was not as same as before, as might be expected.

Translation in English

Our humor
Story of a Rocket
Illustration: K. Rogov
July 4, The Moon Rocket was commissioned by America

1. The last rivet
2. Flight
3. The moon’s mind was confused
4. It’s scared
5. It broken and shattered
Here how the consequences of this venture begin and we look:
6. First injuries The astronomer who got hurt thoroughly with no less lunar fragments.
7. The only winners in this case are the amateurs, who got help from respectable gentlemen for other people’s apartments.
8. Assumptions on the Earth: The lovers, who lost the main topic of conversation
9. The linked moon tests that were made previously at the school were failed. But, the assumptions seemed hopeless for the News of tribe”Tyam”, which is combined with the moon lighting and even “divine” responsibilities.

Page’s picture was taken from http://epizodsspace.no-ip.org/

Peeping from outer space and spy satellites

Assembling the satellite Kosmos-4.

Soviet Union and United States, how did they get into a pissing contest with each other about spying? How did sub-base of institutions such as the NSA come into existence?

First known spy satellite program in space is “Corona”, open name is “Discoverer”. Corona name is mentioned in only secret official documents until 1979. Program activity has been started in 1962 under the name of reconnaissance satellites. However, before it, there are well-rounded activities.

First spy satellites have been activated by both states in the years 1955-1956. Program name was “Crown” in United States, “Zenith” was the also Soviet Union. These first generation spies would take picture of earth surface as photographic from the outside atmosphere, and then these capsules were landed with helping tiny parachutes. This first generation spy equipment had a video transmission, over an encrypted radio frequency and former photo-television vision systems. These tiny capsules looked pretty harmless.

When the calendar showed the year 1957, established under the American Air Force, science and technology, directorship of central intelligence CIA has embarked on a program operating under the name of the Corona, for peeping the Soviet Union and China. The secret government decree of Soviet Union about a new satellite design, which will be used for reconnaissance over sputnik-3 from space and called object od-1 can be shown as valid reason for America “Corona” program.

If confusing question is: “Whereas this is a secret decree, how did United States learn this secret decree in the same year, even almost a couple days later and how did they come after Soviet Union’s technological development?” The striking thing here, the presence of German specialized scientists who worked in same scientific area after WWII both United States and Soviet Union. Besides the influence of the many spies operates, those German scientists didn’t leave correspondence between each other.

In May 1959, USSR began designing Fluoro-2 (detailed mapping and photographic equipment) which will go into space with first reconnaissance satellite Zenith over unmanned spacecraft Vostok-1k by the decision of the Central Committee of Council of Ministers. With this beginning Soviet Union would have commenced mass production at discovery-photography in 1962. Meanwhile, let’s see what the Americans are doing in 1959. Same year Feb. 29, they started the Corona as official. The works are done quickly for this and exploration equipment of Corona so “Discoverer” capsule would be sent in May. However, until August, Discoverer series can not succeed. In August 14, 4th unit of the Discoverer series would be the first American spy satellite, which was peeped to USSR and China from space even if looking out of the corner of its eyes, and turned back successfully.

The satellite models of Corona were called KH-1, KH-2, KH-3, KH-4, KH-4A and KH-4B. KH is abbreviation of “Keyhole” in English. 144 units were produced. During this period, 102 successful exploration photos were taken by them for intelligence.

In 1962, USSR has modified the Vostok-2, which is known as Yuri Gagarin for the equipment of reconnaissance satellite Zenith-2. It had failed and destroyed at the first attempt in December 11, 1961 due to problem of the third rocket feet. It fulfils a duty successfully in April 1962. In 1964, the order, which was given by Red Army to USSR Ministry of Defense, is accepted and 81 pieces “Zenith” reconnaissance satellites were produced. After all, the same year in 1964, the United States with Corona program was able to view the 25 strategic ballistic missile of Soviet Union. And the Soviet Union shouldn’t be late.

The knowledge of almost close to half difference between the figures of 144 American and Soviet Union’s 81 discovery satellite, is also important for in terms of determining which one of them wants to make more peeping.

This new form of intelligence, espionage from outer space, in 1969, changed with United States started doing mol- Manned Orbiting Laboratory. Mol system was a station project, which was connected with the world and one person placed in, and if it would be necessary by US it may fire, targeting the other satellites. And the Russians with thinking of “yankee, how would you fire to my satellite!”, they started the “Almaz” program in 1970. Perhaps for this reason or other reasons, US withdrew the firing issue. Russians continued the Almaz in a way of they will not fire blanks in space. And they made super improvements on it. For example Shield-2, which will be used for Soyuz-5 was developed in this period. Thus, Russian’ “diamond” program with five-station will be started in this way.

In 1976, Corona program KH-9 satellite was the first American spy satellite, which used electronic digital camera and the images will be transmitted obtained by photographing. If it is considered first digital photo machine is produced by Kodak in 1975, we can read this events as “all kinds of innovations in the world are trying as first over the spy satellites”. Even if the humanity in 2014 reproaches with saying that “they are peeping us to our bedroom, even in the toilet we are not alone”, in 1976 this spying incident with digital photos was not bother anyone. Human being was able to think “they only peep to the mountains, stones, flowers, insects, ocean, military facilities or missiles”. The people hadn’t evolved enough. Now, it can not be said that many of them can not estimate 50 years later, anyway.

Returning to the subject, the last KH-9 is lost in 1986 due to a booster explosion. Yes, its hexagonal piece surface debris is still drifting somewhere in the galaxy currently. Its dramatic end would be sample for especially in 1990 at the production stage of Hubble telescope about the issue, which damage can be of military spy satellites.

In the meantime, in 1978 a young CIA officer William K. sells describing technical information of KH-11’s construction and operation for $3000. He is charged with espionage and judge with 40 years. However, he is released after 18 months.

Of course in 2014, the peeping work of planet is still continued. This open name is not spy satellite. It makes under the name of military and defense, communication or commercial purposes satellites. And not just United States or Russia. There are 3707 artificial satellites around the planet according to the data in April 2013. Whose hand in whose pocket is not clear, briefly. The governments seem so happy within space works. They say that “we are going to mars, we establish the colonies over the moon, we have ISS and we are happy with working together tralalalala,” with happy image. All they are trickster. All they want to peep to until the humanity underpants. Which of course, the space has become the garbage dump lately.

Besides, open-eyed entrepreneur Swiss company has announced that they will start the first space garbage work in 2018. Maybe at least the solar system of planet will be cleared in the near future. After? Space will be garbage dump again, but with the utterly different reasons…

Legend Soviet icebreaker ship Georgy Sedov, which has drifted in Arctic during 812 days, and its story

This cover belongs to the most famous Russian children’s magazine Murzilka, issue No:11-12 , 1939. As it is seen, this issue is composed of Georgy Sedov’s story. Its journey started in 1937 and ended in 1940. This icebreaker’s name was given in commemoration of the famous Russian explorer Georgy Sedov Yakovlevich. The name of the other icebreaker, which salvaged to it in 1940, was the Stalin. Already, at the cover image, the writing of banner, which the people hold on the shore: “Hello, Comrade Stalin”

Murzilka has been still publishing from May, 1924 to the present.

Picture source- http://sovtime.com

Science fiction; during the cold war years

“Technology-Youth” 1971 №7- USSR

Cover writing and translate in English

КЛУБ ЛЮБИТЕЛЕИ ФАНТАСТИКИ- Fiction literature club

НАУЧНО-ФАНТАСТИЧЕСКИЙ РАССКАЗ -Science-fiction story

СКВОЗЬ ЧЕРНЫЕ ПУСТЫНИ – Through the Black Desert

Георгий ОСТРОВСКИЙ, г. Одесса – George Ostrovsky, Odessa

For reading the story “Through the Black Desert” written by George Ostrovsky

http://ka4.ru/web/46154/40804-41813

A sci-fi magazine which came from the past

“Technology – Youth” 1952 №1 issue: Astronomy- Today and Tomorrow

Cover writing- ТЕХНИКА-МОЛОДЕЖИ-
Журнаи ЦК ВЛКСМ
Cover Translation- TECHNOLOGY-YOUTH Journal of Komsomol Central Committee

“Technology – Youth” was monthly popular socio-political, scientific, artistic and production and technical journal. Created in 1933, the editorial staffs have organized a public design movement, popularize of science, organized international competitions, and exhibitions of drawings, participated in various youth television programs. Since 1991, published supplement to the magazine – “World of hobbies” and “Hypotheses, ideas, fantastic.” As a magazine published by the Komsomol Central Committee 1991.
Komsomol Central Committee-All-Union Leninist Young Communist League was established with the ideology of communism, Marxism, Leninism.

A science fiction story with “crimson star”

“Страна багровых туч”-“Land of Crimson Clouds” is a Russian sci-fi story in 1959; the debut book of Soviet writers Arkady and Boris Strugatsky brothers. This tale has opened a series of World Noon.

Time of the story is about the 1990s . Venue: The Union of Soviet Communist Republics (USSR). Narrated in the third person, the events are shown mainly from the perspective of Alexey Bykov, who worked as a specialist in nuclear transport machinery drivefor many years in the Gobi Desert . Bykov was seconded the State Committee of interplanetary travel by Moscow; at there, he gets an offer to participate in the planned expedition to Venus…

“Land of Crimson Clouds” story is quite traditional fiction for 1950’s. In accordance with the concept of that time, the focus was given to the technical aspects of the near future; the goodies in a popular form describes of the scientific information are displayed.

Adventure story illustrates that the thesis of the primacy public good equated with scientific, technical and social progress is over personal interests with interpreting from the perspective of Marxist-Leninist ideology. Writers would try to make individuality in portraits of heroes, make them unconventional ( poetic experiments Yurkovsky, unpleasant appearance Bykov), including in the story motifs, shading optimism communist future (personal failures Yurkovsky, intrigue “caution” in the ministry) timidly.

In the story, the characters (Vladimir Yurkovski Gregory Dauge, Michael Krutikov, Alexey Bykov, the persons who lead a large part of the narrative) and stories (space travel on the ship photon) appear through to a number of works by the Strugatsky “Zhylinski” series.

for reading: http://www.lib.ru/STRUGACKIE/strana2.txt

Vostok, Yuri Gagarin’s ship

Almost everyone knows Yuri Gagarin on this planet. However, Vostok, which has carried him into the space is known by very few people. Vostok means “east” in Russian. This poster – after Gagarin gone to the space- is the presentation of Vostok to the world by USSR, at the end of the 1961. Translation of the writing on the poster:

Внимание!
Это космический корабль “ВОСТОК”
с ракетоносителем.
КОРАБЛЬ ЮРИЯ ГАГАРИНА!

Attention!
This spaceship “VOSTOK”
with the launcher.
YURI GAGARIN’S SHIP!